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This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

ServerVariables

Another collection provided by the Request object is ServerVariables. Any HTTP header that is sent by a client browser is available in this collection with code such as the following:

Dim strValueData as String
strValueData = Request.ServerVariable( "HeaderType" )

The standard HTTP headers are automatically defined as members of the ServerVariables collection. For example, when form data is sent to the server, the method by which it was sent can be determined from

Dim strRequestMethod as String
strRequestMethod = Request.ServerVariables( "REQUEST_METHOD" )
' Either GET or POST

You can also use the QUERY_STRING header to obtain the original unadulterated query string that was passed to the server from the browser. A great many headers are available in this collection; and some have been processed and presented in collections such a QueryString and others have not. Table 3.3 has a list of the HTTP header types that are available.

Table 3.3 The HTTP Header Types

Type

Description

ALL_HTTP

All HTTP headers sent by the client.

ALL_RAW

Retrieves all headers in their raw form. The difference between ALL_RAW and ALL_HTTP is that ALL_HTTP places an HTTP_ prefix before the header name and the header name is always capitalized. In ALL_RAW the header name and values appear as they were sent by the client.

APPL_MD_PATH

Retrieves the metabase path for the (WAM) Application for the ISAPI DLL.

APPL_PHYSICAL_PATH

Retrieves the physical path corresponding to the metabase path. IIS converts the APPL_MD_PATH to the physical (directory) path to return this value.

AUTH_PASSWORD

The value entered in the client's authentication dialog box. This variable is available only if Basic authentication is used.

AUTH_TYPE

The authentication method that the server uses to validate users when they attempt to access a protected script.

AUTH_USER

Raw authenticated username.

CERT_COOKIE

Unique ID for client certificate. Returned as a string. Can be used as a signature for the whole client certificate.

CERT_FLAGS

If the client certificate is present, bit0 is set to 1. If the Certifying Authority of the client certificate is invalid (not in the list of recognized CA on the server), bit1 is set to 1.

CERT_ISSUER

Issuer field of the client certificate (O=MS, OU=IAS, CN=user name, C=USA).

CERT_KEYSIZE

Number of bits in Secure Sockets Layer connection key size. For example, 128.

CERT_SECRETKEYSIZE

Number of bits in server certificate private key. For example, 1024.

CERT_SERIALNUMBER

Serial number field of the client certificate.

CERT_SERVER_ISSUER

Issuer field of the server certificate.

CERT_SERVER_SUBJECT

Subject field of the server certificate.

CERT_SUBJECT

Subject field of the client certificate.

CONTENT_LENGTH

The length of the content as given by the client.

CONTENT_TYPE

The data type of the content. Used with queries that have attached information, such as the HTTP queries GET, POST, and PUT.

GATEWAY_INTERFACE

The revision of the CGI specification used by the server. The format is CGI/revision.

HTTP_<HeaderName>

The value stored in the header HeaderName. Any header other than those listed in this table must be prefixed by HTTP_ for the ServerVariables collection to retrieve its value.

HTTP_ACCEPT

Returns the value of the Accept header.

HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE

Returns a string describing the language to use for displaying content.

HTTP_USER_AGENT

Returns a string describing the browser that sent the request.

HTTP_COOKIE

Returns the cookie string that was included with the request.

HTTP_REFERER

Returns a string containing the URL of the page that referred the request to the current page, but does not include redirect requests.

HTTPS

Returns ON if the request came in through a secure channel (SSL) or it returns OFF if the request is for a non-secure channel.

HTTPS_KEYSIZE

Number of bits in Secure Sockets Layer connection key size. For example, 128.

HTTPS_SECRETKEYSIZE

Number of bits in server certificate private key. For example, 1024.

HTTPS_SERVER_ISSUER

Issuer field of the server certificate.

HTTPS_SERVER_SUBJECT

Subject field of the server certificate.

INSTANCE_ID

The ID for the IIS instance in textual format. If the instance ID is 1, it appears as a string. You can use this variable to retrieve the ID of the Web server instance (in the metabase) to which the request belongs.

INSTANCE_META_PATH

The metabase path for the instance of IIS that responds to the request.

LOCAL_ADDR

Returns the server address on which the request came in. This is important on multi-homed machines where multiple IP addresses can be bound to a machine and you want to find out which address the request used.

LOGON_USER

The Windows NT account that the user is logged into.

PATH_INFO

Extra path information as given by the client. You can access a script by using its virtual path and the PATH_INFO server variable. If this information comes from a URL, the server decodes it before passing it to the CGI script.

PATH_TRANSLATED

A translated version of PATH_INFO that takes the path and performs any necessary virtual-to-physical mapping.

QUERY_STRING

Query information stored in the string following the question mark (?) in the HTTP request.

REMOTE_ADDR

The IP address of the remote host making the request.

REMOTE_HOST

The name of the host making the request. If the server does not have this information, it sets REMOTE_ADDR and leaves this header empty.

REMOTE_USER

Unmapped username string sent in by the user. This is the name that is really sent by the user as opposed to the ones that are modified by any authentication filter installed on the server.

REQUEST_METHOD

The method used to make the request. For HTTP, this is GET, HEAD, POST, and so on.

SCRIPT_NAME

A virtual path to the script being executed. This is used for self-referencing URLs.

SERVER_NAME

The server's host name, DNS alias, or IP address as it would appear in self-referencing URLs.

SERVER_PORT

The port number to which the request was sent.

SERVER_PORT_SECURE

A string that contains either 0 or 1. If the request is being handled on the secure port, then this is 1. Otherwise, it is 0.

SERVER_PROTOCOL

The name and revision of the request information protocol. The format is protocol/revision.

SERVER_SOFTWARE

The name and version of the server software that answers the request and runs the gateway. The format is name/version.

URL

Gives the base portion of the URL.


It's easy to use the Request.ServerVariables() method to find out some interesting information. The following code retrieves a list of helpful items and displays them in the HTML document:

REMOTE_ADDR: <%=Request.ServerVariables("REMOTE_ADDR")%><br>
REMOTE_HOST: <%=Request.ServerVariables("REMOTE_HOST")%><br>
REMOTE_USER: <%=Request.ServerVariables("REMOTE_USER")%><br>
REQUEST_METHOD: <%=Request.ServerVariables("REQUEST_METHOD")%><br>
SERVER_NAME: <%=Request.ServerVariables("SERVER_NAME")%><br>
SERVER_PORT: <%=Request.ServerVariables("SERVER_PORT")%><br>
SERVER_PROTOCOL: <%=Request.ServerVariables("SERVER_PROTOCOL")%><br>
SERVER_SOFTWARE: <%=Request.ServerVariables("SERVER_SOFTWARE")%><br>
URL: <%=Request.ServerVariables("URL")%><br>

NOTE

This code is part of the page that you can find at http://www.UsingASP.net, selecting Chapter Examples, Chapter 3, then ServerVariables. You can see the rendered page in Figure 3.15.

Figure 3.15 Some server variables are shown here in the browser window.

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