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This chapter is from the book

Key Terms

  • Workforce planning and employment (WPE)
  • Executive orders
  • Title VII of the Civil Rights Act, 1964
  • Bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ)
  • Seniority systems
  • Piece-rate systems
  • Protected classes
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC)
  • Executive Order 11246, 1965
  • Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP)
  • Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (UGESP), 1978
  • Adverse impact (also known as “disparate impact”)
  • Reliability
  • Validity

    • Content validity
    • Criterion-related validity
    • Construct validity
    • Predictive validity
  • Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA), 1967
  • Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA), 1970
  • Equal Employment Opportunity Act, 1972
  • Rehabilitation Act, 1973

    • Section 503
    • Section 504
    • Section 508
  • Pregnancy Discrimination Act, 1978
  • Immigration Reform and Control Act (IRCA), 1986

    • I-9 form
  • Drug-Free Workplace Act, 1988
  • Department of Labor (DOL)
  • Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (WARNA), 1988

    • Mass layoff
    • Plant closing
  • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), 1990

    • Individual with a disability
    • Qualified person
    • Reasonable accommodation
    • Undue hardship
    • Major life activities
  • Civil Rights Act of 1991

    • Compensatory damages
    • Punitive damages
  • Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA), 1993

    • Covered employers
    • Eligible employees
    • Leave entitlement
    • Serious health condition
  • Uniformed Services Employment and Reemployment Rights Act (USERRA), 1994
  • Department of Justice
  • Congressional Accountability Act (CAA), 1995
  • Americans with Disabilities Act Amendments Act (ADAAA), 2008

    • Qualified exigency leave
    • Military caregiver leave
  • Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA), 2008
  • Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act, 2009
  • Griggs v. Duke Power, 1971
  • McDonnell Douglas Corp v. Green, 1973
  • Albemarle Paper v. Moody, 1975
  • Washington v. Davis, 1976
  • Regents of California v. Bakke, 1978
  • United Steelworkers v. Weber, 1979
  • Meritor Savings Bank v. Vinson, 1986
  • Johnson v. Santa Clara County Transportation Agency, 1987
  • Martin v. Wilks, 1988
  • Automobile Workers v. Johnson Controls, 1990
  • Harris v. Forklift Systems, 1993
  • Taxman v. Board of Education of Piscataway, 1993
  • St. Mary’s Honor Center v. Hicks, 1993
  • McKennon v. Nashville Banner Publishing Co., 1995
  • Faragher v. City of Boca Raton, 1998, and Ellerth v. Burlington Northern Industries, 1998
  • Kolstad v. American Dental Association, 1999
  • Grutter v. Bollinger and Gratz v. Bollinger, 2003
  • Circuit City Stores, Inc. v. Adams, 2001
  • General Dynamics Land Systems v. Cline, 2004
  • Ricci v. DeStefano, 2009
  • Protected class
  • Discrimination

    • Disparate (or “adverse”) treatment
    • Disparate (or “adverse”) impact
    • Bottom-line approach
    • “Four-fifths” rule:
    • Perpetuating past discrimination
  • Harassment:

    • Sexual harassment
    • Quid pro quo sexual harassment
    • Hostile work environment sexual harassment
  • Equal Employment Opportunity (EEO)
  • Charge
  • Charging party
  • Complainant
  • Plaintiff
  • Respondent
  • Fair Employment Practices Agencies (FEPAs)
  • Reasonable cause
  • Right to sue letter
  • Relief
  • Remedies
  • Back pay
  • Front pay
  • Job analysis
  • Job description
  • Job specifications
  • Job competencies
  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Abilities
  • KSAs
  • Essential and nonessential job functions
  • Job specifications (or “specs”)
  • Credentials
  • Recruiting
  • Selection
  • Employer branding
  • Relevant labor market
  • Selection criteria
  • Internal and external recruiting
  • Job posting
  • Job bidding
  • Succession planning
  • Social media
  • Employment agencies

    • Employment agencies — state
    • Employment agencies —temporary
    • Private employment agencies (also known as private search firms
    • Contingency employment agencies/search firms
    • Retained employment agencies/search firms
  • Employee referral
  • Nontraditional staffing alternatives
  • Outsourcing
  • Request for Proposal (RFP)
  • Preemployment testing

    • Agility tests
    • Aptitude tests
    • Assessment center
    • Cognitive ability tests
    • Integrity, or honesty, tests
    • Medical tests
    • Personality tests
    • Preemployment drug testing
    • Prepromotion drug testing
  • Yield ratio
  • Cost per hire
  • Turnover analysis
  • Employment application
  • Résumés
  • Short- form employment applications
  • Long- form employment applications
  • Job- specific employment applications
  • Weighted employment applications
  • Interview

    • Directive interviews
    • Nondirective interviews
    • Phone interviews
    • Prescreen interviews
    • Behavior-based interviews
    • Stress interviews
    • One-on-one versus panel/team interviews
  • Nonverbal communication cues (“nonverbals”)
  • Interviewer errors

    • Contrast error
    • First impression error
    • Halo error
    • Horns error
    • Leniency error
    • Strictness error
    • Recency error
    • Similar-to-me error
  • Realistic job previews (RJP)
  • Background checks
  • Employment contracts
  • Onboarding (also referred to as “employee orientation”)
  • Relocation
  • Involuntary terminations
  • Layoffs
  • Voluntary terminations
  • Constructive discharge
  • Wrongful termination/discharge
  • Exit interviews
  • Severance packages
  • EAP
  • Outplacement support
  • Severance package
  • Affirmative Action Plan (AAP)

    • Designation of responsibility
    • Organizational display or workforce analysis
    • Job group analysis
    • Availability analysis
    • Utilization analysis
    • Placement goals
    • Action- oriented programs
    • Identification of problem areas
    • Internal audit and reporting system
  • Vietnam Era Veterans’ Readjustment Assistance Act (VEVRAA), 1974
  • VETS-100/VETS 100A
  • Sherman Antitrust Act, 1890
  • Equal Pay Act, 1963
  • Lag the market
  • Lead the market
  • Match the market
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