e-Business is no longer a buzzword; it is a reality in which internal and external business systems customers, financial partners, suppliers, and support operations communicate and execute transactions instantly and automatically. These emerging electronic business-to-business (B2B) relationships require a new type of integration technology that is dependent on intelligent, flexible middleware layers that glue disparate applications, databases, and processes together.
B2B Application Integration is a comprehensive guide to the concepts, techniques, and technologies that enable application integration, the technical foundation of e-Business. Noted application integration expert David Linthicum details real-time application integration solutions and explains how middleware layers work to create a seamless whole out of numerous independent systems, both within and between enterprises.
Inside you will find in-depth coverage of the five types of B2B application integration: data-oriented, application interface-oriented, method-oriented, portal-oriented, and process integration-oriented. B2B Application Integration also describes in detail available middleware technologies and existing and emerging B2B application integration standards. Specific topics covered include:
Also discussed are the ways to evaluate and choose the most effective application-integration approaches and technologies for your organization. This book will give you a clear understanding of the tools and techniques required for successful application integration and the know-how you need to put them to work to create a successful e-Business solution.
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I. INTRODUCTION.1. Defining B2b Application Integration.
Moving to e-Business.
Using B2B Application Integration.
What's B2B Application Integration?.
Leveraging Your Assets.
Making the Business Case for B2B Application Integration.
Middleware and B2B Application Integration.
Middleware Makes B2B Application Integration.
New e-Tricks for Old Dogs?.
Types of B2B Application Integration.
II. TYPES OF B2B APPLICATION INTEGRATION.2. Understanding Data-Oriented B2b Application Integration.
Going for the Data.
Data-Oriented B2B Application Integration by Example.
Consider the Data Source.
Other Data Storage Models.
Working with Data-Oriented B2B Application Integration.3. Application Interface-Oriented B2b Application Integration.
What's an API?.
Approaching Application Interfaces.
The Interface Tradeoff.
Packaged Application Technology Architecture.
Packaged Application APIs.
Vertical Market Application Interfaces.
Using Application Interfaces.4. Method-Oriented B2b Application Integration.
Leveraging Frameworks for B2B Application Integration.
The Value of Frameworks.
Application or Transaction Servers.
Sharing Methods within Your Trading Community.5. Portal-Oriented B2b Application Integration.
Portals by Example.
Multiple Enterprise System Portals.
Trading Community Portals.
Portals and B2B Application Integration.6. Process Integration-Oriented B2b Application Integration.
What Is Process Integration-Oriented B2B Application Integration?.
Implementing Process Integration-Oriented B2B Application Integration.
Tools and Approaches.
Process Integration and B2B Application Integration.
III. e-Business Integration Technology.7. An Introduction To Middleware.
Synchronous versus Asynchronous.
Connection-Oriented and Connectionless.
Types of Middleware.
Tough Choices.8. Transactional Middleware and B2B Application Integration.
Notion of a Transaction.
Transactional COM+ (Using AppCenter).
Future of Transactional Middleware.9. RPCS, Messagig, and B2B Application Integration.
Future of MOM.10. Distributed Objects and B2B Application Integration.
What's So Difficult?
What's So Easy?
What's a Distributed Object?.
The General Idea of ORBs.
The Realities.11. Database-Oriented Middleware and B2B Application Integration.
What Is Database-Oriented Middleware?.
Types of Database-Oriented Middleware.
Ready for Prime Time.12. Java Middleware Standards and B2B Application Integration.
Categories of Java Middleware Standards.
Distributed App J2EE.
Middleware Platforms Emerging.
The Future of Java and Middleware.13. Message Brokers and B2B Application Integration.
Message Broker Services.
Why a New Layer?.
Considering the Source (and Target).
Message Transformation Layer.
Graphical User Interface.
Static and Dynamic Adapters.
Using an API.
The Future of B2B Application Integration and Brokers.
IV. B2B APPLICATION INTEGRATION STANDARDS.14 Xml And B2b Application Integration.
The Value of XML.
What XML Is.
What XML Adds.
What XML Does Not Add.
XML Meets Middleware.
XML and B2B Application Integration.15 Using Rosettanet For B2b Application Integration.
Business Process Modeling.
Business Process Analysis.
It's the PIP.
RosettaNet Networked Application Protocols.
RosettaNet and B2B Application Integration.16. Biztalk And B2b Application Integration
BizTalk Message Structure.
Application Integration Components.
BizTalk Management Desk.
BizTalking.17. Using Xslt For B2b Application Integration.
XSLT Processors and Processing.
XSLT B2B Applications.
Converting XML to Something Else, and Vice Versa.
XSLT and B2B.18. Understanding Supply Chain Integration.
Value of the Chain.
Defining Your Supply Chain.
Binding the Home System to a Stranger's.
Supply Chain Technology.
Supply Chains Organize.19. B2B Application Integration Moving Forward.
Problem Domains Change.
B2B Applications Emerging.
Moving from EDI to XML.
Moving from Data-Oriented to Application-Oriented Integration.
