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NCLEX-PN Exam Cram

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NCLEX-PN Exam Cram

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  • Copyright 2005
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-7897-3267-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-7897-3267-5

Prepare for your NCLEX-PN® exam with the most targeted book on the market. The NCLEX-PN® Exam Cram blends the ideal level of discussion, lists and tables into an easily digestible format that allows you to train at your own pace. You will also find practice exams, notes, tips, exam alerts, skill highlights and the popular Cram Sheet tearcard, perfect for last-minute studying, included in this Exam Cram. Over 750 practice questions are included with many more on the CD-ROM, which will help you prepare for this Computer Adaptive Test. Also available to help you practice for the exam is NCLEX-PN® Practice Questions Exam Cram. Written by three experienced and well-educated RNs, the NCLEX-PN® Exam Cram is your best way to study quicker and score higher.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System

Table of Contents

Introduction.

Self-Assessment.

1. Preparing for the National Council Exam for Licensed Practical Nurses.

    Preparing for the Exam

      The Computer Adaptive Test

      Testing Strategies

      Reading the Question Carefully

      Look for Keywords

      Watch for Specific Details

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

2. Simplifying Pharmacology.

    Pharmacology

      Three Areas of Pharmacology

    How Nurses Work with Pharmacology

      Time-Released Drugs

      Administering Medications

    Understanding and Identifying the Various Drugs

      Angiotensin-Converting Agents

      Beta Adrenergic Blockers

      Anti-Infectives (Aminoglycosides)

      Benzodiazepines (Anticonvulsants/Sedative/Antianxiety)

      Phenothiazines (Antipsychotic/Antiemetic)

      Glucocorticoids

      Antivirals

      Cholesterol-Lowering Agents

      Angiotensin Receptor Blockers

      Cox 2 Enzyme Blockers

      Histamine 2 Antagonists

      Proton Pump Inhibitors

      Anticoagulants

      More Drug Identification Helpers

    Herbals

    Drug Schedules

    Pregnancy Categories for Drugs

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

3. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Respiratory System.

    Acute Respiratory Failure

      Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

      Respiratory Distress Syndrome

      Pulmonary Embolus

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

      Chronic Bronchitis

      Emphysema

      Asthma

    Acute Respiratory Infections

      Pneumonia

      Pleurisy

      Tuberculosis

    Emerging Infections

      Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

      Legionnaire's Disease

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

4. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Renal and Genitourinary System.

    Acute Glomerulonephritis

    Chronic Glomerulonephritis

    End Stage Renal Disease

      Peritoneal Dialysis

      Hemodialysis

      Renal Transplants

    Nephrotic Syndrome

    Urinary Calculi

    Urinary Tract Infections

    Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia

    Bladder Cancer

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

5. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Hematopoietic System.

    Anemia

      Pernicious Anemia

      Aplastic Anemia

      Sickle Cell Anemia

      Iron Deficiency Anemia

      Cooley's Anemia (Thalassemia Major)

    Hemophilia

    Polycythemia Vera

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

6. Caring for the Client with Disorders of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance and Acid/Base Balance.

    Basic Knowledge of Fluid and Electrolyte Balance

    Regulation of pH and Its Effect on Fluid and Electrolytes

      How the Body Regulates pH

    Metabolic Acidosis

      Causes of Metabolic Acidosis

      Symptoms of Metabolic Acidosis

      Care of the Client with Metabolic Acidosis

    Respiratory Acidosis

      Causes of Respiratory Acidosis

      Symptoms of Respiratory Acidosis

      Caring for the Client with Respiratory Acidosis

    Metabolic Alkalosis

      Causes of Metabolic Alkalosis

      Symptoms of Metabolic Alkalosis

      Caring for the Client with Metabolic Alkalosis

    Respiratory Alkalosis

      Symptoms of Respiratory Alkalosis

      Care of the Client with Respiratory Alkalosis

    Normal Electrolyte Values

    Changes Associated with Aging

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

7. Caring for the Client with Burns.

    Burn Classifications

      Burn Measurement with TBSA

    Client Care for Burn Victims

      The Emergent Phase

      The Intermediate Phase

      Dressings for Burns

      The Rehabilitative Phase

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

8. Caring for the Client with Sensorineural Disorders.

    Disorders of the Eyes

      Intraocular Disorders

      Retinal Disorders

      Refractive Errors

      Traumatic Injuries

    Visual Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Ear Disorders

      Otitis Externa

    Assisting Clients with Hearing Loss

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

9. Caring for the Client with Cancer.

    Cancer

      American Cancer Society's Seven Warning Signs of Cancer

      The Four Major Categories of Cancer

      Risk Factors for Specific Cancers

      Cancer Prevention

      Patient Teaching

    Management of the Client with Cancer

      Radiation

      Chemotherapy

    Bone Marrow Transplantation

      Types of Transplants

      Nursing Care After Transplantation

    Hodgkin's Lymphoma

      Diagnosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma

      Prognosis of Hodgkin's Lymphoma

      Treatment of Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    10 Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

10. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Gastrointestinal System.

    Ulcers

      Types of Ulcers

    Inflammatory Bowel Disorders

      Crohn's Disease (Regional Enteritis)

      Ulcerative Colitis

    Diverticulitis

      Diagnosis of Diverticulitis

      Treatment of Diverticulitis

    Diseases Associated with the Liver

      Hepatitis

      Cirrhosis

      Pancreatitis

    Cholecystitis/Cholelithiasis

      Symptoms of Cholecystitis

      Symptoms of Cholethiasis

      Treatment of Cholecystitis

      Diagnosis of Cholecystitis/Cholethiasis

      Treatment of Cholethiasis

    Food-Borne Illnesses

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

11. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Musculoskeletal System.

