Framework for Analysis
Systematically investigating the impacts of natural and unnatural disasters requires input from many disciplines. Engineering and the natural sciences provide data on the nature of the risks associated with disasters of different magnitudes and the uncertainties surrounding them (risk assessment). Geography, organizational theory, psychology, sociology, and other social sciences provide insights into how individuals, groups, organizations, and nations perceive risks and make decisions (risk perception and choice). Economists and policy analysts examine various strategies for reducing future losses and for dealing with recovery problems (risk management strategies).