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TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview, 7th Edition

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TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview, 7th Edition


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  • Copyright 2002
  • Dimensions: K
  • Pages: 992
  • Edition: 7th
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-067610-1
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-067610-8

  • The comprehensive, authoritative introduction to the protocols that drive the Internet
  • Covers internetworking, routing, transport protocols, multicast, and much more
  • Includes detailed coverage of application protocols—DNS, TELNET, FTP, HTTP, SMTP, RTP/RTCP, SNMP, and WAP
  • Presents techniques for maximizing security, availability, and scalability
  • Extensive new coverage includes QoS, MPLS, IP telephony, and WAP
  • An in-depth introduction to the entire TCP/IP suite—including the latest protocols and concepts
  • Systematic coverage of internetworking, routing, transport, multicast, and application protocols
  • New and updated coverage of QoS, MPLS, IP telephony, security, WAP, and more

TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview is an exceptionally complete, easy-to-understand, and up-to-date guide to the protocols that drive the Internet. Ideal for beginners—and for networking professionals who want to deepen their understanding—this book covers the entire TCP/IP suite, including emerging protocols that address the Internet's key challenges.

The authors—an expert team of IBM TCP/IP instructors and consultants—begin by introducing TCP/IP's fundamental goals, roles, components, and underlying concepts. They survey today's core TCP/IP application protocols, from DNS to HTTP, SMTP to RTP, as well as protocols designed for advanced wireless and multimedia applications.

The book includes detailed coverage of the latest trends in networking and infrastructure, including Quality of Service, MPLS, security, IP mobility, IP telephony, and IPv6. The authors also introduce leading tools for maximizing availability and scalability in IBM and Cisco environments, including IBM Sysplex Distributor, Cisco MultiNode Load Balancing, and OS/390 DNS/WLM.


Prentice Hall PTR has selected this IBM Redbook for its worldwide publishing program. IBM Redbooks are produced by the International Technical Support Organization where experts from around the world work together to build effective technical information based on their practical work experience.

For more information: ibm.com/redbooks

Sample Content

Table of Contents


The Team That Wrote This Redbook. Comments Welcome.


1. Architecture, History, Standards, and Trends.

TCP/IP Architectural Model. The Roots of the Internet. TCP/IP Standards. Future of the Internet.

2. Network Interfaces.

Ethernet and IEEE 802.x Local Area Networks (LANs). Fiber Distributed Data Interface (FDDI). Serial Line IP (SLIP). Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP). Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN). X.25. Frame Relay. PPP over SONET and SDH Circuits. Multi-Path Channel+ (MPC+). Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM). Multiprotocol over ATM (MPOA). References.

3. Internetworking Protocols.

Internet Protocol (IP). Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP). Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP). Address Resolution Protocol (ARP). Reverse Address Resolution Protocol (RARP). Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP). Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP).

4. Routing Protocols.

Autonomous Systems. Types of IP Routing and IP Routing Algorithms. Routing Information Protocol (RIP). Routing Information Protocol Version 2 (RIP-2). RIPng for IPv6. Open Shortest Path First (OSPF). Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP). Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP). Border Gateway Protocol (BGP). Routing Protocol Selection. Additional Functions Performed by the Router. Routing Processes in UNIX-based Systems.

5. Transport Layer Protocols.

Ports and sockets. User Datagram Protocol (UDP). Transmission Control Protocol (TCP).

6. IP Multicast.

Multicast Addressing. Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP). Multicast Delivery Tree. Multicast Forwarding Algorithms. Distance Vector Multicast Routing Protocol (DVMRP). Multicast OSPF (MOSPF). Protocol Independent Multicast (PIM). Interconnecting Multicast Domains. The Multicast Backbone.


7. Application Structure and Programming Interfaces.

Characteristics of Applications. Application Programming Interfaces (APIs).

8. Directory and Naming Protocols.

Domain Name System (DNS). Dynamic Domain Name System. Network Information System (NIS). Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP).

9. Remote Execution and Distributed Computing.

TELNET. Remote Execution Command Protocol (REXEC and RSH). Introduction to the Distributed Computing Environment (DCE).

10. File related Protocols.

File Transfer Protocol (FTP). Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP). Network File System (NFS). The Andrew File System (AFS).

11. Mail applications.

Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP). Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME). Post Office Protocol (POP). Internet Message Access Protocol Version 4 (IMAP4).

12. The World Wide Web.

Web Browsers. Web Servers. Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Content. References.

13. Multimedia Protocols.

Real-Time Protocols: RTP and RTCP. IP Telephony.

14. Wireless Application Protocol (WAP).

The WAP environment. Key Elements of the WAP Specifications. Wireless Markup Language (WML) and WMLScript. Push Architecture. Overview of the WAP Protocol Stack. Protocol Summary.

15. Network Management.

Simple Network Management Protocol and MIB Overview. Structure and Identification of Management Information (SMI). Management Information Base (MIB). Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP). Simple Network Management Protocol Version 2 (SNMPv2). MIB for SNMPv2. The New Administrative Model. Simple Network Management Protocol Version 3 (SNMPv3). References.

