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CMMI® for Acquisition (CMMI-ACQ) describes best practices for the successful acquisition of products and services. Providing a practical framework for improving acquisition processes, CMMI-ACQ addresses the growing trend in business and government for organizations to purchase or outsource required products and services as an alternative to in-house development or resource allocation. Changes in CMMI-ACQ Version 1.3 include improvements to high maturity process areas, improvements to the model architecture to simplify use of multiple models, and added guidance about using preferred suppliers.
CMMI® for Acquisition, Second Edition, is the definitive reference for CMMI-ACQ Version 1.3. In addition to the entire revised CMMI-ACQ model, the book includes updated tips, hints, cross-references, and other author notes to help you understand, apply, and quickly find information about the content of the acquisition process areas. The book now includes more than a dozen contributed essays to help guide the adoption and use of CMMI-ACQ in industry and government. Whether you are new to CMMI models or are already familiar with one or more of them, you will find this book an essential resource for managing your acquisition processes and improving your overall performance.
The book is divided into three parts.
Part One introduces CMMI-ACQ in the broad context of CMMI models, including essential concepts and useful background. It then describes and shows the relationships among all the components of the CMMI-ACQ process areas, and explains paths to the adoption and use of the model for process improvement and benchmarking. Several original essays share insights and real experiences with CMMI-ACQ in both industry and government environments.
Part Two first describes generic goals and generic practices, and then details the twenty-two CMMI-ACQ process areas, including specific goals, specific practices, and examples. These process areas are organized alphabetically and are tabbed by process area acronym to facilitate quick reference.
Part Three provides several useful resources, including sources of further information about CMMI and CMMI-ACQ, acronym definitions, a glossary of terms, and an index.
Book Acknowledgments xix
Part One: About CMMI for Acquisition 1
Chapter 1: Introduction 3
About Process Improvement 5
About Capability Maturity Models 6
Evolution of CMMI 7
CMMI Framework 9
CMMI for Acquisition 10
Chapter 2: Process Area Components 11
Core Process Areas and CMMI Models 11
Required, Expected, and Informative Components 11
Components Associated with Part Two 12
Supporting Informative Components 18
Numbering Scheme 20
Typographical Conventions 20
Chapter 3: Tying It All Together 25
Understanding Levels 25
Structures of the Continuous and Staged Representations 26
Understanding Capability Levels 29
Understanding Maturity Levels 31
Process Areas 36
Achieving High Maturity 42
Chapter 4: Relationships Among Process Areas 45
Project Processes 47
Organizational Processes 51
Support Processes 52
High Maturity Processes 54
Chapter 5: Using CMMI Models 57
Adopting CMMI 57
Your Process Improvement Program 58
Selections That Influence Your Program 58
CMMI Models 59
Using CMMI Appraisals 60
Appraisal Requirements for CMMI 61
SCAMPI Appraisal Methods 61
Appraisal Considerations 62
CMMI Related Training 63
Chapter 6: Essays on CMMI-ACQ in Government and Industry 65
Critical Issues in Government Acquisition 65
The IPIC Experience 74
CMMI: The Heart of the Air Force’s Systems Engineering Assessment Model and Enabler to Integrated Systems Engineering—Beyond the Traditional Realm 86
Lessons Learned by DGA on CMMI-ACQ 95
CMMI-ACQ and the “Three R’s” of DoD Acquisition 100
Use of CMMI at the U.S. Government Accountability Office 105
An Industry Perspective on CMMI-ACQ 108
CMMI-ACQ in Industry: Future Possibilities 122
Acquisition Strategy: Planning for Success 125
Agreements: They Are Not Just with Suppliers 131
Acquisition Verification: The Challenges 133
Transition to Operations: Delivering Value 137
Interoperable Acquisition 139
Acquisition Agility 143
Employing Agile in DoD Acquisition 151
Acquisition Improvement: Identifying and Removing
Process Constraints 156
Expanding Capabilities Across the Constellations 163
Part Two: Generic Goals and Generic Practices, and the Process Areas 167
Generic Goals and Generic Practices 169
Agreement Management 191
Acquisition Requirements Development 199
Acquisition Technical Management 215
Acquisition Validation 229
Acquisition Verification 237
Causal Analysis and Resolution 247
Configuration Management 257
Decision Analysis and Resolution 271
Integrated Project Management 281
Measurement and Analysis 299
Organizational Process Definition 319
Organizational Process Focus 333
Organizational Performance Management 349
Organizational Process Performance 369
Organizational Training 383
Project Monitoring and Control 395
Project Planning 411
Process and Product Quality Assurance 443
Quantitative Project Management 451
Requirements Management 471
Risk Management 479
Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development 497
Part Three: The Appendices 515
Appendix A: References 517
Appendix B: Acronyms 523
Appendix C: CMMI Version 1.3 Project Participants 527
Appendix D: Glossary 535
Book Contributors 567