Home > Store

JumpStart  Technology: Effective Use in the Solaris Operating Environment

Register your product to gain access to bonus material or receive a coupon.

JumpStart Technology: Effective Use in the Solaris Operating Environment


  • Sorry, this book is no longer in print.
Not for Sale


  • Copyright 2002
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-062154-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-062154-2

A significant concern of datacenter personnel is the rapid deployment of systems shile maintaining consistency and control over their environment.

This BluePrint provides techniques on using JumpStart technology for automated, standardized, and secure installations of the Solaris Operating Environment. In addition, detailed examples of using JumpStart technology effectively on a day-to-day basis are provided in combination with never before documented features and functions. The materials on the included CD contain the Solaris Security Toolkit (formerly known as "JASS") and examples referenced in the book.

Sample Content

Table of Contents

(NOTE: Each chapter concludes with a Summary.)



1. Introduction.

Reasons for JumpStart Technology. Overview of JumpStart Technology. Automation for Consistent Installations. The JumpStart Framework. Examples.

2. JumpStart Overview.

Boot Process. RARP Request. DHCP Request. Second-Level Boot Process. JumpStart Server Components. Boot Server. Configuration Server. Install Server. Server Directory Architecture. Begin Directory. Drivers Directory. Files Directory. Finish Directory. FlashArchives Directory. OS Directory. Packages Directory. Patches Directory. Profiles Directory. Sysidcfg Directory. Server Installation and Configuration. Server Software Installation Steps. Configuring the Client. Automation of the Installation. Configuring the sysidcfg file. Creating the rules File. Creating the Profile. Validating the rules File. Client Installation and Configuration.

3. JumpStart Customizations.

sysidcfg File. Keywords. Name Services. Keywords Specific to Intel Architecture. sysidcfg Keyword Listing. sysidcfg File Example. Client Definition. rules File. Selection Criteria. Combined Selection Criteria. Probes. Creating Rule and Probe Keywords. Validating the rules File. Profiles. Installation Types. System Types. Package Clusters. Partitioning Keywords and Disk Layout. Other Useful Profile Keywords. Complete Profile Example. Testing Profiles with pfinstall. Scripting. Begin Scripts. Finish Scripts. Automating a StarFire™ Server Domain Installation. Driver Scripts.

4. Postinstallation Procedures.

Package Installation Challenges. Software Package Utilities. Automation of Patch Installation. Automation of Interactive Package Installation. Automatic Interactive Configuration. Encapsulation—Brief Overview. Encapsulation—Looking Under the Hood. Licensing. vxvm-reconfig. vxencap-Created Control Files. Finish Script for Automated Encapsulation After Installation. Automated Encapsulation from the Finish Script.

5. Automating Installations.

Test Environment Construction. Server Installation. Client Configuration Information. Hands-Free Installations. NIS Repository. NIS+ Repository. DHCP Repository. sysidcfg File Repository. Diskette Repository.

6. JumpStart Internals.

Phase One. Phase Two. Phase Three.

7. JumpStart Security.

Demand-Only Connection. Physical Cable Connection: Air Gap. Limitation on JumpStart Services. JumpStart Server Hardening. Network Segmentation. Segmentation in N-Tier Architectures. Segmentation in Gateway Systems. Access Control: Choke Points.

8. WebStart Flash.

Overview. Identifying the Master Machine. Creating and Administering Archives. Additional Profile Keywords. Remote Archive Location Specifiers. Local Archive Location Specifiers. Using Flash in an Example. Creating the Flash Archive. Adding the Installation Client.

9. Customizing JumpStart Framework for Installation and Recovery.

Building a Bootable Installation from CD-ROM. Bootable CD Structure. Procedure Overview. Procedure Specifics. Recovering a Failed System with JumpStart. JumpStart Recovery Techniques. $ROOTDIR Directory. Altering the Boot Process. Processing Options and Arguments During Boot. Providing Services for Recovery. Providing an Interactive Shell. Adding Utilities and Manual Pages. Adding a Recovery Tool. Adding Device Drivers. Meeting Challenges Unique to the Miniroot. Read-Only Media. Files in /var. path_to_inst File.

10. Solaris Security Toolkit.

Toolkit Overview. Standalone Mode. JumpStart Mode. Supported Versions. Toolkit Framework. Installing the Toolkit. Compressed Tar Archive. Package Format. Configuration and Execution. Using Standalone Mode. Using JumpStart Mode. Undo Feature. Toolkit Architecture. Why Solaris Security Toolkit? Documentation Directory. Drivers Directory. Driver Script Creation. Driver Script Listing. Files Directory. The $JASS_FILES Environment Variable and Files Directory Setup. Files Directory Listing. Finish Scripts. Packages Directory. Profiles Directory. Sysidcfg Files Directory. Toolkit Support.

