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Windows .NET Security: step-by-step techniques and fast answers.
Windows .NET Server Security Handbook is your practical, step-by-step guide to maximizing Windows .NET security. Two leading experts show you how to take advantage of every important new Windows .NET and XP security feature, from .NET's new firewall to its updated Encrypting File System. You'll discover the critical security implications of new features such as Remote Desktop and Remote Assistance, then learn how to use Microsoft(r)'s latest tools to configure security in a wide range of scenarios. By the time you're finished, you'll know how to lock down any Windows .NET system-from the largest enterprise to the smallest home network.
Powerful library of Windows .NET security tools!
Introduction to Windows .NET Security.
Introduction. War Driving. Who Should Read This Book? Why Should I Read This Book? Emerging Threats. The Role of Windows .NET Server. What Are the Advantages of This Book? How Will This Book Help Me?
1.What's Different in Windows .NET Security.
Overview. Microsoft Security Initiatives. Microsoft Strategic Technology Protection Program. Microsoft Security Partners Program. Microsoft Gold Certified Partner for Security Solutions. Security Bulletin Severity Rating System. Microsoft Windows Hacker Test. Microsoft Hacker Partnership. Hackers Go Corporate. Full-Disclosure "Gag Rule". Controlled Network Access. Blank Password Restriction. Encrypting File System and Offline Files. Remote Desktop. Remote Assistance. Internet Connection Sharing. Internet Connection Firewall. Location-Aware Networking. Location-Aware Internet Connection Sharing. Location-Aware Internet Connection Firewall. Smart Card Support. Windows Compatible Logo Certification. Kerberos Authentication with X.509 v3. Smart Card Administrative Utilities. Windows .NET Wireless Security. 802.1x-Port-Based Network Access Control. New Windows .NET Server Wireless Features. Summary.
2. Securing Windows .NET Remote Administration.
Securing the Remote Desktop. Overview. Requirements. Host Requirement. Client Requirements (Program). Web Server Requirements (Web). Client Requirements (Web). Installation and Setup of the Default Remote Desktop Connection. Host Install. Host Setup. Client Install. Client Setup and Connection. Installation, Setup, and Creation of the Remote Desktop Web Connection. Installing the Web Components. Creating the Remote Desktop Web Connection. Breaking the Remote Desktop Connection. Security Issues with the Remote Desktop Connection. Improper Account Permissions. Weak Passwords. Connecting Local Drives and Peripherals to the Host Computer. ActiveX Components. Saving Connection Information. Troubleshooting the Remote Desktop Connection. Summary.
3. Securing Remote Assistance.
Overview. Requirements for Remote Assistance. Using Remote Assistance. Sending the Invitation. To Start the Remote Assistance Session. Remote Assistance and Security Issues. Troubleshooting Remote Assistance. Network Issues. Misconfiguration Issues. Summary.
4. Windows .NET Client Security: Protecting Windows XP.
Spotlight: The "Raw Sockets" Controversy. Introduction. What Are Raw Sockets? What Does Windows XP Have to Do with Raw Sockets? Is the Threat Real? Summary.
5. Frequently Asked Questions.
The Internet Connection Firewall. Overview. Firewall Review. Static Firewall. Stateful Firewall. The Internet Connection Firewall. Enabling and Disabling the ICF. Services Options. Adding a Service. Editing and Deleting a Service. Programs Options. Adding a Program. Editing and Deleting a Program. Security Logging Options. Setting Up Security Logging. Reading the Log File. ICMP Options. Overview of ICMP. Adjusting the ICMP Options. Understanding the ICMP Options. Internet Connection Sharing. Issues to Clarify before Enabling Internet Connection Sharing. Enabling/Adjusting/Disabling Internet Connection Sharing. Setting Up the Client for ICS. Network Bridging. Summary.
6. Wireless Security.
Overview. Advantages of Wireless Networking. Types of Wireless Networks. Types of Wireless Connections. The Wireless Link. 802.11 and 802.1x Authentication. 802.11 Authentication. 802.1x Authentication. Setting Up an Automatic Wireless Network. Connecting to an Existing Wireless Network. Set Up 802.1x Authentication. Connecting to Wireless Networks. Summary.
