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This chapter is from the book

This chapter is from the book

Using Mixed Cell References

A mixed cell reference is either an absolute column and relative row or absolute row and relative column. When you add the $ before the column letter you create an absolute column or before the row number you create an absolute row. For example, $A1 is absolute for column A and relative for row 1, and A$1 is absolute for row 1 and relative for column A. If you copy or fill the formula across rows or down columns, the relative references adjust, and the absolute ones don’t adjust.

Create a Mixed Reference

  • yellow-01.jpg Click a cell where you want to enter a formula.
  • yellow-02.jpg Type = (an equal sign) to begin the formula.
  • yellow-03.jpg Select the cells you want to use and then complete the formula.
  • yellow-04.jpg Click the insertion point in the formula bar, and then type $ before the column or row you want to make absolute.
  • yellow-05.jpg Click the Enter button on the formula bar, or press Enter.
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