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TIBCO Architecture Fundamentals

TIBCO Architecture Fundamentals

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  • Copyright 2011
  • Pages: 288
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Watermarked)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-276245-5
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-276245-8

TIBCO® Architecture Fundamentals is a must-read for anybody involved with the architecture and design of distributed systems, system integration issues, or service-based application design.”

—Bert Hooyman, Chief Architect, Europe, for MphasiS (an HP Company)

“I would like all the folks on my team to read this, to ensure we are all on the same page with the deliverables that are expected from architecture teams involved in global projects and the role that the TIBCO tools play in implementing these solutions.”

—Joseph G. Meyer, Director of Architecture Services and R&D, Citi

TIBCO’s product suite comprises a diverse range of components. Each component is specialized for a particular functionality, ranging from basic messaging through services, service orchestration, the management of complex business processes, managing master data across multiple systems, and the interpretation ofmassive streams of events (complex event processing).

The architecture series from TIBCO® Press comprises a coordinated set of books for software architects and developers, showing how to combine TIBCO components to design and build real-world solutions.

TIBCO® Architecture Fundamentals is the core book for understanding and using the TIBCO product suite. It focuses on the TIBCO ActiveMatrix® product suite and a handful of the other most commonly used components, including the TIBCO Enterprise Message ServiceTM and TIBCO BusinessEventsTM. The book provides a sound basis for applying TIBCO products to solve the most common integration and SOA challenges faced by architects and developers. In addition, it lays the foundation for the more advanced books to be added to the architecture series.

Designed to make the material as accessible as possible, the book starts with concrete problems architects and developers face every day, showing how to solve these problems with combinations of TIBCO (and selected third-party) products. In the context of specific design scenarios, it also discusses key concepts and decision trade-offs. To accomplish its practical aims, the book 

  • Provides useful techniques for discussing and documenting architectures
  • Presents reference architectures (design patterns) for solving common SOA and system integration problems
  • Describes each problem and solution from both business process and technical perspectives
  • Supplies an overview of the typical solution roles played by different TIBCO products 

The book largely avoids the code-level detail already available in the product manuals, concentrating instead on blueprints for solving whole classes of problems.

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Preface xvii

Acknowledgments xxiii

About the Author xxv


Part I: Concepts 1


Chapter 1: The IT World Is Evolving 3

From Systems to Processes 3

Architecture and Architects 7

Summary 8

Chapter 2: The Scope of Total Architecture 9


Chapter 3: Aspects of Architecture 13

Process Models 13

Architecture Patterns 17

Process-Pattern Mapping 18

Why Should You Care about Architecture? 19

An ATM Architecture Example 20

ATM Architecture Example with Services 25

Summary 26

Chapter 4: Reference Architecture 29

Reference Process Model 30

Reference Architecture Pattern 31

Reference Process-Pattern Mapping 32

Applications of Reference Architectures 32

Summary 33

Chapter 5: Architects and Their Roles 35

Business Processes and Organizational Silos 35

Development Processes 36

The Architecture Step 38

The Project Charter 40

The Integration Test Step 42

Architecture Improves Project Schedules 42

The Roles of Project and Enterprise Architects 44

Project Architect Responsibilities 45

Enterprise Architect Responsibilities 47

The Importance of Vision 50

Summary 51

Chapter 6: SCA Concepts and Notation 53

An Example Service Design 54

Components and Composites 55

Services 56

References 57

Component Type 58

Implementation Type 59

Complex Composites 59

Summary 60

Part II: TIBCO Product Architecture 61


Chapter 7: The TIBCO Product Suite 63


Chapter 8: TIBCO Enterprise Message Service™ 67

Enterprise Message Service™ Product Structure 67

Message Delivery Transports 69

Chapter 9: TIBCO ActiveMatrix® 73

The TIBCO ActiveMatrix Product Suite 73

Basic TIBCO ActiveMatrix Architecture Patterns 74

TIBCO ActiveMatrix Service Bus 78

TIBCO ActiveMatrix Service Grid 81

ActiveMatrix Environments and Administration 82

ActiveMatrix Solution Life Cycle 88

Deploying SCA Designs on ActiveMatrix Nodes 91

TIBCO ActiveMatrix BPM 96

Summary 98

Chapter 10: TIBCO BusinessEvents™ 101

Complex Event Processing 101

BusinessEvents Solution Roles 106

TIBCO BusinessEvents Product Suite 107

BusinessEvents Solution Deployment 110

BusinessEvents Solution Life Cycle 112

Summary 114

Part III: Design Patterns with TIBCO ActiveMatrix® 117


Chapter 11: Basic Interaction Patterns 119

Basic Interaction Pattern Overview 120

Example Case Study: A Newspaper 121

In-Only Example and Implementation Options 122

In-Out Example and Implementation Options 123

Out-Only Example and Implementation Options 127

Out-In Example and Implementation Options 130

Summary 131

Chapter 12: Event-Driven Interaction Patterns 133

The Pub-Sub Architecture Pattern 134

Queue Semantics 135

Topic Semantics 137

Bridge Semantics 137

Other Sources of Events 139

Summary 139

Chapter 13: ActiveMatrix Policy Framework 141

Aspect-Oriented Design 141

The ActiveMatrix Policy Approach 143

Policies and Policy Sets 144

Policy Set Templates 146

Policy Applicability 148

Policy Enforcement Points 148

Associating Policy Sets with Design Elements 148

Policies That Access External Systems 150

An Example: Implementing a Policy Accessing LDAP 153

Policy Intents 157

Summary 158

Chapter 14: Mediation Patterns 161

Straight-Wire Mapping 162

Content Transformation 165

Data Augmentation 166

Routing 168

Mediation Capabilities and Limitations 170

Summary 171

Chapter 15: System Access Patterns 173

Approaches to Accessing External Systems 173

Direct Interaction via ActiveMatrix-Supported Protocols 177

Indirect Interaction via ActiveMatrix Adapters 179

Direct Interaction via Non-ActiveMatrix-Supported Protocols 181

General Considerations 182

Summary 183

Chapter 16: Two-Party Coordination Patterns 185

Fire-and-Forget Coordination 186

Request-Reply Coordination 187

Delegation 188

Delegation with Confirmation 189

Distributed Transactions 190

Third-Party Process Coordinator 194

Compensating Transactions 195

Summary 197

Chapter 17: Multi-Party Coordination Patterns 199

Multi-Party Fire-and-Forget 200

Multi-Party Request-Reply 200

Multi-Party Delegation with Confirmation 201

Data Validation 202

Multi-Party Breakdown Detection 205

Summary 207

Part IV: Building Solutions 209


Chapter 18: Services 211

Traditional Approach 211

Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) Approach 212

Benefits of Services 213

Most SOA Benefits Require Service Interface Stability 214

Where Do Services Make Sense? 214

Service Granularity 216

Summary 217

Chapter 19: Solutions 219

Solution Architecture 219

Membership Validation Service 220

Refinement 224

Reference Architecture as the Entire Solution 228

Reference Architecture as a Solution Fragment 231

Summary 235

Chapter 20: Beyond Fundamentals 237

Recap 237

Looking Ahead 238

Index 239


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