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CISSP Practice Questions: Software Development Security

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This chapter is from the book
This chapter gives you some specific areas of knowledge to be familiar with for the CISSP exam and provides sample questions to test your familiarity with those areas.

The Software Development Security domain is concerned with the security controls used by applications during their design, development, and use. Individuals studying this domain should understand the security and controls of application security, which includes the systems development process, application controls, and knowledge-based systems. Test candidates should also understand the concepts used to ensure data and application integrity. The following list gives you some specific areas of knowledge to be familiar with for the CISSP exam:

  • SDLC (software development life cycle)
  • Change (life cycle) management
  • Database security
  • Artificial Intelligence systems
  • Mobile code
  • Malware, viruses, and worms

Practice Questions

  1. Which of the following is not a valid database management system model?
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    A.

    The hierarchical database management system

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    B.

    The structured database management system

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    C.

    The network database management system

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    D.

    The relational database management system

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  2. During which stage of the software development life cycle should security be implemented?
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    A.

    Development

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    B.

    Project initiation

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    C.

    Deployment

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    D.

    Installation

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  3. In which software development life cycle phase do the programmers and developers become deeply involved and do the majority of the work?
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    A.

    System Design Specifications

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    B.

    Software Development

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    C.

    Operation and Maintenance

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    D.

    Functional Design Analysis and Planning

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  4. In the software development life cycle, what is used to maintain changes to development or production?
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    A.

    Certification

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    B.

    Audit control team

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    C.

    Manufacturing review board

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    D.

    Change control

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  5. What is the most-used type of database management system?
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    A.

    The hierarchical database management system

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    B.

    The structured database management system

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    C.

    The network database management system

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    D.

    The relational database management system

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  6. Place the software development life cycle phases in the proper order.
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Initiation, software development, functional design analysis, operation, installation, disposal

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    B.

    Initiation, software development, functional design analysis, installation, operation, disposal

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    C.

    Initiation, functional design analysis, software development, installation, operation, disposal

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    D.

    Initiation, functional design analysis, software development, operation, installation, disposal

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  7. Which of the following statements about Java applets is correct?
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    A.

    They are downloaded from a server.

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    B.

    They are not restricted in computer memory.

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    C.

    They are run from the browser.

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    D.

    They are executed by your system.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  8. Which of the following is a valid system development methodology?
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    A.

    The spring model

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    B.

    The spiral model

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    C.

    The production model

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    D.

    The Gantt model

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  9. Which of the following best describes the Waterfall model?
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    A.

    The Waterfall model states that development is built one stage at a time, at which point the results flow to the next stage.

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    B.

    The Waterfall model states that development should progress in a parallel fashion, with a strong change control process being used to validate the process.

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    C.

    The Waterfall model states that the development process proceeds in a series of discrete steps, each completed before proceeding to the next.

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    D.

    The Waterfall model states that all the various phases of software development should proceed at the same time.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  10. Your friend is trying to learn more about databases and their structure. She wants to know what a tuple is.
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    A.

    A description of the structure of the database

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    B.

    A “row” in a relational database that might be viewed as being similar to a “record” in a flat file

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    C.

    An ordered set of values within a row in the database table

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    D.

    Something that uniquely identifies each row in a table

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  11. Which of the software development life cycle phases is the point at which new systems need to be configured and steps need to be taken to make sure that security features are being used in the intended way?
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    A.

    System Design Specifications

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    B.

    Operation and Maintenance

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    C.

    Functional Design Analysis and Planning

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    D.

    Installation and Implementation

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 260

  12. Your CISSP study group has asked you to research information about databases. Specifically, they want you to describe what metadata is. What is your response?
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    A.

    Metadata is data that describes data.

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    B.

    Metadata is the data used in knowledge-based systems.

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    C.

    Metadata is used for fraud detection.

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    D.

    Metadata is the data used for metadictionaries.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  13. Jamie, your assistant, is taking some classes on database controls and security features. She wants to know what aggregation is. How will you answer her?
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    A.

    It is the process of combining data into large groups that can be used for data mining.

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    B.

    It is the process of combining security privileges to gain access to objects that would normally be beyond your level of rights.

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    C.

    It is the process of combining items of low sensitivity to produce an item of high sensitivity.

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    D.

    It is the process of combining several databases to view a virtual table.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  14. What term describes users’ ability to infer or deduce information about data at sensitivity levels for which they do not have access privileges or rights?
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    A.