11. System Cloning.

Using Cloning for “Disposable” Systems. Cloning with the JumpStart Framework. Implementing with WebStart Flash. Deploying Off-Network Systems. Creating a Flash Archive Installation Tape.

Appendix A. Using JumpStart Technology to Install Solaris OE for Intel Architecture.





This book is one of an on-going series of books collectively known as the SunBluePrints program. The JumpStart Technology BluePrint details best practices forfacilitating and managing automated and consistent installations of the SolarisOperating Environment.

Sun BluePrints Program

The mission of the Sun BluePrints Program is to empower Sun's customers with thetechnical knowledge required to implement reliable, extensible, and secureinformation systems within the datacenter using Sun products. This programprovides a framework to identify, develop, and distribute best practices informationthat applies across the Sun product lines. Experts in technical subjects in variousareas contribute to the program and focus on the scope and usefulness of theinformation.

The Sun BluePrints Program includes books, guides, and online articles. Throughthese vehicles, Sun can provide guidance, installation and implementationexperiences, real-life scenarios, and late-breaking technical information.The monthly electronic magazine, Sun BluePrints OnLine, is located on the Web athttp://www.sun.com/blueprints. To be notified about updates to the SunBluePrints Program, please register yourself on this site.

Who Should Use This Book

This book is primarily intended for readers with varying degrees of experience orknowledge of JumpStart technology. Detailed examples of using JumpStarttechnology effectively every day are provided in combination with never-before-documentedfeatures and capabilities.

Before You Read This Book

You should be familiar with the basic administration and maintenance functions ofthe Solaris Operating Environment (hereafter, Solaris OE). You should also have anunderstanding of standard network protocols and topologies.Since this book is designed to be useful to people with varying degrees of experienceor knowledge of JumpStart technology, your experience and knowledge are thedetermining factors of the path you choose through this book.

How This Book Is Organized

This book is structured with Chapters 2 through 5 providing increasing depth intothe configuration and use of JumpStart technology.

Depending on your level of experience and knowledge of JumpStart technology, youcan skip Chapter 2 "JumpStart Overview," or use it as a review. If you are anexperienced JumpStart user, you can skim Chapter 3 "JumpStart Customizations," oruse it as a review.

Read the remaining chapters either sequentially for an overall comprehension ofJumpStart or as your need dictates.

Chapter 1, "Introduction," provides a high-level overview of the structure and useof the JumpStart framework.

Chapter 2, "JumpStart Overview," presents the core components of the basicJumpStart architecture. The chapter focuses on how to get an automated JumpStartenvironment up and running as quickly as possible.

Chapter 3, "JumpStart Customizations" examines in depth the key components thatwere briefly touched on in Chapter 2, adding the information and recommendationsnecessary to best perform complex installations of the Solaris OE. Additionally, thischapter details the techniques and mechanisms necessary to provide the basics ofhow to extend the JumpStart framework to best suit the needs of your datacenter.

Chapter 4, "Postinstallation Procedures," builds on the advanced JumpStarttechnology techniques presented in Chapter 3 "JumpStart Customizations." Itexamines some of the lesser known (but more powerful) configuration options of theJumpStart application to perform a site-standard, hands-free installation of theSolaris OE and a hands-free installation of unbundled software applications, such asVERITAS Volume Manager (VxVM) and software patches. The chapter providescomplete examples of automating the installation of the Solaris OE and additionalunbundled (third-party) software applications.

Chapter 5, "Automating Installations," describes how JumpStart softwareinstallations can be automated through the use of repositories such as Dynamic HostControl Protocol (DHCP), Network Information System (NIS), Network InformationSystem Plus (NIS+), files, and diskettes. To illustrate the configuration processes ofthese various JumpStart software techniques, this chapter presents a labenvironment in which the various alternatives are implemented and described.

Chapter 6, "JumpStart Internals," applies the concepts presented in Chapter 2 andChapter 3 to a SPARC-based automated JumpStart software installation by lookingat the sequence of network traffic that was generated. The chapter examines theinternals of the JumpStart technology process: its three phases based on the networkprotocols encountered.

Chapter 7, "JumpStart Security," recommends ways to securely incorporate theJumpStart framework into your environment.

