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Getting Started with iPhones without a Home Button

iPhone models without a Home button are the latest generation and feature larger screens relative to the physical size of the iPhone than prior models had. They also feature Face ID along with improved hardware that makes them work faster than older models. Except for the XR, they have dual or triple cameras on the back that provide for some amazing photographic capabilities, such as enhanced zooming and portrait photos. The iPhone 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max also have a Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) sensor to improve how the cameras capture images, especially in the Night mode.

Getting to Know Your iPhone’s External Features

iPhone models without a Home button have even fewer physical features than prior generations did. These models look like this:

  • Cameras—All iPhone models have one camera on the front at the top near the center of the phone; this is the TrueDepth camera that you use for Face ID, selfies, and Animojis (animated emojis).

    All of these models also have cameras on their backside that you can use to take all sorts of photos and videos. Different models have different camera configurations that provide a variety of capabilities. The iPhone 12 Pro, iPhone 12 Pro Max, iPhone 11 Pro, and 11 Pro Max have three cameras that provide telephoto zoom, night mode, and wide and ultra-wide shots. The iPhone 12 Pro and 12 Pro Max also have a LiDAR sensor to further improve image quality, especially in low-light conditions. The iPhone 11 has two cameras that provide night mode, wide, and ultra-wide shots but not telephoto. The Xs, Xs Max, and X have two cameras that provide wide and telephoto capabilities. The XR has a single camera that can take wide shots.

    When you take photos or video, you can choose the cameras on either side of the phone.

  • Side button—Press this button once to lock the iPhone’s screen and put it to sleep, and press it again to wake the iPhone from Sleep mode. When you hold it down for a couple of seconds, you activate Siri. When Face ID is enabled, you press it twice to use Apple Pay, or download apps from the App Store. Press this button and either Volume button at the same time to take a screenshot. Press and hold this button and either Volume button to turn the phone off or make an emergency call. When your iPhone is turned off, press and hold this until you see the Apple logo on the screen to turn it on again.

  • Mute switch—This switch determines whether the iPhone makes sounds, such as ringing when a call comes in or making the alert noise for notifications, such as for an event on a calendar. Slide it toward the front of the iPhone to hear sounds. Slide it toward the back of the iPhone to mute all sound. When muted, you see orange in the switch.

  • Volume buttons—Press the upper button to increase volume; press the lower button to decrease volume. These buttons are contextual; for example, when you are listening to music, they control the music’s volume, but when you aren’t, they control the ringer volume. When you are using the Camera app, pressing either button takes a photo. You also use these in combination with the Side button to perform various actions (refer to the Side button description).

  • Lightning port—Use this port, located on the bottom side of the iPhone, to plug in the EarPods or connect it to a computer or power adapter using the included USB cable. There are also accessories that connect to this port. The Lightning port accepts Lightning plugs that are flat, thin, rectangular plugs. It doesn’t matter which side is up when you plug something into this port.

  • Speakers and microphone—At the top center of the front of the phone is the speaker you use to listen when you have the phone held against your ear. There are two more speakers located along the bottom edge of the phone. When you play audio without another device (such as wireless headphones) connected to your iPhone, you hear the audio from these speakers. If you’re having a hard time hearing (because of background noise for example), holding this edge to your ear can help.

    There is also a microphone located along the bottom edge that captures sound, such as during a phone conversation, when you aren’t using another device (for example, EarPods).

Accessing the Home Screens

In Chapter 1, you learned the importance of Home screens because most of the tasks for which you use your iPhone start there. On iPhones without a Home button, you move to the Home screens by swiping up from the bottom of the screen. You see a line indicating the area from which you start your swipe; you don’t have to swipe very far to open the Home screens. Just a quick upward gesture from this line will do it.

Configuring a Passcode and Face ID

A passcode is a series of characters that must be entered on your phone to perform specific actions, the most important of which is unlocking your iPhone so you can use it. At other times, you need to enter a passcode to change settings.

You can use an iPhone without a passcode, but I strongly recommend that you always use a passcode to protect your iPhone’s data.

When you use Face ID, you don’t need to type a passcode very often. Instead, you can simply look at your iPhone’s screen; when your face is recognized, the passcode is entered for you automatically.

Face ID can also be used to enter user account information, such as usernames and passwords. So, instead of having to type your passwords, you can simply look at your iPhone to sign into accounts or download apps.

When you first started your iPhone, you were prompted to configure a passcode and Face ID. Even if you have already configured a passcode and Face ID on your phone, you should know how to change your settings in the event you want to make updates and to ensure you’re making the most of Face ID’s capabilities.

Using Face ID

You can use Face ID to quickly, easily, and securely provide a password or passcode in many different situations, such as unlocking your iPhone, downloading apps from the App Store, signing into an account in a banking or other app, and just about any other situation in which you need to confirm your identify.

For example, to download an app using Face ID, move to the app’s screen in the App Store app and tap Get (or the price if there is a license fee). At the prompt, press the Side button twice and look at the phone. When your face is recognized, the app is downloaded and installed. Most of the time, you won’t see the Face ID prompt as shown in the figure because you’re already looking at the screen and so the action happens automatically. If you see this prompt, look more directly at your iPhone’s screen to complete the action.

Using Face ID in other situations is similar. If you see the Face ID prompt, look at the phone. In other cases, you won’t see the prompt and the action you’re performing is completed as soon as your face is recognized.

Sleeping/Locking and Waking/Unlocking Your iPhone

As you learned in Chapter 1, you can manually lock your iPhone, which also puts it to sleep. It’s a good idea to do this when you aren’t using your phone to both save battery power and secure your information. (You can configure this to happen automatically as explained in Chapter 7.)

To put your iPhone to sleep and lock it, press the Side button. The screen goes dark and the phone locks.

When an iPhone is asleep/locked, you need to wake it up to use it. You can do this in several ways: touch the screen, press the Side button, or raise the iPhone. (See Chapter 7 to learn how to enable or disable this Raise to Wake feature.) The Lock screen appears. If you are looking at the phone, it also unlocks immediately. On the Lock screen, you can tell if the phone is locked or unlocked by the Lock icon.

After your iPhone is unlocked, swipe up from the bottom of the screen. You move back to the screen you most recently used. For example, if you were using the Safari app right before your phone locked, you move back to that app.

Most of the time, unlocking your phone is so seamless that you might not even realize that Face ID has been used. When you wake your phone, you can just swipe up the screen to unlock it. Face ID works quickly, and, as long as you are looking at the phone when you swipe up the screen, you won’t even notice Face ID unlocking the phone for you.

Turning Your iPhone Off or On

You seldom need to turn your iPhone off, but you might want to shut if off if you aren’t going to be using it for a while or for troubleshooting purposes.

To turn your iPhone off, press and hold the Side button and either Volume button. Several sliders appear on the screen; swipe the top slider to the right. The phone turns off.

To restart your iPhone, press and hold the Side button until the Apple logo appears on the screen, and then let go of the button.

After it starts up, you see the Lock screen. To use the phone, swipe up from the bottom of the screen. Assuming you have a passcode, you see the Enter Passcode screen. Enter your passcode and tap OK (if required) to start using your phone; once your passcode is entered correctly, you move to the Home screen. (Even if you have Face ID enabled to unlock your phone, you must enter your passcode the first time you unlock it after a restart.)

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