    Views

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    B.

    Inference

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    C.

    Channeled view

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    D.

    Presumption

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  15. Which of the following best describes a database schema?
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    A.

    The structure of the database

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    A.

    The capability of different versions of the same information to exist at different classification levels within the database

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    A.

    An ordered set of values within a row in the database table

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    A.

    Something that uniquely identifies each row in a table

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  16. Which type of malware is considered self-replicating?
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    A.

    Boot sector

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    A.

    Meme virus

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    A.

    Script virus

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    A.

    Worm

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  17. Ashwin is building your company’s new data warehouse. In a meeting, he said, “Data in the data warehouse needs to be normalized.” What does this mean?
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    A.

    Data is divided by a common value.

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    A.

    Data is restricted to a range of values.

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    A.

    Data is averaged.

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    A.

    Redundant data is removed.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  18. Which of the following best describes the term “data dictionary”?
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    A.

    A dictionary for programmers

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    B.

    A database of databases

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    C.

    A virtual table of the rows and tables from two or more combined databases

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    D.

    A dictionary used within a database

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  19. Which of the following best describes data mining?
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    A.

    The use of data to analyze trends and support strategic decisions

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    B.

    The use of data to determine how the information was collected and formatted

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    C.

    The process of querying databases for metadata

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    D.

    The process of adjusting the granularity of a database search

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  20. Jerry has top-secret access to a database and can see that the USS Yorktown has left for Iraq. Ted has only public access to the same database. He can see that the ship has left port. However, the record shows that it is bound for Spain. What is this called?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Polyinstantiation

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    B.

    Tuple

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    C.

    Schema

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    D.

    Knowledgebase system

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  21. Which of the software development life cycle phases is the point at which a project plan is developed, test schedules are assigned, and expectations of the product are outlined?
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    A.

    Software Development

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    B.

    Functional Design Analysis and Planning

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    C.

    Project Initiation

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    D.

    System Design Specifications

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  22. Data checks and validity checks are examples of what type of application controls?
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    A.

    Preventive

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    B.

    Constructive

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    C.

    Detective

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    D.

    Corrective

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  23. Which of the following is not a valid form of application control?
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    A.

    Preventive

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    B.

    Constructive

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    C.

    Detective

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    D.

    Corrective

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  24. What document guarantees the quality of a service to a subscriber by a network service provider, setting standards on response times, available bandwidth, and system up times?
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    A.

    Service-level agreement

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    B.

    Service agreement

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    C.

    Business continuity agreement

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    D.

    Business provider agreement

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  25. Which of the following is not one of the three main components of a SQL database?
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    A.

    Views

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    B.

    Schemas

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    C.

    Tables

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    D.

    Object-oriented interfaces

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  26. Cyclic redundancy checks, structured walk-throughs, and hash totals are examples of what type of application controls?
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    A.

    Detective

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    B.

    Preventive

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    C.

    Error checking

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    D.

    Parity

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 261

  27. Christine has been alerted by her IDS that a web server on her network was attacked. While examining a trace of the ICMP traffic, she noticed that the attacker’s packets were addressed to the network broadcast address and were spoofed to be from her web server. What type of attack has she been subjected to?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Smurf

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    B.

    LAND

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    C.

    Fraggle

    circle.jpg

    D.

    SYN flood

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  28. Which of the following best describes the OS protection mechanism that mediates all access that subjects have to objects to ensure that the subjects have the necessary rights to access the objects?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Accountability control

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    B.

    Reference monitor

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    C.

    Security kernel

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    D.

    Security perimeter

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  29. Which of the following describes mobile code?
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    A.

    Code that can be used on a handheld device

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    B.

    Code that can be used on several different platforms, such as Windows, Mac, and Linux

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    C.

    Code that can be executed within a network browser

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    D.

    A script that can be executed within an Office document

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  30. Black Hat Bob has just attacked Widget, Inc.’s network. Although the attack he perpetrated did not give him access to the company’s network, it did prevent legitimate users from gaining access to network resources. What type of attack did he launch?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Spoofing

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    B.

    TOC/TOU

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    C.

    ICMP redirect

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    D.

    DoS

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  31. Java-enabled web browsers allow Java code to be embedded in a web page, downloaded across the Net, and run on a local computer. This makes the security of the local computer a big concern. With this in mind, how does the Java runtime system ensure secure execution of the Java code?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Digital certificates

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    B.

