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Inside Windows Server 2003

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Inside Windows Server 2003


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  • Copyright 2003
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-7357-1158-5
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7357-1158-7

Inside Windows .NET Server contains comprehensive information on deploying, managing, and troubleshooting systems using both Windows .NET and its predecessor. Readers get the in-depth, practical knowledge they need to master the hundreds of complex and often frustrating features found in Windows .NET Server. Inside Windows .NET Server is structured around a production deployment of Windows .NET in a global enterprise. Each chapter contains a lively feature description followed by extensively illustrated procedures for setting up and managing each service. All along the way, Boswell includes proven advice for improving stability, performance, and security. Readers of Boswell's Inside Windows 2000 Server declared it to be the best resource on the market. Inside Windows .NET Server improves coverage of existing features while expanding the scope to include the new features and improvements that make Windows .NET a must-have upgrade.

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Table of Contents


About the Author.

1. Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2003.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Version Comparisons.

Hardware Recommendations.

Installation Checklist.

Functional Overview of Windows Server 2003 Setup.

Installing Windows Server 2003.

Post Setup Configurations.

Functional Description of the Windows Server 2003 Boot Process.

Correcting Common Setup Problems.

Best Practices.

Moving Forward.

2. Performing Upgrades and Automated Installations.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

NT4 Upgrade Functional Overview.

Upgrading an NT4 or Windows 2000 Server.

Automating Windows Server 2003 Deployments.

Moving Forward.

3. Adding Hardware.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Architecture.

Overview of Windows Server 2003 Plug and Play.

Installing and Configuring Devices.

Troubleshooting New Devices.

Moving Forward.

4. Managing NetBIOS Name Resolution.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Overview of Windows Server 2003 Networking.

Name Resolution and Network Services.

Network Diagnostic Utilities.

Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Broadcasts.

Resolving NetBIOS Names Using Lmhosts.

Resolving NetBIOS Names Using WINS.

Managing WINS.

Disabling NetBIOS-over-TCP/IP Name Resolution.

Moving Forward.

5. Managing DNS.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Overview of DNS Domain Structure.

Functional Description of DNS Query Handling.

Designing DNS Domains.

Active Directory Integration.

Configuring DNS Clients.

Installing and Configuring DNS Servers.

Configuring Secondary DNS Servers.

Integrating DNS Zones into Active Directory.

Configuring a Caching-Only Server.

Configuring a DNS Server to Use a Forwarder.

Managing Dynamic DNS.

Configuring Advanced DNS Server Parameters.

Examining Zones with Nslookup.

Command-Line Management of DNS.

Configuring DHCP to Support DNS.

Moving Forward.

6. Understanding Active Directory Services.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Limitations of Classic NT Security.

Directory Service Components.

Brief History of Directory Services.

X.500 Overview.

LDAP Information Model.

LDAP Namespace Structure.

Active Directory Namespace Structure.

Active Directory Schema.

Active Directory Support Files.

Active Directory Utilities.

Bulk Imports and Exports.

Moving Forward.

7. Managing Active Directory Replication.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Replication Overview.

Detailed Replication Transaction Descriptions.

Designing Site Architectures.

Configuring Inter-site Replication.

Controlling Replication Parameters.

Special Replication Operations.

Troubleshooting Replication Problems.

Moving Forward.

8. Designing Windows Server 2003 Domains.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Design Objectives.

DNS and Active Directory Namespaces.

Domain Design Strategies.

Strategies for OU Design.

Flexible Single Master Operations.

Domain Controller Placement.

Moving Forward.

9. Deploying Windows Server 2003 Domains.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Preparing for an NT Domain Upgrade.

In-Place Upgrade of an NT4 Domain.

In-Place Upgrade of a Windows 2000 Forest.

Migrating from NT and Windows 2000 Domains to Windows Server 2003.

Additional Domain Operations.

Moving Forward.

10. Active Directory Maintenance.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Loss of a DNS Server.

Loss of a Domain Controller.

Loss of Key Replication Components.

Backing Up the Directory.

Performing Directory Maintenance.

Moving Forward.

11. Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Windows Server 2003 Security Architecture.

Security Components.

Password Security.


Analysis of Kerberos Transactions.

MITv5 Kerberos Interoperability.

Security Auditing.

Moving Forward.

12. Managing Group Policies.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Group Policy Operational Overview.

Managing Individual Group Policy Types.

Moving Forward.

13. Managing Active Directory Security.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Overview of Active Directory Security.

Using Groups to Manage Active Directory Objects.

Service Accounts.