Chapter 8, "WebStart Flash," provides an overview and tutorial on WebStart Flash,a powerful new facility of JumpStart technology available with the release of Solaris8 4/01 (Update 4) OE. Flash can create a system archive (a snapshot of an installedsystem) and install the Solaris OE from that archive.

Chapter 9, "Customizing JumpStart Framework for Installation and Recovery,"examines several of the more powerful, yet often overlooked, aspects of theJumpStart system. The chapter explains how to use JumpStart technology from aCD-ROM and how to extend the JumpStart framework into a platform for rapidsystem recovery.

Chapter 10, "Solaris Security Toolkit," details the Solaris Security Toolkit (Toolkit).This Toolkit automates the process of securing Solaris OE systems. In addition to itsnetwork-based or JumpStart-based mode, the Toolkit can also be run in standalonemode. This chapter focuses on the parts of the Toolkit used during a network orJumpStart-based software installation.

Note - The Solaris Security Toolkit was formerly known as the jass SecurityToolkit.

Chapter 11, "System Cloning," refers to the rapid re-creation or reinstallation of asystem. This chapter presents techniques for system cloning and rapid deploymentof systems. This technique is especially useful in providing business continuity anddisaster recovery.

Appendix A, "Using JumpStart Technology to Install Solaris OE for IntelArchitecture," provides an example of using JumpStart technology to install Solaris8 OE for the Intel Architecture on an Intel x86-based client from a Sun EnterpriseE420r JumpStart server.Glossary is a list of terms and acronyms used frequently in describing JumpStarttechnology.

Ordering Sun Documents

The SunDocs SM program provides more than 250 manuals from Sun Microsystems,Inc. If you live in the United States, Canada, Europe, or Japan, you can purchasedocumentation sets or individual manuals through this program.

Accessing Sun Documentation Online

The docs.sun.com Web site enables you to access Sun technical documentationonline. You can browse the docs.sun.com archive or search for a specific book titleor subject. The URL is http://docs.sun.com/


Submit Errata

More Information

InformIT Promotional Mailings & Special Offers

I would like to receive exclusive offers and hear about products from InformIT and its family of brands. I can unsubscribe at any time.


Pearson Education, Inc., 221 River Street, Hoboken, New Jersey 07030, (Pearson) presents this site to provide information about products and services that can be purchased through this site.

This privacy notice provides an overview of our commitment to privacy and describes how we collect, protect, use and share personal information collected through this site. Please note that other Pearson websites and online products and services have their own separate privacy policies.

Collection and Use of Information

To conduct business and deliver products and services, Pearson collects and uses personal information in several ways in connection with this site, including:

Questions and Inquiries

For inquiries and questions, we collect the inquiry or question, together with name, contact details (email address, phone number and mailing address) and any other additional information voluntarily submitted to us through a Contact Us form or an email. We use this information to address the inquiry and respond to the question.

Online Store

For orders and purchases placed through our online store on this site, we collect order details, name, institution name and address (if applicable), email address, phone number, shipping and billing addresses, credit/debit card information, shipping options and any instructions. We use this information to complete transactions, fulfill orders, communicate with individuals placing orders or visiting the online store, and for related purposes.


Pearson may offer opportunities to provide feedback or participate in surveys, including surveys evaluating Pearson products, services or sites. Participation is voluntary. Pearson collects information requested in the survey questions and uses the information to evaluate, support, maintain and improve products, services or sites, develop new products and services, conduct educational research and for other purposes specified in the survey.

Contests and Drawings

Occasionally, we may sponsor a contest or drawing. Participation is optional. Pearson collects name, contact information and other information specified on the entry form for the contest or drawing to conduct the contest or drawing. Pearson may collect additional personal information from the winners of a contest or drawing in order to award the prize and for tax reporting purposes, as required by law.


If you have elected to receive email newsletters or promotional mailings and special offers but want to unsubscribe, simply email information@informit.com.

Service Announcements

On rare occasions it is necessary to send out a strictly service related announcement. For instance, if our service is temporarily suspended for maintenance we might send users an email. Generally, users may not opt-out of these communications, though they can deactivate their account information. However, these communications are not promotional in nature.

Customer Service

We communicate with users on a regular basis to provide requested services and in regard to issues relating to their account we reply via email or phone in accordance with the users' wishes when a user submits their information through our Contact Us form.

Other Collection and Use of Information

Application and System Logs

Pearson automatically collects log data to help ensure the delivery, availability and security of this site. Log data may include technical information about how a user or visitor connected to this site, such as browser type, type of computer/device, operating system, internet service provider and IP address. We use this information for support purposes and to monitor the health of the site, identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents and appropriately scale computing resources.