    Sandbox

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    C.

    Applet boundaries

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    D.

    Defense-in-depth

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  32. Chandra wants to learn more about the Software Capability Maturity Model. Help her put the five levels of this model in the proper order, from 1 to 5.
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Initiating, defined, repeatable, optimizing, managed

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    B.

    Initiating, defined, repeatable, managed, optimizing

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    C.

    Initiating, repeatable, defined, managed, optimizing

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Initiating, repeatable, defined, optimizing, managed

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  33. Which of the following Software CMM levels is the step at which project management processes and practices are institutionalized and locked into place by policies, procedures, and guidelines?
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    A.

    Defined

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    B.

    Repeatable

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    C.

    Initiating

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    D.

    Managed

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  34. Which of the following technologies establishes a trust relationship between the client and the server by using digital certificates to guarantee that the server is trusted?
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    A.

    ActiveX

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    B.

    Java

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    C.

    Proxy

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    D.

    Agent

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  35. What is the process of cataloging all versions of a component configuration called?
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    A.

    The configuration library

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    B.

    The component library

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    C.

    The catalog database

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    D.

    The software component library

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  36. Which of the following best describes a covert storage channel?
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    A.

    It is a communication channel that violates normal communication channels.

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    B.

    It is a storage process that writes to storage in an unauthorized manner that typically is undetectable and written through an unsecure channel.

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    C.

    It is a communication path that allows two processes to access the same storage and allows the contents to be read through a separate, less-secure channel.

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    D.

    It is a storage process that requires the application of a root kit.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  37. Which of the following is not one of the three ways in which inference can be achieved?
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    A.

    Preventive

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    B.

    Deductive

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    C.

    Abductive

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    D.

    Statistical

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 262

  38. Raj has been studying database security features. He reads that two control policies are used to protect relational databases. He remembers that one is MAC, but he has forgotten the second one. Which one is it?
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    A.

    PAC

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    B.

    DAC

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    C.

    SAC

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    D.

    RBAC

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  39. Boyd just downloaded a game from a peer-to-peer network. Although the game seemed to install OK, his computer now is acting strangely. The mouse cursor moves by itself, URLs are opening on their own, and his web camera keeps turning itself on. What has happened?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    A logic bomb was installed.

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    B.

    A RAT (Remote-Access Trojan) was installed.

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    C.

    A DDoS client was installed.

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    D.

    An email virus was installed.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  40. What is the goal of CRM?
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    A.

    To learn the behavior and buying habits of your customers

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    B.

    To search for recurrences in data that can aid in making predictions about future events

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    C.

    To uncover events that are interconnected

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    D.

    To hunt for instances of events that are followed up by other events after a certain period

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  41. What technology is based on the methods by which the human brain is believed to work?
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    A.

    Neutron networks

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    B.

    Fuzzy logic

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    C.

    Neuron networks

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Neural technology

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  42. Now that your organization is preparing to retire its mainframe systems, you are asked to look at a distributed system as the replacement. What five requirements should a distributed system meet?
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    A.

    Interoperability, scalability, transparency, extensibility, control

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    B.

    Interoperability, portability, transparency, extensibility, security

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    C.

    Interoperability, portability, transparency, extensibility, control

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Interoperability, scalability, transparency, extensibility, security

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  43. George receives an email that did not come from the individual listed in the email. What is the process of changing email message names to look as though they came from someone else?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Spoofing

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    B.

    Masquerading

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    C.

    Relaying

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Redirecting

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  44. Raj is still studying database design and security. Can you tell him what cardinality means?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    The number of rows in a relation

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    B.

    The number of fields in a relation

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    C.

    The number of attributes in a field

    circle.jpg

    D.

    The number of attributes in a relation

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  45. Wes asks you to help him prepare a practice test for your CISSP study group. Can you tell him which of the following relationships is incorrect?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Relation = table

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    B.

    Record = attribute

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    C.

    Tuple = row

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Attribute = column

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  46. Joey has been reading about databases and application security. He has asked you to define perturbation for him. Which of the following offers the best answer?
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    A.

    It is used to protect against polyinstantiation.

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    B.

    It is a tool used to prevent aggregation.

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    C.

    It is a tool used to aid in data mining.

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    D.

    It is a tool used to fight inference attacks.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  47. SubSeven and NetBus typically are placed in which of the following categories?
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    A.

    Virus

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    B.

    Trapdoor

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    C.

