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Applied Electro Optics

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Applied Electro Optics

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  • Copyright 1998
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-244129-2
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-244129-2

A "back-to-basics" guide to opto-electronic circuit design and construction.

To successfully build and optimize opto-electronic circuits, you need to understand both the fundamentals of optics and electronics. Applied Electro-Optics provides engineers, designers and technicians with a firm background in both optical physics and circuit design.

In Part I, the book introduces the basic theory of opto-electronics, including:

  • Maxwell's equations and the wave nature of light
  • Reflection and refraction, with extensive coverage of Snell's Law Interference phenomena and the Fabry-Perot interferometer
  • Diffraction effects and diffraction gratings
  • Polarization and electro-optic modulation
  • Photons, basic quantum theory, and spectroscopic techniques

Then, in Part II, the book introduces each major element of an electro-optic system. Understand semiconductor light sources such as LEDs and diode lasers. Consider optical transmitters and discover how to minimize the impact of electromagnetic interference through careful circuit location, grounding, and shielding.

Review the basic structure and operation of photodiodes, phototransistors, optocouplers, and photoconductors. Then, learn practical techniques for managing the trade-offs required to integrate these devices into useful circuits. A full chapter on optical receivers demonstrates how to integrate photodetectors into useful receiver circuits; both amplifier and hybrid circuits are covered. Finally, walk step-by-step through building and optimizing circuits for a variety of applications, including CD players and infrared data transmission.

If your goal is to build the best possible opto-electronic circuits or just to understand how they operate, Applied Electro-Optics delivers just the right balance of theory and practice to help you.

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Each chapter concludes with a Summary.

1. Introduction and Overview.


2. Historical Development.
3. Light and the Electromagnetic Spectrum.

The Nature of Light. Wave Motion. Speed of Light. The Electromagnetic Spectrum.

4. Reflection and Refraction.

General Remarks. Laws of Reflection and Refraction. Total Internal Reflection. Reflection Using Spherical Wavefronts. Image Formation Using Concave Mirrors. Thin Lenses. Optical Fiber. Optical Fiber Types. Signal Attenuation in Optical Fiber. Signal Distortion in Optical Fiber.

5. Interference.

General Remarks. Interference by Wavefront Division. Interference Fringes. Interference by Amplitude Division. The Fabry-Perot Interferometer. Anti-Reflecting Films. Interference Filters.

6. Diffraction.

Diffraction-A Historical Perspective . Diffraction of Light from a Single Slit. Single Slit Diffraction Patterns. Diffraction of Light from a Circular Aperture. Double Slit Diffraction. Diffraction Gratings-An Important Application of Diffraction. Holography.

7. Polarization of Light.

Polarization Involves Transverse Waves. Polarization Caused by Double Refraction. Circular Polarization. Electro-Optic Modulators.

8. Light and Thermal Radiation.

Measurement of Light. Blackbody Radiation. Planck's Formula for Blackbody Radiation. The Photoelectric Effect.

9. Quanta and Optical Spectra.

The Dual Nature of Light-Particles and Waves. The Discovery of the Electron. The Theory of Atomic Spectra. Electron Waves. Low Cost Spectroscope.


10. Semiconductor Light Sources.

Emission Processes in Semiconductors. Semiconductor Materials Used In Light Sources. Light Emitting Diodes. LED Characteristics. Diode Lasers-The Optical Amplification Process. Diode Laser Construction. Diode Laser Characteristics. Modulation of LEDs. Modulation of Diode Lasers. Coupling Light Sources to Optical Fiber.

11. Optical Transmitters.

Circuits Using Light Emitting Diodes. LED Displays. Precautions to Observe for Diode Lasers. Intensity Modulation of Diode Lasers. Line Coding. The Infrared Data Association (IrDA).

12. Photodetectors.

Physical Principles of the Photodiode. Response Time. Noise Sources in Photodiodes. Photodiode Circuit Operating Modes. Characterization of Detector Response. Avalanche Photodiodes. Phototransistors. Optocouplers. Detectors-Near and Mid-IR Spectral Regions. Photoconductive Cells.

13. Optical Receivers.

General Purpose Detectors. Selection of a Photodiode and Load Resistor for Circuit Operation. Photoconductive Operation using an Operational Amplifier. Photovoltaic Operation using an Operational Amplifier. Controlling Noise. Bandwidth. Electromagnetic Interference. Reduction of EMI at the Circuit Board Level. Integrated Amplifier and Photodiode. Optical Considerations.

14. Electro-Optical Systems.

The Compact Disc Player. IrDA Transceiver. A Sensing Application. Optical Parameters in a Fiber Optic System.

Appendix A: Data Sheets From Various Manufacturers.
Appendix B: Op-Amp Basics.
Appendix C: Derivation of the Stefan-Boltzmann Law.
Appendix D: Physical Constants.


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