Web Analytics

Pearson may use third party web trend analytical services, including Google Analytics, to collect visitor information, such as IP addresses, browser types, referring pages, pages visited and time spent on a particular site. While these analytical services collect and report information on an anonymous basis, they may use cookies to gather web trend information. The information gathered may enable Pearson (but not the third party web trend services) to link information with application and system log data. Pearson uses this information for system administration and to identify problems, improve service, detect unauthorized access and fraudulent activity, prevent and respond to security incidents, appropriately scale computing resources and otherwise support and deliver this site and its services.

Cookies and Related Technologies

This site uses cookies and similar technologies to personalize content, measure traffic patterns, control security, track use and access of information on this site, and provide interest-based messages and advertising. Users can manage and block the use of cookies through their browser. Disabling or blocking certain cookies may limit the functionality of this site.

Do Not Track

This site currently does not respond to Do Not Track signals.


Pearson uses appropriate physical, administrative and technical security measures to protect personal information from unauthorized access, use and disclosure.


This site is not directed to children under the age of 13.


Pearson may send or direct marketing communications to users, provided that

  • Pearson will not use personal information collected or processed as a K-12 school service provider for the purpose of directed or targeted advertising.
  • Such marketing is consistent with applicable law and Pearson's legal obligations.
  • Pearson will not knowingly direct or send marketing communications to an individual who has expressed a preference not to receive marketing.
  • Where required by applicable law, express or implied consent to marketing exists and has not been withdrawn.

Pearson may provide personal information to a third party service provider on a restricted basis to provide marketing solely on behalf of Pearson or an affiliate or customer for whom Pearson is a service provider. Marketing preferences may be changed at any time.

Correcting/Updating Personal Information

If a user's personally identifiable information changes (such as your postal address or email address), we provide a way to correct or update that user's personal data provided to us. This can be done on the Account page. If a user no longer desires our service and desires to delete his or her account, please contact us at customer-service@informit.com and we will process the deletion of a user's account.


Users can always make an informed choice as to whether they should proceed with certain services offered by InformIT. If you choose to remove yourself from our mailing list(s) simply visit the following page and uncheck any communication you no longer want to receive: www.informit.com/u.aspx.

Sale of Personal Information

Pearson does not rent or sell personal information in exchange for any payment of money.

While Pearson does not sell personal information, as defined in Nevada law, Nevada residents may email a request for no sale of their personal information to NevadaDesignatedRequest@pearson.com.

Supplemental Privacy Statement for California Residents

California residents should read our Supplemental privacy statement for California residents in conjunction with this Privacy Notice. The Supplemental privacy statement for California residents explains Pearson's commitment to comply with California law and applies to personal information of California residents collected in connection with this site and the Services.

Sharing and Disclosure

Pearson may disclose personal information, as follows:

  • As required by law.
  • With the consent of the individual (or their parent, if the individual is a minor)
  • In response to a subpoena, court order or legal process, to the extent permitted or required by law
  • To protect the security and safety of individuals, data, assets and systems, consistent with applicable law
  • In connection the sale, joint venture or other transfer of some or all of its company or assets, subject to the provisions of this Privacy Notice
  • To investigate or address actual or suspected fraud or other illegal activities
  • To exercise its legal rights, including enforcement of the Terms of Use for this site or another contract
  • To affiliated Pearson companies and other companies and organizations who perform work for Pearson and are obligated to protect the privacy of personal information consistent with this Privacy Notice
  • To a school, organization, company or government agency, where Pearson collects or processes the personal information in a school setting or on behalf of such organization, company or government agency.


This web site contains links to other sites. Please be aware that we are not responsible for the privacy practices of such other sites. We encourage our users to be aware when they leave our site and to read the privacy statements of each and every web site that collects Personal Information. This privacy statement applies solely to information collected by this web site.

Requests and Contact

Please contact us about this Privacy Notice or if you have any requests or questions relating to the privacy of your personal information.

Changes to this Privacy Notice

We may revise this Privacy Notice through an updated posting. We will identify the effective date of the revision in the posting. Often, updates are made to provide greater clarity or to comply with changes in regulatory requirements. If the updates involve material changes to the collection, protection, use or disclosure of Personal Information, Pearson will provide notice of the change through a conspicuous notice on this site or other appropriate way. Continued use of the site after the effective date of a posted revision evidences acceptance. Please contact us if you have questions or concerns about the Privacy Notice or any objection to any revisions.

Last Update: November 17, 2020