    Backdoor

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Malware

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  48. Jennifer’s network has been hit by the following attack pattern: The attacker made many connection attempts to FTP. Each time, the handshake was not completed, and the source addresses were spoofed. The result was that legitimate users could not FTP to that computer. Which type of attack does this attack pattern match?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    ACK attack

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    B.

    Teardrop

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Fraggle

    circle.jpg

    D.

    SYN flood

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  49. What is the point in the software development life cycle phase at which information may need to be archived or discarded and a team may be assembled to examine ways to improve subsequent iterations of this or other products?
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    A.

    Revision and Replacement

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    B.

    Functional Design Analysis and Planning

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    C.

    Disposal and Postmortem Review

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    D.

    System Design Specifications

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 263

  50. Which type of virus can spread by multiple methods?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Multipartite

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    B.

    Polymorphic

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    C.

    Double partite

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    D.

    Prolific

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  51. Polyinstantiation is a solution used by which of the following to remedy multiparty update conflicts?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Database locking

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    B.

    SODA

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    C.

    GREP

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Belief-based model

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  52. The following security labels exist on a network operating in a multilevel security mode:

    Label

    Jack

    John

    File A

    File B

    File C

    File D

    Sensitivity

    Top-Secret

    Secret

    Secret

    Secret

    Top-Secret

    Top-Secret

    Categories

    North

    East

    East

    East

    East

    North

    South

    West

    West

    West

    East

    West

    Jack edits file B and file C simultaneously and then saves both. Which files can John now access?

    circle.jpg

    A.

    Files A, B, C, and D

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Files A, B, and C

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Files A and B

    circle.jpg

    D.

    File A

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  53. Which generation of code development is most likely to focus on constraints?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Generation 5

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    B.

    Generation 4

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    C.

    Generation 3

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Generation 2

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  54. The network administrator has been analyzing network reports and is convinced that the network has been the victim of a SYN flooding DoS attack. What evidence might have been discovered that would support this conclusion?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Customers reporting that their connection requests were rerouted to a malicious web server

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    B.

    The web server crashing with each request

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Excessive traffic on the front-end load-balancing servers

    circle.jpg

    D.

    IDS logs of incoming malformed packets

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  55. Which language, when used for development of your company’s front-end application, results in a program that is least likely to have vulnerable code?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Machine code

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    B.

    Assembler code

    circle.jpg

    C.

    C code

    circle.jpg

    D.

    SQL code

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  56. In your corporation, it is critical that the metadata surrounding business data be revealed to only the proper authorities, even though all employees require access to the business data. Access to the metadata is being controlled through the use of views so that only the appropriate authorities have deeper access. What is this technique called?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Encapsulation

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    B.

    Polymorphism

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Instantiation

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Abstraction

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  57. To prevent covert channels via race conditions, it is critical that software modules be able to execute independently of each other. What is this called?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Low coupling and low cohesion

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    B.

    Low coupling and high cohesion

    circle.jpg

    C.

    High coupling and low cohesion

    circle.jpg

    D.

    High coupling and high cohesion

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  58. Expert systems use forward and reverse chaining that is based on what?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    The inference engine

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Certainty factors

    circle.jpg

    C.

    The rulebase

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Neural structures

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  59. What is the most common problem related to audit logs?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Audit logs can be examined only by auditors.

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Audit logs use parsing tools that distort the true record of events.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Audit logs are not backed up.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Audit logs are collected but not analyzed.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 264

  60. When you’re dealing with mobile code and wireless devices, many security issues can arise. For example, when you’re working with wireless devices that are using Wireless Application Protocol (WAP), which of the following is the primary security concern?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    WAP is not a secure protocol.

    circle.jpg

    B.

    The web server that the wireless device is communicating with via SSL may have vulnerabilities.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    The wireless device may have vulnerabilities in its OS.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    The WAP gateway can be targeted by attackers.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  61. Which generation(s) of code is/are most likely to focus on the logic of the algorithms?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Generation 5

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Generations 2, 3, and 4

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Generations 1 and 2

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Generations 1 and 5

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  62. Which type of database combines related records and fields into a logical tree structure?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Relational

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Hierarchical

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Object-oriented

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Network

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  63. What type of database is unique because it can have multiple records that can be either parent or child?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Relational

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    B.

    Hierarchical

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    C.

    Object-oriented

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    D.

