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This chapter is from the book

Managing Language Codes

Language codes are the two-letter codes used to define a document's language. They are specifically useful when internationalizing documents. Language codes are standardized by the International Standards Organization (ISO) and are case-insensitive.

Table 3.4 defines the standardized language codes available for use in HTML and XHTML.

Table 3.4 ISO 639 Two-Character Language Codes

Language

Code

Language

Code

Abkhazian

AB

Lithuanian

LT

Afan (Oromo)

OM

Macedonian

MK

Afar

AA

Malagasy

MG

Afrikaans

AF

Malay

MS

Albanian

SQ

Malayalam

ML

Amharic

AM

Maltese

MT

Arabic

AR

Maori

MI

Armenian

HY

Marathi

MR

Assamese

AS

Moldavian

MO

Aymara

AY

Mongolian

MN

Azerbaijani

AZ

Nauru

NA

Bashkir

BA

Nepali

NE

Basque

EU

Norwegian

NO

Bengali; Bangla

BN

Occitan

OC

Bhutani

DZ

Oriya

OR

Bihari

BH

Pashto; Pushto

PS

Bislama

BI

Persian (Farsi)

FA

Breton

BR

Polish

PL

Bulgarian

BG

Portuguese

PT

Burmese

MY

Punjabi

PA

Byelorussian

BE

Quechua

QU

Cambodian

KM

Rhaeto-Romance

RM

Catalan

CA

Romanian

RO

Chinese

ZH

Russian

RU

Corsican

CO

Samoan

SM

Croatian

HR

Sangho

SG

Czech

CS

Sanskrit

SA

Danish

DA

Scots Gaelic

GD

Dutch

NL

Serbian

SR

English

EN

Serbo-Croatian

SH

Esperanto

EO

Sesotho

ST

Estonian

ET

Setswana

TN

Faroese

FO

Shona

SN

Fiji

FJ

Sindhi

SD

Finnish

FI

Singhalese

SI

French

FR

Siswati

SS

Frisian

FY

Slovak

SK

Galician

GL

Slovenian

SL

Georgian

KA

Somali

SO

German

DE

Spanish

ES

Greek

EL

Sudanese

SU

Greenlandic

KL

Swahili

SW

Guarani

GN

Swedish

SV

Gujarati

GU

Tagalog

TL

Hausa

HA

Tajik

TG

Hebrew

HE

Tamil

TA

Hindi

HI

Tatar

TT

Hungarian

HU

Telugu

TE

Icelandic

IS

Thai

TH

Indonesian

ID

Tibetan

BO

Interlingua

IA

Tigrinya

TI

Interlingue

IE

Tonga

TO

Inuktitut

IU

Tsonga

TS

Inupiak

IK

Turkish

TR

Irish

GA

Turkmen

TK

Italian

IT

Twi

TW

Japanese

JA

Uigur

UG

Javanese

JV

Ukrainian

UK

Kannada

KN

Urdu

UR

Kashmiri

KS

Uzbek

UZ

Kazakh

KK

Vietnamese

VI

Kinyarwanda

RW

Volapuk

VO

Kirghiz

KY

Welsh

CY

Kurundi

RN

Wolof

WO

Korean

KO

Xhosa

XH

Kurdish

KU

Yiddish

YI

Laothian

LO

Yoruba

YO

Latin

LA

Zhuang

ZA

Latvian; Lettish

LV

Zulu

ZU

Lingala

LN

 

 


NOTE

Source: http://www.oasis-open.org/cover/iso639a.html.

For more information on ISO 639 language codes, please see the International Standards Organization Web site, http://www.iso.org.

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