Performance and Scalability.
Middleware Vendor Approaches.
United We Win, Divided We Fail-Technologies Join Forces.
Selecting B2B Technology.
B2B Application Integration-Clearly the Future.
V. APPENDIXES.Appendix A: Integrating SAP R/3.
Business as usual? Does anyone remember what that phrase even means anymore? About the only thing certain about "business as usual" is that it is inadequate to survive in the new, technology-driven business environment. It just doesn't get the job done anymore. If IT organizations fail to transform and enable themselves to compete in the new Internet economy, they will find themselves among the "left-behinds," wondering what in the world hit them. Gartner Group has proclaimed that "e-commerce applications and technology have been elevated to 'core competency' status, and their success or failure will determine an enterprise's viability."
It is a whole new business world out there. It is dynamic and fluid. It is relentless. And it is dangerous. The thing that makes this new world so challenging to IT organizations is that the Internet e-Business model no longer exists solely in a technology domain. The new e-Business model is now being shaped and driven by the business units; technology has been reduced to an enabling role.
The importance of the Internet is mushrooming before our eyes. Forrester Research forecasts that the e-Business market will reach $1.3 trillion in only three more years. According to the IDC, businesses will spend $10 billion over the next five years to create the infrastructure that will support this e-Business market. In its research, Forrester found that almost half of the Fortune 500 executives surveyed had already opened up three or more corporate data systems to their business partners-and that 60 percent expected that number to grow threefold or more by 2001. Gartner predicts that by year-end 2002, more than 50 percent of large enterprises will have implemented at least one large-scale, extended-enterprise application to support multiple trading partners or Web-based external access to applications.
Woe be to the executive who tarries!
Determined to add competitive advantages to their businesses, savvy IT executives are enlarging their roles to provide customized business information applications and e-Business systems. All other aspects of their businesses, including traditional development for the enterprise, will be outsourced, purchased via packaged applications, or managed in the most efficient, cost- and time-balanced manner. This coming business reality requires a new type of integration technology--a technology that is dependent on intelligent, flexible middleware layers that "glue" all of these disparate applications and processes together.
The purpose of this book is to describe to you just how those middleware layers will function to hold everything together--and allow your business to succeed in the new e-Business world. Extending Enterprise Application Integration
The extended enterprise consists of automatic, electronic interfaces that link the computer systems of the ultimate selling business, the partners that finance or manage the transaction, external suppliers, carriers, and support operations. In turn, these external partners connect with a multitude of internal enterprise systems that support customer service, sales, manufacturing, procurement, logistics, accounting, human resources, and corporate finance.
The technology process of the extended enterprise is sometimes described in terms of "long transactions"--traditional purchases that are electronically and automatically linked across the supply, order, and financing chain in one continuous set of connected transactions. When an order is placed, all affected systems (supply replenishment, credit checks, financial accounting, sales reporting, feedback from marketing campaigns, and so on) are provided with real-time or near real-time updates so that the implications of the sale are recognized and acted upon.
e-Business depends on many of the same concepts and approaches that I outlined in my last book, Enterprise Application Integration. B2B application integration is a direct outgrowth of Enterprise Application Integration (EAI), reusing many of the same approaches and technologies. However, e-Business challenges all the existing rules, since both approaches and technology must morph around this new, and more complex, problem domain.
Many of the lessons we learned in solving EAI problems will aid us in finding a solution set for B2B application integration. However, some of the approaches to application integration that occur within a firewall will be nontransferable to B2B application integration. Moreover, we need to create new concepts and technologies that are unique to moving information between partner organizations. As we saw with EAI, current technologies are limited, and users must learn to pick and choose wisely, bypassing the hype in order to determine which technology is best for their needs. Why This Book?
Although many books on the market address the high-level issues of e-Business, currently no other book details how to create B2B application integration solutions to move information and processes between organizations in real time. It doesn't take a genius to declare that applications should share information between organizations. Such declarations amount to little more than words. Accomplishing the task is something else again--action.
This book covers all aspects of B2B application integration, from concepts to technology. When you read it, you will understand the next level of e-Business technology. In addition to gaining the ability to apply this technology appropriately, you will clearly understand the enabling technology and standards, such as message brokers, application servers, XML, RosettaNet, BizTalk, and EDI. Whenever possible, I have taken advantage of case studies to make these concepts more accessible to you, and you'll also find case studies in the appendixes.
Ultimately, our task is to create the right e-Business strategy while keeping in mind the business drivers. After that, we must consider the architecture. Finally, we must consider the availability of various tactical solutions utilizing technology and techniques.
As we approach a real-time economy, the necessity of B2B application integration becomes more and more obvious. Even so, bridging the gap from "business as usual" to the benefits of the new e-Business is absolutely daunting for most organizations. The solutions will not come about overnight. It will take years of planning, analyzing, developing, and testing before we are able to take that first substantial step closer to e-Business nirvana.
Reading this book is the best way to begin mapping out your organization's path to B2B application integration success.