    Network

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  64. Your colleague wants to know when the best point within the software development life cycle (SDLC) is to create a list of potential security issues. What do you tell her?
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    A.

    Feasibility

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    B.

    Development

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    C.

    Design

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    D.

    Requirements

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  65. Which of the following are correct?

    I.

    The object linking and embedding database (OLE DB) is a replacement for open database connectivity (ODBC).

    II.

    ActiveX Data Objects (ADO) is an API that allows applications to access back-end database systems.

    III.

    Java Database Connectivity is a markup standard that is self-defining and provides a lot of flexibility in how data within the database is presented.

    IV.

    The data definition language (DDL) defines the structure and schema of the database.

    circle.jpg

    A.

    I and IV

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    B.

    II, III, and IV

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    C.

    I, II, III, and IV

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    D.

    I, II, and IV

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  66. How can referential integrity best be defined?
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    A.

    Structural and semantic rules are enforced.

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    B.

    Semantic rules are enforced.

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    C.

    Structural rules are enforced.

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    D.

    All foreign keys reference existing primary keys.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  67. Lenny is trying to determine how much money a new employee makes. His job in HR allows him to see total payroll by department but not by person. The individual he is curious about just started a month ago, so Lenny simply compares that department’s previous month’s total salary to the current month’s total salary. What has Lenny just done?
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    A.

    Enumeration

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    B.

    An inference attack

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    C.

    Polyinstantiation

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    D.

    Online transaction processing (OLTP)

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  68. While browsing the company directory, you notice that your address is incorrect. To rectify the situation, you decide to modify the database that holds this information. Although the change seems to work, you notice later that the information has reverted to the previous, incorrect information. What do you believe is the source of the problem?
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    A.

    The user does not have modification rights.

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    B.

    The schema does not allow changes from the user’s machine.

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    C.

    Someone in personnel has put a lock on the cell.

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    D.

    Replication integrity is inaccurate due to mismatched times.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 265

  69. Knowledge discovery is also known as what?
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    A.

    Data warehousing

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    B.

    Metadata

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    C.

    Data mining

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    D.

    Atomicity

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  70. Which of the following statements are true?

    I.

    Data definition language (DDL) allows users to make requests of the database.

    II.

    Data manipulation language (DML) maintains the commands that enable a user to view, manipulate, and use the database.

    III.

    Query language (QL) defines the structure and schema of the database. The structure could mean the table size, key placement, views, and data element relationship.

    IV.

    The report generator creates printouts of data in a user-defined manner.

    circle.jpg

    A.

    I and II

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    B.

    II and IV

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    C.

    II, III, and IV

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    D.

    I, II, III, and IV

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  71. Jim’s new job at the headquarters of a major grocery store has him examining buyer trends. He uses the database to find a relationship between beer and diapers. He discovers that men over 20 are the primary buyers of these two items together after 10 p.m. What best describes Jim’s actions?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Data warehousing

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    B.

    Metadata

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    C.

    Data mining

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Atomicity

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  72. Your application developer has created a new module for a customer-tracking system. This module will result in greater productivity. The application has been examined and tested by a second person in the development group. A summary of the test shows no problems. Based on the results, which of the following is not a recommended best practice?
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    A.

    The new code should be passed to quality assurance personnel so that they can certify the application.

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    B.

    The application should be placed into operations and implemented.

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    C.

    An accrediting official should wait for the results of certification.

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    D.

    All changes must be logged in the change management database (CMDB).

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  73. Which of the following describes verification and validation?
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    A.

    Verification verifies that the product meets specifications. Validation is the completion of the certification and accreditation process.

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    B.

    Verification measures how well the program or application solves a real-world problem. Validation verifies that the product meets specifications.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Verification verifies that the product meets specifications. Validation measures how well the program or application solves a real-world problem.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Verification verifies that the program or application meets certification requirements. Validation verifies that the product received accreditation.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  74. You are assigned to modify an application to address a specific problem with the current release of the program. When the change is complete, you notice that other modules that should not have been affected appear to be nonfunctional. What do you believe is the cause?
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    A.

    The module has low cohesion.

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    B.

    The module has high cohesion.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    The module is tightly coupled.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    The module is loosely coupled.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  75. Jake has become concerned that a citizen programmer in the group has developed code for others in the department. What should be your primary concern?
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    A.

    That the programs are tested by others in the department

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    B.

    That the programs have not been certified and verified

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    C.

    That a copy of the code is held in a library

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    D.

