Using timers allows you to delay the execution of code so that it does not need to happen at the exact moment an event is triggered or the page is loaded. The following phrases show you how to create timers to delay code execution and to apply recurring actions.
Adding a Delay Timer
To simply delay the execution of code for a certain amount of time, use the setTimeout(code, ms) method, where code is either a statement or a function that executes when the time expires. ms is the number of milliseconds. For example, to execute a function named myTimer() in 10 seconds, you would use the following:
Cancel a Timer
At any point before the time runs out and the code is executed, you can clear the timer by calling the clearTimeout(id) method using the ID returned from setTimeout(). Once the timer has been cleared, it does not execute. You need to keep track of the ID returned from setTimeout() using a variable.
Adding a Recurring Timer
You can also start a timer that triggers on a regular interval using the setInterval(function, ms) method. This method also accepts a function name and milliseconds as arguments. Inside the function, you need to call set interval again on the same function so that the code will be called again.
To turn off the recurring timer, simply do not call setInterval() again inside the timer function, or use clearInterval() outside the function.