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Networking with Microsoft Windows Vista: Your Guide to Easy and Secure Windows Vista Networking

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Networking with Microsoft Windows Vista: Your Guide to Easy and Secure Windows Vista Networking

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Description

  • Copyright 2008
  • Dimensions: 7 X 9-1/8
  • Pages: 552
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-7897-3777-9
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7897-3777-9
  • eBook (Adobe DRM)
  • ISBN-10: 0-7686-8001-8
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7686-8001-0

Your Guide to Easy and Secure Windows Vista Networking is a complete beginner’s guide to creating, configuring, administering, and using a small network using Windows Vista computers. Inside you’ll find comprehensive coverage of networking hardware, including Ethernet (wired) hardware (from NICs to cables to switches to routers) and wireless Hardware--from wireless NICs to access points to range extenders.

We include handy “buyer’s guides” that tell you how to make smart choices when purchasing network hardware. With hardware in hand, we then show you how to roll up your shirtsleeves and put everything together, including configuring a router, laying cable, and connecting the devices. Next, we then show you how to wrangle with Windows Vista’s networking features. These techniques include using the Network and Sharing Center, managing wired and wireless connections, accessing shared network resources, sharing local resources on the network, and working with network files offline. And if you are a music and video aficionado, we’ve got you covered with a special chapter that shows you just how to set up a networked Vista PC as your digital media hub!

No networking book would be complete without extensive coverage of security issues that affect anyone connected to the Internet. We show you how to secure each computer, secure your global networking settings, and batten down your wireless connections. The last part of the book includes intermediate networking tasks such as

making remote connections, monitoring the network, troubleshooting network problems, and setting up Vista’s built-in web server and FTP server.

•    No longer is networking a topic that only geeks need to understand.

If you have even one computer on the Internet or if you use wireless

in your home or office, you need this book!

•    Extensive hardware coverage that shows you what equipment to

buy and how to set it up!

•    Easy to follow buyer’s guides that enable anyone to make smart

and informed choices when purchasing networking hardware.

•    Complete and comprehensive coverage of Windows Vista’s

networking features.

•    Thwart hackers, crackers, thieves and other Internet malefactors

by following our easy to understand chapters on security!

•    Loaded with tips, tricks, and shortcuts to make networking easier

and more secure.

•    Chock full of real-world examples and network configurations that

you can put to work today!

Sample Content

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Accessing and Sharing Network Resources in Windows Vista

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Table of Contents

 Part I:       Networking Hardware for Windows Vista      7

Chapter 1         Understanding Ethernet Networking....................................................................... 9

What Is Ethernet?......................................................................... 10

    10BASE-T.............................................................................................................. 12

    100BASE-T (Fast Ethernet)................................................................................ 12

    1000BASE-T (Gigabit Ethernet)......................................................................... 13

    Beyond Gigabit Ethernet..................................................................................... 13

Understanding Network Interface Cards........................................ 13

Understanding Network Cables..................................................... 18

    Twisted-Pair Cable............................................................................................... 18

    Crossover Cable................................................................................................... 20

Understanding Switches................................................................ 22

Understanding Routers.................................................................. 24

    Understanding IP Addresses............................................................................. 25

    The Router and Dynamic IP Addressing......................................................... 26

    The Router as Firewall......................................................................................... 27

    The Router as Switch.......................................................................................... 28

Understanding Other Ethernet Devices.......................................... 30

    Network Attached Storage................................................................................. 30

    Print Server............................................................................................................ 31

    Digital Media Receiver........................................................................................ 32

    Powerline Adapter............................................................................................... 32

A Buyer’s Guide to Ethernet Hardware......................................... 32

    Purchasing a NIC................................................................................................. 33

    Purchasing Cables............................................................................................... 34

    Purchasing a Switch............................................................................................ 35

    Purchasing a Router............................................................................................ 36

From Here................................................................................... 37

Chapter 2         Understanding Wireless Networking..................................................................... 39

What Is Wireless Networking?...................................................... 40

    Understanding Wi-Fi........................................................................................... 41

    Understanding Wireless Hot Spots.................................................................. 43

Understanding Wireless NICs........................................................ 44

Understanding Wireless Access Points........................................... 47

Understanding Other Wireless Network Devices............................ 50

    Wireless Range Extender.................................................................................... 50