Using the Secondary Logon Service and RunAs.

Using WMI for Active Directory Event Notification.

Moving Forward.

14. Configuring Data Storage.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Functional Description of Windows Server 2003 Data Storage.

Performing Disk Operations on IA32 Systems.

Recovering Failed Fault Tolerant Disks.

Working with GPT Disks.

Moving Forward.

15. Managing File Systems.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Overview of Windows Server 2003 File Systems.

NTFS Attributes.

Link Tracking Service.

Reparse Points.

File System Recovery and Fault Tolerance.


File System Operations.

Moving Forward.

16. Managing Shared Resources.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Functional Description of Windows Resource Sharing.

Configuring File Sharing.

Connecting to Shared Folders.

Resource Sharing Using the Distributed File System (Dfs).

Printer Sharing.

Configuring Windows Server 2003 Clients to Print.

Managing Print Services.

Moving Forward.

17. Managing File Encryption.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

File Encryption Functional Description.

Certificate Management.

Encrypted File Recovery.

Encrypting Server-Based Files.

EFS File Transactions and WebDAV.

Special EFS Guidelines.

EFS Procedures.

Moving Forward.

18. Managing a Public Key Infrastructure.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

PKI Goals.

Cryptographic Elements in Windows Server 2003.

Public/Private Key Services.


Certification Authorities.

Certificate Enrollment.

Key Archival and Recovery.

Command-Line PKI Tools.

Moving Forward.

19. Managing the User Operating Environment.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Side-by-Side Assemblies.

User State Migration.

Managing Folder Redirection.

Creating and Managing Home Directories.

Managing Offline Files.

Managing Servers via Remote Desktop.

Moving Forward.

20. Managing Remote Access and Internet Routing.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Functional Description of WAN Device Support.

PPP Authentication.

NT4 RAS Servers and Active Directory Domains.

Deploying Smart Cards for Remote Access.

Installing and Configuring Modems.

Configuring a Remote Access Server.

Configuring a Demand-Dial Router.

Configuring an Internet Gateway Using NAT.

Configuring a Network Bridge.

Configuring Virtual Private Network Connections.

Configuring Internet Authentication Services (IAS).

Moving Forward.

21. Recovering from System Failures.

New Features in Windows Server 2003.

Functional Description Ntbackup.

Backup and Restore Operations.

Recovering from Blue Screen Stops.

Using Emergency Management Services (EMS).

Using Safe Mode.

Restoring Functionality with the Last Known Good Configuration.

Recovery Console.

Moving Forward.

Index. 0735711585T03252003


The release of a new version of an operating system always brings up lots of questions. Is it worth the time and trouble to upgrade? What are the potential problems? How do I prepare for testing and evaluation and maybe for deployment? These decisions are especially complex in this situation because Windows .NET is not a revolutionary change from Windows 2000. Instead, it incorporates hundreds of improvements, large and small, that you'll need to evaluate, both separately and as a whole, to justify an upgrade.

Windows .NET also represents the first time in the history of Microsoft's NT-based product line that the desktop code has been released separately from the server code. By the time .NET server products reach the market, XP will have been available for over a year. To deploy .NET servers, then, you'll need to know how to manage a complex mix of Windows .NET and Windows 2000 and NT servers accessed by any one of a half-dozen Windows clients, not to mention a wide variety of third-party clients.

This book is designed to lead you through the complexities of a full Windows .NET deployment in a mixed operating environment. It starts with installing a single server and moves in logical progression through upgrading additional servers, installing hardware, handling name resolution, deploying and integrating Windows .NET DNS, installing and configuring Active Directory, and making .NET-based resources available to authorized clients, both on the local network and across the Internet. The release of Windows .NET also represents a milestone because Microsoft has finally gotten truly fanatical about security, so this book pays special attention to the new security features.

Each chapter is constructed to present design principles first, followed by process descriptions that help you identify interoperability issues, and finally the procedures you'll need to install and configure the Windows .NET features covered by the chapter. Each chapter starts off with a list of new features in Windows .NET along with any significant improvements to features carried over from Windows 2000. Experienced Windows 2000 designers and administrators can use this list as a checklist to guide their evaluations.

My approach to presenting process details for Windows .NET features reflects my background as a Naval nuclear power plant operator. In the nuclear program, it's not enough to know how to operate a piece of equipment. You have to know the principles behind each element of the equipment's design, how the equipment integrates into the plant as a whole, and how the equipment will affect plant operations if it fails in a variety of circumstances. I was fortunate because this experience allowed me to see how a team of operators, each with an encyclopedic knowledge of the equipment under his control, can keep complex systems running smoothly and even make the job seem easy. I hope to contribute something to your knowledge of Windows .NET so that you can build the same kind of team in your IT organization.