7. Configuring Windows .NET Server Security.
Kerberos Authentication. Overview. Kerberos Authentication. Kerberos Authentication. Accessing Cross-Domain Network Resources. Changing Kerberos Default Policies. Enforce User Logon Restrictions. Maximum Lifetime for Service Ticket. Maximum Lifetime for User Ticket. Maximum Lifetime for User Ticket Renewal. Maximum Tolerance for Computer Clock Synchronization. Kerberos Security Environment. Application Attacks. Secret Keys. Brute Force Password Attacks. Clock Synchronization. Kerberos Constants and Ticket Flags. KDC Constants. Initial Tickets. Preauthenticated Tickets. Invalid Tickets. Postdated Tickets. Renewable Tickets. Proxy Tickets. Forwarded Tickets. Interoperability with Other Kerberos Implementations. Public Key Cryptography and Kerberos. Summary.
8. Encrypting File System.
Overview. What's Different in the Windows .NET Encrypting File System. Background. User Interaction. Data Recovery. The File Encryption KEY (FEK). Recovering Encrypted Files. Configuring the Recovery Agent. Command-Line Recovery. Using Cipher.exe. Syntax. Example. Parameters. Notes. Components of the EFS Architecture. EFS Driver. EFS FSRTL. EFS Service. Win32 APIs. Encryption Examples. Encrypting a Folder or File. Decrypting a File or Folder. Using an Encrypted File or Folder. Copying an Encrypted File or Folder. Encrypted Files and Folders on a Remote Server. Setting Up an Enterprise Certificate Authority. To Request a File Recovery Certificate. Disabling EFS for a Specific Set of Computers. Encrypting Offline Files. Encrypting the Offline Files Database. Remote EFS Operations on File Shares and Web Folders. Summary.
9. Public Key Infrastructure.
Overview. What is PKI? Common Public-Key Algorithms. One-Way Hash Algorithms. Benefits of Windows .NET PKI. Certificate Authorities. Flavors of Cas. An Issue of Trust. X.509 Certificate Standard. Certificate Format. Revocation. Deploying a Certification Authority. Types of Cas. Setting Up the Certificate Authority. Custom Settings. Database and Configuration Storage. Subordinate Cas. Renewing CA Certificates. Certificate Store. Creating a Certificates Snap-in. Installing the Certificate into a Store. Certificate Services Backup and Recovery. Backing Up Certificate Services. Restoring Certificate Services. Summary.
10. Smart Cards.
Introduction. Smart Card Specifications. Smart Card Authentication. Interactive Logon. Client Authentication. Remote Logon. Deploying Smart Card. Issuing Smart Cards. Smart Card Policies. Smart Card Required. On Smart Card Removal. Left Card at Home. Personal Identification Numbers. Windows .NET-Certified Readers. Smart Card Reader Design. Interface Device. I/O Channel. The IFD Subsystem. The IFD Handler. Configuring the Smart Card Reader. Connecting a Desktop Smart Card Reader. Installing a Smart Card Reader Device Driver. Smart Card Certificates. Configuring the Certification Authority for Smart Cards. Smart Card Certificate Enrollment. Summary
11. Designing Secure Virtual Private Networks (VPN).
Overview. Key Features of VPNs. Background. VPN Protocols. Windows IP Security. Configuring the VPN Server. VPN Configuration Wizard. VPN Packet Filtering. RADIUS. Configuring the VPN Client. Installing the VPN Client. New RADIUS Features in Windows .NET Server. RADIUS Proxy. Wireless Authentication Support. Authenticating Switch Support. Configuring a RADIUS Server. Summary.
12. Security Configuration Tool Set.
Overview. Security Configuration and Analysis Snap-in. Creating the SCA Snap-in. Testing the Current Security Configuration. Analyzing and Configuring the Database. Secedit.exe. Using Secedit.exe to Analyze System Security. Configure System Security. Export Security Settings. Validate a Security Configuration File. Security Setting Extensions to Group Policy. Security Templates Snap-in. Account Policies. Local Policies. Event Log. Restricted Groups. System Services. Registry. File System. Predefined Security Templates. Security Levels. Summary.