    Wireless Network Finder.................................................................................... 51

    Wireless Print Server........................................................................................... 52

    Wireless Digital Media Receiver....................................................................... 53

A Buyer’s Guide to Wireless Networking Hardware....................... 53

    Purchasing a Wireless NIC................................................................................. 54

    Purchasing a Wireless AP.................................................................................. 55

From Here................................................................................... 57

Chapter 3         Configuring Your Router.......................................................................................... 59

Connecting the Router for Configuration......................................... 60

Displaying the Router’s Setup Pages.............................................. 60

    Entering the Router’s IP Address..................................................................... 61

    Using the Network Window............................................................................... 62

Changing the Router’s IP Address................................................. 63

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 64

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 64

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 64

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 66

Updating the Firmware.................................................................. 66

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 67

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 68

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 69

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 70

Setting Up Your Broadband Connection......................................... 71

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 73

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 74

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 75

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 75

Enabling UPnP............................................................................. 77

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 78

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 78

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 79

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 79

Enabling the DHCP Server............................................................ 81

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 82

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 83

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 83

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 84

Modifying Wireless Settings........................................................... 85

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 86

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 87

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 88

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 89

Checking the Router Status........................................................... 90

    Belkin..................................................................................................................... 90

    D-Link.................................................................................................................... 91

    Linksys.................................................................................................................. 91

    Netgear.................................................................................................................. 92

Testing Your Router’s Capabilities................................................. 93

From Here................................................................................... 96

Chapter 4         Putting Your Network Together.............................................................................. 97

Inserting an Internal NIC............................................................... 98

    Installing the NIC’s Device Driver.................................................................... 98

    Installing the NIC............................................................................................... 100

    Making Sure the NIC Installed Properly......................................................... 104

Connecting the Broadband Modem............................................... 105

    Attaching the Internet Connection Cable...................................................... 105

    Registering the Modem..................................................................................... 107

Connecting the Router................................................................. 108

Connecting the Switch................................................................. 110

Laying the Network Cable........................................................... 111

Changing the Computer and Workgroup Name............................. 112

Making Wireless Network Connections........................................ 113

    Connecting to a Wireless Network................................................................. 114

    Disconnecting from a Wireless Network........................................................ 117

From Here.................................................................................. 118

Part II:      Managing and Using Your Network   119

Chapter 5         Working with Vista’s Basic Network Tools and Tasks..................................... 121

Understanding Vista’s Network Icon............................................ 122

    Accessing Common Networking Commands................................................ 122

    Viewing the Current Network Status............................................................... 123

    Turning Off the Network Icon.......................................................................... 124

Accessing the Network and Sharing Center.................................. 125

Turning On Network Discovery................................................... 128

Viewing Network Computers and Devices................................... 130

Displaying a Network Map.......................................................... 131

Viewing Network Status Details.................................................. 133

Customizing Your Network.......................................................... 135

From Here.................................................................................. 137

Chapter 6         Managing Network Connections.......................................................................... 139

Opening the Network Connections Window.................................. 140

Renaming a Network Connection................................................. 141

Enabling Automatic IP Addressing............................................... 142

    Confirming That Windows Vista Is Configured for Dynamic IP 
    Addressing.................................................................................................... 142

    Displaying the Computer’s Current IP Address........................................... 143

Setting Up a Static IP Address..................................................... 145

    Displaying the Current DNS Addresses........................................................ 146

    Specifying the Static IP Address..................................................................... 147

Finding a Connection’s MAC Address.......................................... 149

Using a Network Connection to Wake Up a Sleeping Computer..... 151

Disabling a Network Connection.................................................. 154

From Here.................................................................................. 155

Chapter 7         Managing Wireless Network Connections......................................................... 157

Opening the Manage Wireless Networks Window......................... 158

Making Other Wireless Connections............................................. 158

    Connecting to a Hidden Network.................................................................... 159

    Creating an Ad Hoc Wireless Network.......................................................... 161

Working with Wireless Connection Properties............................... 163

    Modifying Connection Properties................................................................... 164

    Modifying Security Properties......................................................................... 165

Renaming Wireless Connections.................................................. 166

Reordering Wireless Connections................................................. 167

