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This chapter is from the book

C# and Other .NET Languages

.NET supports multiple programming languages, which are assisted by both the CLR and the FCL. Literally dozens of languages target the .NET CLR as a platform. Table 1.3 lists some of these languages.

Table 1.3. Languages Targeting the .NET CLR

A#

Fortran

Phalanger (PHP)

APL

IronPython

Python

C++

IronRuby

RPG

C#

J#

Silverfrost FTN95

COBOL

Jscript

Scheme

Component Pascal

LSharp

SmallScript

Delphi

Mercury

Smalltalk

Delta Forth

Mondrian

TMT Pascal

Eiffel.NET

Oberon

VB.NET

F#

Perl

Zonnon

Table 1.3 is not a comprehensive list because there are new languages being created for .NET on a regular basis. An assumption one could make from this growing list is that .NET is a successful multilanguage platform.

As you learned earlier in this chapter, the C# compiler emits IL. However, the C# compiler is not alone—all compilers for languages in Table 1.2 emit IL, too. By having a CLR that consumes IL, anyone can build a compiler that emits IL and join the .NET family of languages.

In the next section, you learn how the CLR supports multiple languages via a Common Type System (CTS), the relationship of the languages via a Common Language Specification (CLS), and how languages are supported via the FCL.

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