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Software Testing, 2nd Edition

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Software Testing, 2nd Edition


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale


  • Copyright 2006
  • Dimensions: 7-3/8" x 9-1/8"
  • Pages: 416
  • Edition: 2nd
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-672-32798-8
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-672-32798-8

Software Testing, Second Edition provides practical insight into the world of software testing and quality assurance. Learn how to find problems in any computer program, how to plan an effective test approach and how to tell when software is ready for release. Updated from the previous edition in 2000 to include a chapter that specifically deals with testing software for security bugs, the processes and techniques used throughout the book are timeless. This book is an excellent investment if you want to better understand what your Software Test team does or you want to write better software.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapters

The Realities of Software Testing

The Realities of Software Testing

Table of Contents


    About the Second Edition

    Who Should Use This Book?

    What This Book Will Do for You

    Software Necessary to Use This Book

    How This Book Is Organized

      Part I: The Big Picture

      Part II: Testing Fundamentals

      Part III: Applying Your Testing Skills

      Part IV: Supplementing Your Testing

      Part V: Working with Test Documentation

      Part VI: The Future


    Conventions Used in This Book


1. Software Testing Background.

    Infamous Software Error Case Studies

      Disney's Lion King, 1994-1995

      Intel Pentium Floating-Point Division Bug, 1994

      NASA Mars Polar Lander, 1999

      Patriot Missile Defense System, 1991

      The Y2K (Year 2000) Bug, circa 1974

      Dangerous Viewing Ahead, 2004

    What Is a Bug?

      Terms for Software Failures

      Software Bug: A Formal Definition

    Why Do Bugs Occur?

    The Cost of Bugs

    What Exactly Does a Software Tester Do?

    What Makes a Good Software Tester?



2. The Software Development Process.

    Product Components

      What Effort Goes Into a Software Product?

      What Parts Make Up a Software Product?

    Software Project Staff

    Software Development Lifecycle Models

      Big-Bang Model

      Code-and-Fix Model

      Waterfall Model

      Spiral Model



3. The Realities of Software Testing.

    Testing Axioms

      It's Impossible to Test a Program Completely

      Software Testing Is a Risk-Based Exercise

      Testing Can't Show That Bugs Don't Exist

      The More Bugs You Find, the More Bugs There Are

      The Pesticide Paradox

      Not All the Bugs You Find Will Be Fixed

      When a Bug's a Bug Is Difficult to Say

      Product Specifications Are Never Final

      Software Testers Aren't the Most Popular Members of a Project Team

      Software Testing Is a Disciplined Technical Profession

    Software Testing Terms and Definitions

      Precision and Accuracy

      Verification and Validation

      Quality and Reliability

      Testing and Quality Assurance (QA)




4. Examining the Specification.

    Getting Started

      Black-Box and White-Box Testing

      Static and Dynamic Testing

      Static Black-Box Testing: Testing the Specification

    Performing a High-Level Review of the Specification

      Pretend to Be the Customer

      Research Existing Standards and Guidelines

      Review and Test Similar Software

    Low-Level Specification Test Techniques

      Specification Attributes Checklist

      Specification Terminology Checklist



5. Testing the Software with Blinders On.

    Dynamic Black-Box Testing: Testing the Software While Blindfolded

    Test-to-Pass and Test-to-Fail

    Equivalence Partitioning

    Data Testing

      Boundary Conditions

      Sub-Boundary Conditions

      Default, Empty, Blank, Null, Zero, and None

      Invalid, Wrong, Incorrect, and Garbage Data

    State Testing

      Testing the Software's Logic Flow

      Testing States to Fail

    Other Black-Box Test Techniques

      Behave Like a Dumb User

      Look for Bugs Where You've Already Found Them

      Think like a Hacker

      Follow Experience, Intuition, and Hunches



6. Examining the Code.

    Static White-Box Testing: Examining the Design and Code

    Formal Reviews

      Peer Reviews



    Coding Standards and Guidelines

      Examples of Programming Standards and Guidelines

      Obtaining Standards

    Generic Code Review Checklist

      Data Reference Errors

      Data Declaration Errors

      Computation Errors

      Comparison Errors

      Control Flow Errors

      Subroutine Parameter Errors

      Input/Output Errors

      Other Checks



7. Testing the Software with X-Ray Glasses.

    Dynamic White-Box Testing

    Dynamic White-Box Testing Versus Debugging

    Testing the Pieces

      Unit and Integration Testing

      An Example of Module Testing

    Data Coverage

      Data Flow


      Formulas and Equations

      Error Forcing

    Code Coverage

      Program Statement and Line Coverage

      Branch Coverage

      Condition Coverage




8. Configuration Testing.

    An Overview of Configuration Testing

      Isolating Configuration Bugs

      Sizing Up the Job

    Approaching the Task

      Decide the Types of Hardware You'll Need

      Decide What Hardware Brands, Models, and Device Drivers Are Available

      Decide Which Hardware Features, Modes, and Options Are Possible

      Pare Down the Identified Hardware Configurations to a Manageable Set

      Identify Your Software's Unique Features That Work with the Hardware Configurations

