- Simple Variables
- The const Qualifier
- Floating-Point Numbers
- C++ Arithmetic Operators
- Summary
- Review Questions
- Programming Exercises

## Programming Exercises

Write a short program that asks for your height in integer inches and then converts your height to feet and inches. Have the program use the underscore character to indicate where to type the response. Also, use a

`const`symbolic constant to represent the conversion factor.Write a short program that asks for your height in feet and inches and your weight in pounds. (Use three variables to store the information.) Have the program report your body mass index (BMI). To calculate the BMI, first convert your height in feet and inches to your height in inches (1 foot = 12 inches). Then, convert your height in inches to your height in meters by multiplying by 0.0254. Then, convert your weight in pounds into your mass in kilograms by dividing by 2.2. Finally, compute your BMI by dividing your mass in kilograms by the square of your height in meters. Use symbolic constants to represent the various conversion factors.

Write a program that asks the user to enter a latitude in degrees, minutes, and seconds and that then displays the latitude in decimal format. There are 60 seconds of arc to a minute and 60 minutes of arc to a degree; represent these values with symbolic constants. You should use a separate variable for each input value. A sample run should look like this:

Write a program that asks the user to enter the number of seconds as an integer value (use type

`long`) and that then displays the equivalent time in days, hours, minutes, and seconds. Use symbolic constants to represent the number of hours in the day, the number of minutes in an hour, and the number of seconds in a minute. The output should look like this:Write a program that asks how many miles you have driven and how many gallons of gasoline you have used and then reports the miles per gallon your car has gotten. Or, if you prefer, the program can request distance in kilometers and petrol in liters and then report the result European style, in liters per 100 kilometers.

Write a program that asks you to enter an automobile gasoline consumption figure in the European style (liters per 100 kilometers) and converts to the U.S. style of miles per gallon. Note that in addition to using different units of measurement, the U.S approach (distance / fuel) is the inverse of the European approach (fuel / distance). Note that 100 kilometers is 62.14 miles, and 1 gallon is 3.875 liters. Thus, 19 mpg is about 12.4 l/100 km, and 27 mpg is about 8.7 l/100 km.

Enter a latitude in degrees, minutes, and seconds: First, enter the degrees:37Next, enter the minutes of arc:51Finally, enter the seconds of arc:1937 degrees, 51 minutes, 19 seconds = 37.8553 degrees

Enter the number of seconds:3160000031600000 seconds = 365 days, 46 minutes, 40 seconds