Creating User-Specific Wireless Connections............................... 168

Removing Wireless Connections.................................................. 170

From Here.................................................................................. 170

Chapter 8         Accessing and Sharing Network Resources....................................................... 171

Accessing Shared Network Resources......................................... 172

    Viewing a Computer’s Shared Resources...................................................... 172

    Working with Network Addresses.................................................................. 174

Mapping a Network Folder to a Local Drive Letter....................... 177

    Creating the Mapped Network Folder............................................................ 177

    Mapping Folders at the Command Line......................................................... 179

    Disconnecting a Mapped Network Folder..................................................... 180

Creating a Network Location for a Remote Folder........................ 180

Accessing a Shared Printer.......................................................... 182

Sharing Resources with the Network............................................ 184

    Activating File and Printer Sharing................................................................. 185

    Sharing the Public Folder.................................................................................. 186

    Activating Printer Folder Sharing.................................................................... 187

    Using Password Protected Sharing................................................................. 187

    Using Public Folder Sharing............................................................................. 188

    Creating User Accounts for Sharing............................................................... 189

    Sharing a Resource with the File Sharing Wizard......................................... 190

    Viewing Your Shared Resources..................................................................... 192

From Here.................................................................................. 192

Chapter 9         Setting Up Vista as a Digital Media Hub............................................................. 195

Understanding Digital Media Hardware........................................ 196

    Digital Media Computer.................................................................................... 196

    Television............................................................................................................ 201

    Television Connectors...................................................................................... 202

    Audio Receiver Connectors............................................................................. 203

    Digital Media Receivers.................................................................................... 204

Connecting Your Digital Media Hub............................................. 205

    Adding an Xbox 360 to the Network............................................................... 205

    Connecting an Xbox 360 to Windows Vista.................................................. 206

Sharing Your Media Player Library.............................................. 207

From Here.................................................................................. 209

Chapter 10       Taking Advantage of Your Network.................................................................... 211

Backing Up to the Network......................................................... 212

Publishing a Windows Vista Calendar on the Network................... 216

    Publishing Your Calendar................................................................................. 217

    Subscribing to a Calendar I: Using the Subscribe Message....................... 219

    Subscribing to a Calendar II: Using Windows Calendar............................. 220

    Working with Shared Calendars...................................................................... 221

Importing Pictures to a Network Share......................................... 221

Ripping Audio CDs to a Network Share....................................... 223

Recording TV Shows to a Network Share.................................... 225

Setting Up a Network-Based Slideshow....................................... 228

    Running a Screensaver Slideshow from the Network.................................. 228

    Running a Slideshow from the Network......................................................... 230

    Display Network Images in the Slide Show Gadget...................................... 234

From Here.................................................................................. 236

Chapter 11       Working with Network Files Offline..................................................................... 237

Activating the Offline Files Feature.............................................. 238

Making a File or Folder Available for Offline Use......................... 239

Changing the Amount of Disk Space Used by Offline Files............ 240

Prohibiting a Network Folder from Being Made Available Offline.. 242

Encrypting Offline Files............................................................... 244

Working with Network Files While You’re Offline........................ 245

    Working with Offline Files via the Sync Center............................................ 245

    Working with Offline Files via the Remote Computer.................................. 247

Synchronizing Your Offline Files.................................................. 248

    Scheduling a Synchronization by Time.......................................................... 248

    Scheduling a Synchronization by Event........................................................ 250

Dealing with Synchronization Conflicts......................................... 252

From Here.................................................................................. 253

Chapter 12       Collaborating with Windows Meeting Space..................................................... 255

Working with the People Near Me Service................................... 257

    Signing In to People Near Me.......................................................................... 257

    Working with Trusted Contacts...................................................................... 258

    Setting People Near Me Options..................................................................... 261

    Signing Out of People Near Me....................................................................... 264

Configuring Windows Meeting Space........................................... 264

Launching Windows Meeting Space............................................. 265

Joining an Existing Meeting.......................................................... 266

Starting Your Own Meeting......................................................... 267

Sending a Meeting Invitation........................................................ 269

    Sending a Meeting Invitation Using People Near Me................................. 269

    Sending a Meeting Invitation via Email.......................................................... 270

    Creating an Invitation File................................................................................ 271

Handling a Meeting Invitation....................................................... 272