      Design the Test Cases to Run on Each Configuration    136

      Execute the Tests on Each Configuration

      Rerun the Tests Until the Results Satisfy Your Team

    Obtaining the Hardware

    Identifying Hardware Standards

    Configuration Testing Other Hardware



9. Compatibility Testing.

    Compatibility Testing Overview

    Platform and Application Versions

      Backward and Forward Compatibility

      The Impact of Testing Multiple Versions

    Standards and Guidelines

      High-Level Standards and Guidelines

      Low-Level Standards and Guidelines

    Data Sharing Compatibility



10. Foreign-Language Testing.

    Making the Words and Pictures Make Sense

    Translation Issues

      Text Expansion

      ASCII, DBCS, and Unicode

      Hot Keys and Shortcuts

      Extended Characters

      Computations on Characters

      Reading Left to Right and Right to Left

      Text in Graphics

      Keep the Text out of the Code

    Localization Issues


      Data Formats

    Configuration and Compatibility Issues

      Foreign Platform Configurations

      Data Compatibility

    How Much Should You Test?



11. Usability Testing.

    User Interface Testing

    What Makes a Good UI?

      Follows Standards and Guidelines







    Testing for the Disabled: Accessibility Testing

      Legal Requirements

      Accessibility Features in Software



12. Testing the Documentation.

    Types of Software Documentation

    The Importance of Documentation Testing

    What to Look for When Reviewing Documentation

    The Realities of Documentation Testing



13. Testing for Software Security.

    WarGames-the Movie

    Understanding the Motivation

    Threat Modeling

    Is Software Security a Feature? Is Security Vulnerability a Bug?

    Understanding the Buffer Overrun

    Using Safe String Functions

    Computer Forensics



14. Website Testing.

    Web Page Fundamentals

    Black-Box Testin





      Objects and Other Simple Miscellaneous Functionality

    Gray-Box Testing

    White-Box Testing

    Configuration and Compatibility Testing

    Usability Testing

    Introducing Automation




15. Automated Testing and Test Tools.

    The Benefits of Automation and Tools

    Test Tools

      Viewers and Monitors



      Stress and Load Tools

      Interference Injectors and Noise Generators

      Analysis Tools

    Software Test Automation

      Macro Recording and Playback

      Programmed Macros

      Fully Programmable Automated Testing Tools

    Random Testing: Monkeys and Gorillas

      Dumb Monkeys

      Semi-Smart Monkeys

      Smart Monkeys

    Realities of Using Test Tools and Automation



16. Bug Bashes and Beta Testing.

    Having Other People Test Your Software

    Test Sharing

    Beta Testing

    Outsourcing Your Testing




17. Planning Your Test Effort.

    The Goal of Test Planning

    Test Planning Topics

      High-Level Expectations

      People, Places, and Things


      Inter-Group Responsibilities

      What Will and Won't Be Tested

      Test Phases

      Test Strategy

      Resource Requirements

      Tester Assignments

      Test Schedule

      Test Cases

      Bug Reporting

      Metrics and Statistics

      Risks and Issues



18. Writing and Tracking Test Cases.

    The Goals of Test Case Planning

    Test Case Planning Overview

      Test Design

      Test Cases

      Test Procedures

    Test Case Organization and Tracking



19. Reporting What You Find.

    Getting Your Bugs Fixed

    Isolating and Reproducing Bugs

    Not All Bugs Are Created Equal

    A Bug's Life Cycle

    Bug-Tracking Systems

      The Standard: The Test Incident Report

      Manual Bug Reporting and Tracking

      Automated Bug Reporting and Tracking



20. Measuring Your Success.

    Using the Information in the Bug Tracking Database

    Metrics That You'll Use in Your Daily Testing

    Common Project-Level Metrics




21. Software Quality Assurance.

    Quality Is Free

    Testing and Quality Assurance in the Workplace

      Software Testing

      Quality Assurance

      Other Names for Software Testing Groups

    Test Management and Organizational Structures

    Capability Maturity Model (CMM)

    ISO 9000



22. Your Career as a Software Tester.

    Your Job as a Software Tester

    Finding a Software Testing Position

    Gaining Hands-On Experience

    Formal Training Opportunities


    Professional Organizations Dedicated to Software or Software Quality

    Further Reading




A. Answers to Quiz Questions.

    Chapter 1

    Chapter 2

    Chapter 3

    Chapter 4

    Chapter 5

    Chapter 6

    Chapter 7

    Chapter 8

    Chapter 9

    Chapter 10

    Chapter 11

    Chapter 12

    Chapter 13

    Chapter 14

    Chapter 15

    Chapter 16

    Chapter 17

    Chapter 18

    Chapter 19

    Chapter 20

    Chapter 21

    Chapter 22



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