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A Note on Integrated Teamwork: Cross-Disciplinary, Multidisciplinary, Interdisciplinary, and Transdisciplinary

Throughout the book, you will see the four terms used at times interchangeably because our authors each prefer a different term for various types of integrated teamwork. As a basic overview, we offer this explanation: Cross-disciplinary and multidisciplinary are both additive (2+5=7) and imply both a dependency across functions for performance and a cumulative impact from integration. Interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary both refer to the fuller integration of functions and as such are multiplicative (2×5=10), offering a transformative impact. In both interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary endeavors the whole becomes much more than the sum of its parts. This book offers examples, tools, frameworks, and tactics for all cross-disciplinary/multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary/transdisciplinary endeavors.

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