16. Utilities.

Remote Printing (LPR and LPD). X Window System. Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP). Finger Protocol. Netstat.


17. IP Version 6.

IPv6 Overview. The IPv6 Header Format. Internet Control Message Protocol Version 6 (ICMPv6). DNS in IPv6. DHCP in IPv6. Mobility Support in IPv6. Internet Transition - Migrating from IPv4 to IPv6. The Drive towards IPv6. References.

18. MultiProtocol Label Switching (MPLS).

MPLS Overview. Components of an MPLS Network. Label Distribution Protocols. Stream Merge. Multiprotocol Lambda Switching.

19. Mobile IP.

Mobile IP Overview. Mobile IP Operation. Mobility Agent Advertisement Extensions. Mobile IP Registration Process. Tunneling. Broadcast Datagrams. Move Detection. ARP Considerations. Mobile IP Security Considerations.

20. Integrating other Protocols with TCP/IP.

Enterprise Extender. Data Link Switching. Multiprotocol Transport Network (MPTN). NetBIOS over TCP/IP.

21. TCP/IP Security.

Security Exposures and Solutions. A short Introduction to Cryptography. Firewalls. Network Address Translation (NAT). The IP Security Architecture (IPsec). SOCKS. Secure Shell (l). Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Transport Layer Security (TLS). Secure Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension (S-MIME). Virtual Private Networks (VPN) Overview. Kerberos authentication and Authorization System. Remote Access Authentication Protocols. Layer 2 Tunneling Protocol (L2TP). Secure Electronic Transactions (SET). References.

22. Quality of Service.

Why QoS? Integrated Services. Differentiated Services. References.

23. Availability, Scalability, and Load Balancing.

Availability. Scalability. Load Balancing. Terms used in This Chapter. Introduction of Available Solutions. Network Dispatcher. Cisco LocalDirector. IBM Sysplex Distributor. Cisco MultiNode Load Balancing (MNLB). IBM Sysplex Distributor and Cisco MNLB. OS/390 DNS/WLM. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP). Round-robin DNS. Alternative Solutions to Load Balancing.

Appendix A. Platform Implementations.

IBM Communications Server for OS/390 V2R10. IBM OS/400 V5R1. Linux. The Network Computer.

Appendix B. Special Notices.
Appendix C. Related Publications.

IBM Redbooks. IBM Redbooks Collections. Other Resources. Referenced Web Sites.

How to Get IBM Redbooks.

IBM Redbooks Fax Order Form.

Abbreviations and Acronyms.
IBM Redbooks review.



The TCP/IP protocol suite has become the de facto standard for computer communications in today's networked world. The ubiquitous implementation of a specific networking standard has led to an incredible dependence on the applications enabled by it. Today, we use the TCP/IP protocols and the Internet not only for entertainment and information, but to conduct our business by performing transactions, buying and selling products, and delivering services to customers. We are continually extending the set of applications that leverage TCP/IP, thereby driving the need for further infrastructural support.

In TCP/IP Tutorial and Technical Overview, we take an in-depth look into the TCP/IP protocol suite. In Part I, we introduce TCP/IP, providing a basic understanding of the underlying concepts essential to the protocols. We continue our discussion in Part II with a survey of today's most popular TCP/IP application protocols, including emerging wireless and multimedia applications.

Finally, in Part III, we cover advanced concepts and the latest infrastructural trends in networking, including IPv6, security, Quality of Service, IP mobility, and MPLS. We address the challenges that TCP/IP is currently facing and the technology being developed to overcome them.

The team that wrote this redbook

This redbook was produced by a team of specialists from around the world working at the International Technical Support Organization Raleigh Center.

Adolfo Rodriguez is an Advisory I/T Specialist at the International Technical Support Organization, Raleigh Center. He writes extensively and teaches IBM classes worldwide on all areas of TCP/IP. Before joining the ITSO, Adolfo worked in the design and development of Communications Server for OS/390, in RTP, NC. He holds a B.A. degree in Mathematics and B.S. and M.S. degrees in Computer Science from Duke University, Durham, NC. He is currently pursuing a Ph.D. degree in Computer Science at Duke University, with a concentration on Networking Systems.

John Gatrell works for IBM in the UK. He has 15 years experience in communications customer support, and a further seven years in programming. He holds a B.A. Honours degree in Physics from Oxford University. His specialized areas include UNIX and communications.

John Karas is a network architect in IBM Global Services in the United States. He has 14 years of experience in the data networking field. He holds a Masters of Science degree in Telecommunications from Pace University. His areas of expertise include IP routing algorithms, complex network design, capacity planning, and application performance testing. He has written extensively on supporting OSPF and BGP networks, as well as performance monitoring in SAP environments.

Roland Peschke is a Senior IT Networking Specialist working for IBM customers requesting consulting and education services for the OS/390 TCP/IP and SNA environment. His comprehensive experiences in these areas come from working at IBM Germany and ITSO Raleigh for more than three decades. He worked intensively on several SNA- and TCP/IP Redbooks.

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