Who Should Read This Book

Any IT professional who designs, manages, or works with Windows technology should evaluate the features in Windows .NET. This book will help you with that evaluation. If you plan on installing one or more special-function Windows .NET servers, or upgrading to Windows .NET Active Directory, this book will show you how to prepare for the deployment and how to troubleshoot problems that might crop up along the way.

If you have already migrated, or are in the process of migrating, to Windows 2000 and you want to know if .NET has any advantages for you, the New Features checklist at the beginning of each chapter will help guide you to the items you need for your evaluation. At a macro level, I was particularly impressed with the attention to security at all levels, especially IIS, and the improvements to Windows DNS, Active Directory replication, trust relationships between forests, the new Active Directory Migration Tool (ADMT), the integrated Resultant Set of Policy (RSoP) tools for group policy management, and the significant new features in terminal services, the Encrypting File System (EFS), Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), and the Distributed File System (Dfs). I would also call to your attention the overall improvement in performance, stability, and memory handling.

It takes time and money to upgrade a large infrastructure, but with Windows .NET, you will be rewarded with a system that is fast, and handy to manage, and delivers benefits to your users in the form of speed and convenience.

Who This Book Is Not For

I've made the assumption throughout the book that you have experience with Windows NT servers and classic NT domains. If you have an IT background with other operating systems, and you prefer diving into the deep end of the pool when you approach a new subject, I think you'll find sufficient background explanations and references to help guide you through all but the most arcane subject areas. If you are just setting out to learn about Windows and networking technologies, this is not a good place to start.

Because this is a book about .NET servers, if you are primarily concerned with deploying and managing desktops, you may want to check out one of the many books on Windows XP. If you want to know how the server-side features in Windows .NET interoperate with XP and Windows 2000 clients so you can effectively troubleshoot features such as folder redirection, offline files, group policies, resource sharing, name resolution, remote user access, certificate enrollment, EFS, and smart cards, you'll find plenty of details here.

If you are primarily interested in certification on Windows .NET, most of the information you need to pass the exams is here but you may not find it arranged in a way that is conducive to exam preparation. If you want the hands-on experience to go with the paper on the wall, I think you'll benefit from the deployment format of this book as you prepare for the exams.

Because of space limitations, this book does not cover the many new features of Internet Information Services (IIS) 6.0 or all the myriad aspects of application-mode terminal services. It also does not cover the interoperability features for Novell NetWare and Novell Directory Services (NDS), Services for Macintosh (SFM), or Services for Unix (SFU). Chapter 11, "Understanding Network Access Security and Kerberos," contains details of Windows .NET Kerberos interoperability with UNIX-based MITv5 Kerberos.


This book uses the following typographical conventions:

  • A new term is set in italics the first time it is introducedmd for example, Microsoft defines a site as an area of reliable, high-speed network communications.
  • Paths for files, Active Directory objects, Registry keys and values, and group policy settings are set in fixed fontmd for example, the Hosts file is located in the \Windows\System32\Drivers\Etc folder, and DNS zone configuration information is stored in the Registry under HKLM | Software| Microsoft| Windows NT | CurrentVersion | DNS Server | Zones.
  • Screen elements that are clicked, selected/deselected, checked/unchecked, opened/closed, or called out for specific attention are set in a fixed-pitch fontmdfor example, click Add to open the Add Standalone Snap-In window; or, deselect the Bridge All Site Links option to remove global transitive bridging for site links.
  • Menu items are set in small capsmd for example, right-click the My Network Places icon and select PROPERTIES from the flyout menu.
  • Names of graphical utilities and command-line utilities with specialized consoles are shown with an initial capital lettermd for example, the Certificates console allows you to view your personal certificates, and objects representing disabled domain controllers are removed using Ntdsutil.
  • Command-line utilities are set in uppercase when identified by name and in lowercase, fixed font when shown at the command linemdfor example, you can clear negative responses from the local DNS cache using the IPCONFIG utility as follows: ipconfig /flushdns.
  • In paths and commands, placeholders are shown in italicsmd for example, the syntax for the RUNAS command is runas /u:user@domain.root /smartcard.

  • 0735711585P10282002


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    Updates & Corrections

    Untitled Document Page 4 states a limit in Standard Edition of 2 processors. The final Release-to-Manufacturing version has a limit of 4 processors.

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