13. Configuring Windows .NET Internet Security.
Securing Internet Information Server. Overview. Installation. Preinstall Checklist. Unattended Installation. Post-Installation. Using the Internet Service Manager (ISM). WWW Service. Master Web Site Properties. Authentication Overview. Default Web Site Properties. FTP Service. Master FTP Site Properties. Default FTP Site Properties. Virtual FTP Directories. Exploit Scanners. IIS Lockdown Tool. URLScan Security Tool. Retina Network Security Scanner. SecureIIS Application Firewall. Summary.
14. Configuring IP Security.
Overview. What Is IPSec? IPSec Protocols. IPSec Modes. IPSec Encryption. Why Use IPSec? Using the IPSec Snap-in. Configuring IPSec. Enabling Audit Policy. Using Network Monitor with IPSec. IPSec Statistics. Establishing an IPSec Security Plan. Ipseccmd.exe. Usage. ipseccmd Modes. Summary.
15. How to Beat Bugtraq by Seven Days.
Overview. Stalking the Hackers. Disclaimer. Cloaking Your Identity. Choosing an Alias. Using Anonymizers. Anonymous Proxies. MultiProxy. Configuring MultiProxy. Configuring Anonymous Browsing. Configuring IRC for Anonymity. Installing MIRC. Socks2HTTP. Counterintelligence. Summary.
Appendix. Suggested Reading.
On the Web. Books.
Security is the one issue that will either make or break Microsoft Corporation. Microsoft has "bet the company" on their .NET strategy, yet hackers threaten to topple the delicate structure at every turn. Microsoft itself has admitted that it has a long way to go to build public confidence in its security.
Unfortunately, it seems that every time Microsoft security takes a step upward, hackers knock it right back down. In fact, the threat to .NET became so critical that Bill Gates himself felt compelled to realign the entire company with security at the forefront. In January 2002 Gates delivered an epochal memo announcing that Microsoft must henceforth make security its highest priority. This "Trustworthy Computing" memo reflected Gates' anguish over years of stinging criticism. His ultimatum echoed what hackers have been saying for years: Microsoft must get secure, or fail.
The .NET vision is built upon three pillars. One pillar that has come under fire from critics is the .NET Framework. This distributed programming technology has pushed software on to the Internet as a service. Even before its official release, independent experts found security flaws in the .NET Framework. Moreover, future vulnerabilities are likely to be worse. At its heart the .NET Framework is distributed programming, which in theory could magnify threats from distributed hacking, viruses, and denial-of-service attacks.
The second pillar of .NET is the enhanced user experience. With .NET, Microsoft is attempting to maximize functionality while minimizing hassles. Largely, this is a public relations challenge. .NET does provide an enhanced user experience, but it will be difficult to market this advantage while security concerns overshadow the technology.
The book you are holding deals with the third pillar of the .NET vision, namely, the base operating system forming the cynosure of the .NET vision. .NET Server is not only a pillar, but it is also the impressive foundation upon which the entire .NET Framework rests. This book covers the security architecture of .NET Server and shows you how protect your enterprise from hackers.
.NET Server is often used as a generic term that encompasses all of Microsoft's enterprise management tools, including Exchange Server, SQL Server, Biz Talk Server, and more. However, the real Windows .NET Server is the base OS with which we are familiar. It is the next generation of its mighty predecessor, Windows 2000 Server.
Since vulnerable clients are the Achilles' heel of secure servers, this book also covers Windows XP Professional, the preferred client for .NET Server. Ironically, the increasing use of IPSec-encrypted "tunnels" (Virtual Private Networks) means a vulnerable remote client opens a back door through which hackers can reach the very heart of your corporate network. Why attack the castle's ramparts when you can easily slip in through the open postern? Thus, this book also addresses security concerns specific to the Windows XP Pro clients that interface with .NET Server.
Windows .NET Server is Microsoft's contender to beat Linux in the server market. Security may be the deciding factor in determining which of these two platforms achieves ascendancy. With the impressive security architecture of .NET Server, Microsoft now has a fighting chance.