- Welcome to the Command Line
- Starting Up the Terminal
- Getting Started
- Building Pipelines
- Running Commands as the Superuser
- Finding Help
- Moving Around the Filesystem
- Manipulating Files and Folders
- System Information Commands
- Searching and Editing Text Files
- Dealing with Users and Groups
- Getting Help on the Command Line
- Searching for Man Files
- Using Wildcards
- Executing Multiple Commands
- Moving to More Advanced Uses of the Command Line
Moving Around the Filesystem
Commands for navigating in the filesystem include the following.
- pwd: The pwd command allows you to know the directory in which you're located (pwd stands for "print working directory"). For example, pwd in the desktop directory will show ~/Desktop. Note that the GNOME terminal also displays this information in the title bar of its window, as shown in Figure A-1.
The cd command allows you to change directories. When you open a terminal, you will be in your home directory. To move around the filesystem, use cd.
- Use cd ~/Desktop to navigate to your desktop directory.
- Use cd / to navigate into the root directory.
- Use cd to navigate to your home directory.
- Use cd .. to navigate up one directory level.
- Use cd - to navigate to the previous directory (or back).
- If you want to go directly to a specific, known directory location at once, use cd /directory/otherdirectory. For example, cd /var/www will take you directly to the /www subdirectory of /var.