    Handling a People Near Me Invitation........................................................... 272

    Opening an Invitation File................................................................................ 274

Sharing a Handout....................................................................... 275

Starting a Shared Session............................................................. 276

Controlling the Shared Session..................................................... 277

Ending the Shared Session........................................................... 278

From Here.................................................................................. 278

Part III:    Securing Your Network         279

Chapter 13       Securing Windows Vista........................................................................................ 281

Understanding Vista’s Security Groups......................................... 282

Understanding User Account Control........................................... 283

    Understanding the Least-Privileged User...................................................... 283

    Elevating Privileges........................................................................................... 284

Implementing Parental Controls.................................................... 286

    Setting Up User Accounts for the Kids......................................................... 287

    Turning On Parental Controls and Activity Reporting................................ 288

    Securing the Web.............................................................................................. 290

    Allowing Only Specific Programs.................................................................... 291

Building a Strong Password......................................................... 292

Checking Your Computer’s Security Settings................................ 294

    Making Sure Windows Firewall Is Turned On.............................................. 294

    Making Sure Windows Defender Is Turned On........................................... 295

    Controlling Automatic Updates....................................................................... 298

    Making Sure User Account Control Is Turned On....................................... 301

    Making Sure the Administrator Account Is Disabled.................................. 302

Thwarting Spyware with Windows Defender................................ 303

Protecting Yourself Against Email Viruses................................... 304

Protecting Yourself Against Phishing Scams................................. 307

    Making Sure Internet Explorer’s Phishing Filter Is Turned On................... 308

    Making Sure Windows Mail Phishing Protection Is Turned On................ 310

From Here.................................................................................. 311

Chapter 14       Implementing Network Security............................................................................ 313

Deactivating the Sharing Wizard.................................................. 314

Setting Sharing Permissions on Shared Folders.............................. 315

Setting Security Permissions on Shared Folders............................. 318

Hiding Your Shared Folders......................................................... 320

Disabling the Hidden Administrative Shares.................................. 322

Removing Stored Remote Desktop Credentials............................. 323

Preventing Users from Logging On at Certain Times..................... 325

    Setting a User’s Logon Hours......................................................................... 326

    Automatically Logging Off a User When the Logon Hours Expire........... 327

Hiding the Usernames in the Logon Screen................................... 328

Running the Baseline Security Analyzer on Your Network............. 330

From Here.................................................................................. 333

Chapter 15       Implementing Wireless Security........................................................................... 335

Specifying a New Administrative Password.................................. 336

    Belkin................................................................................................................... 336

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 337

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 338

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 339

Positioning the Access Point for Maximum Security...................... 340

Encrypting Wireless Signals with WPA........................................ 341

    Belkin................................................................................................................... 342

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 343

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 344

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 345

    Changing the Wireless Connection Security Properties............................. 345

Disabling Network SSID Broadcasting......................................... 347

    Belkin................................................................................................................... 348

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 349

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 349

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 351

Changing the Default SSID.......................................................... 352

    Belkin................................................................................................................... 352

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 353

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 353

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 355

Enabling MAC Address Filtering.................................................. 356

    Getting the MAC Address of Your Wireless NIC........................................ 356

    Belkin................................................................................................................... 358

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 359

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 360

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 361

From Here.................................................................................. 362

Part IV:    Advanced Networking with Windows Vista    363

Chapter 16       Making Remote Network Connections................................................................ 365

Setting Up the Remote Computer as a Host.................................. 366

    Windows Versions That Can Act as Hosts................................................... 366

    Setting Up User Accounts on the Host......................................................... 367

    Configuring Vista to Act as a Remote Desktop Host................................... 367

    Configuring XP to Act as a Remote Desktop Host...................................... 371

Installing Remote Desktop on an XP Client Computer................... 372

Connecting to the Remote Desktop.............................................. 373

    Making a Basic Connection............................................................................. 373

    Making an Advanced Connection.................................................................. 374

    Working with the Connection Bar................................................................... 379

Disconnecting from the Remote Desktop...................................... 380

Connecting to a Remote Desktop via the Internet.......................... 380

    Changing the Listening Port............................................................................ 381

    Configuring Windows Firewall........................................................................ 382

    Determining the Host IP Address................................................................... 383