    That the code is adequately commented

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  76. Which of the following statements is most correct?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Relational database parents can have only one child.

    circle.jpg

    B.

    A relational database is designed so that a child can have only one parent.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    A hierarchical database is designed so that a parent can have only one child.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    A hierarchical database is designed so that a child can have only one parent.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  77. What level of the capability maturity model features quantitative process improvement?
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    A.

    Managed

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    B.

    Defined

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    C.

    Repeatable

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    D.

    Optimized

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  78. Your company has just signed a software escrow agreement. Which of the following best describes this document?
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    A.

    An offsite backup

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    B.

    A form of maintenance agreement

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    C.

    A form of insurance

    circle.jpg

    D.

    A clustered software service

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 266

  79. With regard to database operations, canceling a set of changes and restoring the database to its prior state is called what?
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    A.

    Savepoint

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    B.

    Commit

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    C.

    Rollback

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    D.

    Audit point

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  80. The capability maturity model features five maturity levels that begin with initial. What is the proper order of the remaining four levels?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Repeatable, defined, managed, optimized

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Managed, repeatable, defined, optimized

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Repeatable, managed, defined, optimized

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Defined, optimized, repeatable, managed

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  81. Data that describes other data is called what?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Metadata

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Nonatomic data

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Data structure

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Transaction processing

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  82. In which database model do you perceive the database as a set of tables that are composed of rows and columns?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Hierarchical

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Network

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Relational

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Object

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  83. With a relational database management system, you can constrain what a particular application or user sees by using what?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Schema

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    B.

    Device media control language (DMCL)

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Data mine

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Database view

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  84. Security controls must be considered at which phases of the software life cycle?
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    A.

    Design analysis, software development, installation, and implementation

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    B.

    Project initiation, software development, and operation maintenance

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    C.

    Design specifications

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    D.

    All of the above

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  85. The change control process is structured so that various steps must be completed to verify that no undocumented, unapproved, or untested changes are implemented. Which of the following is the final step?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Configure the hardware properly.

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Update documentation and manuals.

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Inform users of the change.

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Report the change to management.

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  86. You are asked to develop an advanced program that will interact with users. You are asked to look at knowledge-based systems. As such, expert systems use what type of information to make a decision?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    if...then statements

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Weighted computations

    circle.jpg

    C.

    A process similar to that used by the human brain (reasoning)

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Weighted computations based on previous results

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  87. Which of the following is considered a middleware technology?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Atomicity

    circle.jpg

    B.

    OLE

    circle.jpg

    C.

    CORBA

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Object-oriented programming

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  88. The CMMI contains how many process areas?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    4

    circle.jpg

    B.

    5

    circle.jpg

    C.

    20

    circle.jpg

    D.

    22

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 267

  89. At which level of the CMM are processes likely to be variable (inconsistent) and depend heavily on institutional knowledge?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Level 1

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    B.

    Level 2

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    C.

    Level 3

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    D.

    Level 4

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  90. When dealing with expert systems, which of the following are valid methods for reasoning when using inference rules?

    I.

    Forward chaining

    II.

    Knowledge transparency

    III.

    Backward chaining

    IV.

    Knowledge representation

    circle.jpg

    A.

    II

    circle.jpg

    B.

    I and III

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    C.

    I and IV

    circle.jpg

    D.

    I, II, III, and IV

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  91. Which of the following is a project-development method that uses pairs of programmers who work off of detailed specifications?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Waterfall

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    B.

    Spiral

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    C.

    Extreme

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    D.

    RAD

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  92. Jake is using a commercial program that is free to use without pay with only limited functionality. This is most correctly called what?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Commercial software

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Freeware

    circle.jpg

    C.

    Shareware

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Crippleware

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  93. Which of the following can best be described as byte-code?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    Java

    circle.jpg

    B.

    Assembly

    circle.jpg

    C.

    C language

    circle.jpg

    D.

    Fortran

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  94. Which of the following is an example of open vendor-neutral middleware?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    OOA

    circle.jpg

    B.

    COM

    circle.jpg

    C.

    CORBA

    circle.jpg

    D.

    OOD

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

  95. Which of the following allows objects written with different OOP languages to communicate?
    circle.jpg

    A.

    OOA

    circle.jpg

    B.

    COM

    circle.jpg

    C.

    OOD

    circle.jpg

    D.

    CORBA

    Quick Answer: 259

    Detailed Answer: 268

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