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Principles of Petroleum Development Geology

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Principles of Petroleum Development Geology

Book

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About

Features

  • aimed at introducing fundamental concepts associated with geology at the reservoir scale — topics covered are important to exploration geology as well as environmental geology.
  • designed to cover principles, while real field examples and problems are provided in laboratory exercises.
  • organized so that principles necessary for the estimation of reserves (traps, contour maps, isopach maps and volumetrics) are introduced in the first 3 chapters.
  • discusses problems associated with the environment and explains WHY development geology is important, not just what it is.
  • discusses in detail the relationships between heave, throw, fault dip, fault type, and displacement of contour lines across faults.
  • stresses communication and synergism in order to thrive in this difficult and complicated industry where different thinking styles are prevalent.
  • relates non-acqueous phase contaminants (NAPLs) to oil and gas and explains the principles behind relative permeability, wettability, irreducible water saturation, residual oil, and recovery efficiencies.
  • Highlights:
    • volumetrics

    • exponential decline curves

    • present value economic calculations

    • shortcuts for isopach maps

    • economic projections on a spread sheet

    • horizontal drilling

    • dipmeter

Description

  • Copyright 1996
  • Dimensions: 6 X 9
  • Pages: 224
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-649468-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-649468-3

Petroleum development geology is a hybrid discipline. The concepts are important for exploration geologists as well as development geologists. The book overlaps the following disciplines: structured geology, stratigraphy-sedimentation, reservoir engineering, drilling engineering, well log-analysis, reflection seismology, petroleum land manager, economics and organic chemistry.

Sample Content

Table of Contents



1. Introduction.

What is Development Geology. Synergism. Developing Geology in the Major Petroleum Company.



2. Traps.

Anticlinal Theory of Traps. Fault Traps. Mapping of Faults. Stratigraphic Traps. Combination Traps. Salt Domes. Other Trap Types.



3. Reserve Estimates.

Four Basic Methods. Volumetrics. Uncertainty. Isopach Maps. Trapezoidal Rule. Measuring Areas.



4. Electric Logs.

Datum and Depths. Scales. Invasion. Correlation Logs. Resistivity Devices. Sandstone-shale Sequences. Porosity Logs. Cased Hole Logs. Archie Equation and Water Saturation. Electromagnetic Propogation (Dialectric) Logs. Oil-Water Contact. Digitized Well Logs. Dipmeter. Vertical Sequences. Some Commonly Asked Questions.



5. Drill Time Logs, Mud Logs, Cuttings, and Cores.

Drill Time Log. Cuttings and Cores. As They Come Out of the Hole. Cuttings and Core Descriptions. References for Sample Descriptions.



6. Pressure and Temperature in the Subsurface.

Hydraulic Pressure in a Wellbore. Formation Pressure in the Subsurface. Casing Design and Lost Returns. Temperature Gradients. Origin of Subsurface Pressure and Overpressures. Underpressures. Pressure Testing.



7. Porosity, Permeability, and Relative Permeability.

Some Important Definitions. Discussion. Migration from Source Rock to Reservoir Rock.



8. Oil and Gas Chemistry.

Definitions. Classification of Hydrocarbons. Origin of Hydrocarbons. Phase Relationships. Formation Volume Factors.



9. Drive Mechanisms, Recovery Efficiencies, and Well Spacing.

Drive Mechanisms. Drive Mechanisms and Recovery Efficiencies. Recovery Efficiencies. Well Spacing Design Criteria. Fractured Reservoirs. Horizontal Drilling.



10. Summary Remarks About Volumetrics.

Reliability of Data. Predevelopment Studies.



11. Economic Projections and Decline Curves.

Part 1: Definitions. Part 2: Time Value of Money. Part 3: Decline Curves. Part 4: Examples.



12. Clastic Depositional Systems.

Depositional Systems. Alluvial Fans. Braided Streams. Meandering Streams. Lakes. Deltas. Transgressive Sandstone. Transgressive Valley Fills. Tidal Flats. Barrier Islands. Sandstone Geometries and Internal Configurations. Submarine Fans.



13. Carbonate Depositional Systems.

Carbonate Ramps. Reefs and Banks. Carbonate Slopes. Carbonate Submarine Fans. Example of Combined Carbonate Sequence.



14. Geophysics.

Introduction — What is Geophysics?. Reflection Seismology.



15. Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR).

Secondary Recovery. Principles. Chemical Floods. Thermal Recovery Processes. Miscible Recovery Processes. Microbial EOR. Comments. Reservoir Modelling.



16. Some Concluding Remarks.

Computers. Future of Development Geology.



References.

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