    Setting Up Port Forwarding.............................................................................. 384

    Connecting Using the IP Address and New Port......................................... 388

Using Dynamic DNS to Access Your Network............................ 389

    D-Link.................................................................................................................. 390

    Linksys................................................................................................................ 391

    Netgear................................................................................................................ 392

From Here.................................................................................. 393

Chapter 17       Monitoring Your Network...................................................................................... 395

Monitoring Network Performance................................................ 396

    Monitoring Network Performance with Task Manager................................ 397

    Monitoring Network Performance with Performance Monitor.................... 400

Monitoring Shared Folders........................................................... 405

    Launching the Shared Folders Snap-In.......................................................... 405

    Viewing the Current Connections................................................................... 406

    Viewing Connections to Shared Folders........................................................ 407

    Viewing Open Files............................................................................................ 407

    Closing a User’s Session or File...................................................................... 408

From Here.................................................................................. 409

Chapter 18       Troubleshooting Network Problems.................................................................... 411

Repairing a Network Connection.................................................. 412

Checking the Connection Status................................................... 413

General Solutions to Network Problems........................................ 413

Checking for Solutions to Problems.............................................. 415

Troubleshooting Using Online Resources...................................... 417

Checking Connectivity with the PING Command.......................... 419

Troubleshooting Cables................................................................ 421

Troubleshooting the NIC.............................................................. 422

    Viewing the NIC in Device Manager............................................................... 423

    Updating the NIC Device Driver...................................................................... 425

Troubleshooting Wireless Network Problems................................ 426

Reverting to an Earlier Configuration............................................ 427

From Here.................................................................................. 429

Chapter 19       Setting Up a Website.............................................................................................. 431

Understanding Internet Information Services................................. 432

Installing Internet Information Services......................................... 433

Accessing Your Website............................................................. 434

    Creating a Windows Firewall Exception for the Web Server...................... 434

    Accessing Your Website Over the Network................................................. 436

    Accessing Your Website Over the Internet.................................................. 436

Understanding the Default Website.............................................. 437

    Viewing the Default Website Folder............................................................... 437

    Viewing the Default Website with IIS Manager............................................ 438

Adding Folders and Files to the Default Website........................... 440

    Setting Permissions on the Default Website Folder..................................... 440

    Adding a File to the Default Website............................................................. 441

    Changing the Default Website Home Page................................................... 443

    Adding a Folder to the Default Website........................................................ 443

Controlling and Customizing Your Website.................................... 447

    Stopping Your Website.................................................................................... 447

    Restarting Your Website.................................................................................. 448

    Renaming the Default Website........................................................................ 448

    Changing the Website Location...................................................................... 448

    Setting the Website’s Default Document...................................................... 449

    Working Without a Default Document.......................................................... 451

    Disabling Anonymous Access........................................................................ 454

    Viewing the Server Logs................................................................................... 456

From Here.................................................................................. 459

Chapter 20       Setting Up an FTP Site........................................................................................... 461

Installing the FTP Publishing Service............................................ 462

Starting the FTP Publishing Service.............................................. 462

Accessing Your FTP Site............................................................ 464

    Creating a Windows Firewall Exception for the FTP Server........................ 464

    Accessing Your FTP Site Over the Network................................................. 466

    Accessing Your FTP Site Over the Internet.................................................. 466

Understanding the Default FTP Site............................................. 467

    Viewing the Default FTP Site Folder............................................................... 467

    Viewing the Default FTP Site with IIS 6 Manager......................................... 468

Adding Folders and Files to the Default FTP Site.......................... 469

    Setting Permissions on the Default FTP Site Folder..................................... 469

    Adding a File to the Default FTP Site............................................................. 470

    Adding a Folder to the Default FTP Site........................................................ 471

Working with Your FTP Site........................................................ 473

    Stopping Your FTP Site.................................................................................... 473

    Restarting Your FTP Site.................................................................................. 474

    Renaming the Default FTP Site........................................................................ 475

    Changing the FTP Site Location...................................................................... 475

    Displaying Messages to FTP Users............................................................... 477

    Disabling Anonymous Access........................................................................ 478

    Securing an FTP Folder..................................................................................... 480

From Here.................................................................................. 481

Glossary of Networking Terms.............................................................................. 483

        

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Introduction

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