    Fractures

      Treating Fractures

      Compartment Syndrome

      Osteomyelitis

    Osteoporosis

      Treatment of Osteoporosis

    Gout

      Treatment of the Client with Gout

    Rheumatoid Arthritis

      Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis

    Musculoskeletal Surgical Procedures

      Fractured Hip and Hip Replacement

      Total Knee Replacement

      Amputations

    Assistive Devices for Ambulation

      Crutches

      Canes

      Walkers

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

12. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Endocrine System.

    Pituitary Disorders

      Tumors of the Pituitary

    Thyroid Disorders

      Hypothyroidism

      Hyperthyroidism

    Parathyroid Disorders

      Hypoparathyroidism

      Hyperparathyroidism

    Adrenal Gland Disorders

      Adrenocortical Insuffiency (Addison's Disease)

      Adrenocortical Hypersecretion (Cushing's Disease)

    Diabetes Mellitus

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

13. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Cardiovascular System.

    Hypertension

      Medications Used to Treat Hypertension

    Heart Block

      Toxicity to Medications

      Malfunction of the Conduction System

    Myocardial Infarction

      Diagnosis of Myocardial Infarction

      Management of Myocardial Infarction Clients

    Buerger's Disease

    Thrombophlebitis

    Raynaud's

    Aneurysms

    Congestive Heart Failure

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

14. Caring for the Client with Disorders of the Neurological System.

    Seizures

      Types of Seizures

      Treatment of Seizure Clients

    Status Epilepticus

    Brain Injuries

      Epidural Hematomas

      Subdural Hematoma

      Treatment of Epidural and Subdural Hematomas

    Increased Intracranial Pressure

      Treatment of ICP

    Neurological Assessment

      Cranial Nerve Assessment

      Glasgow Coma Scale

      Intracranial Pressure Monitors

    Care of the Client with Intracranial Surgery (Craniotomy)

    Spinal Cord Injury

      Treatment of Spinal Cord Injuries

      Potential Complications with SCI Clients

    Guillain-Barré

      Treating Clients with Guillian-Barré

    Degenerative Neurological Disorders

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

15. Caring for the Client with Psychiatric Disorders.

    Anxiety-Related Disorders

      Generalized Anxiety Disorder

      Post-traumatic Stress Disorder

      Dissociative Identity Disorder

      Somatoform Disorder

      Panic Disorder

      Phobic Disorders

      Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

    Personality Disorders

      Cluster A

      Cluster B

      Cluster C

      Managing Clients with Personality Disorders

    Psychotic Disorders

      Schizophrenia

      Bipolar Disorders

    Substance Abuse

      Alcoholism

      Other Commonly Abused Substances

    Disorders of Childhood and Adolescence

      Conduct Disorder

      Oppositional Defiant Disorder

      Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder

      Eating Disorders

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

16. Caring for the Maternal/Infant Client.

    Signs of Pregnancy

      Presumptive Signs

      Probable Signs

      Positive Signs

    Prenatal Care

      Prenatal Diet and Weight Maintenance

      Alpha-Fetoprotein Screening

      Other Prenatal Diagnostic Tests

      Measuring Fetal Heart Tones

    Signs of Complications of Pregnancy

    Types of Abortions

    Abnormalities Effecting Pregnancy

      Diabetes in Pregnancy

    Preeclampsia

    Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation

    Cord Prolapse

    Maternal Infections

    Preterm Labor

    Intrapartal Care

      Stages of Labor

      Phases of Labor

      Important Terms You Should Know

    Prelabor Testing

    Fetal Monitoring

    Pharmacologic Management of Labor

    Postpartum Care

    Terms Associated with the Normal Newborn

    Rh Incompatibility

    Contraception

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

17. Caring for the Pediatric Client.

    Growth and Development

      Infant (28 Days to 1 Year) 

      Toddler (1-3 Years)

      Preschooler (3-5 Years)

      School Age (6-12 Years)

      Adolescence (12-18 Years)

    Congenital Anomalies

      Anomalies of the Gastrointestinal System 

      Anomalies of the Musculoskeltal System  

      Anomalies of the Cardiovascular System 

      Inborn Errors of Metabolism

    Respiratory Disorders

      Acute Otitis Media

      Tonsillitis

      Laryngotracheobronchitis

      Acute Epiglottitis

      Bronchiolitis

      Cystic Fibrosis (Mucoviscidosis)

    Gastrointestinal Disorders

      Gastroenteritis

      Pyloric Stenosis

      Intussusception

      Celiac (Gluten-induced Enteropathy, Celiac Sprue)

    Cardiovascular Disorders

      Rheumatic Fever

      Kawasaki's Disease (Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome)

    Musculoskeletal Disorders

      Scoliosis

      Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease (Coxa Plana)

      Muscular Dystrophies

    Childhood Cancer

      Wilms Tumor (Nephroblastoma)

      Leukemia

      Osteogenic Sarcoma (Osteosarcoma)

    Ingestion of Hazardous Substances

      Salicylate Overdose

      Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Overdose

      Lead (Plumbism)

      Iron Poisoning

    Diagnostic Tests for Review

    Pharmacology Categories for Review

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

18. Cultural Practices Influencing Nursing Care.

    Cultural Diversity and Its Effect on Healthcare

    Cultural Assessment

      Understanding Client Beliefs

      Working with Clients Who Speak Different Languages

    Healthcare of Hispanics/Latinos

      Time Considerations

      Use of Nonverbal/Verbal Communication

      Childbirth and Pain Response

    Native Americans and Alaskan Natives

      Time Considerations 

      Use of Nonverbal/Verbal Communication

      Childbirth and Pain Response

    Asian-Americans

      Time Considerations

      Use of Nonverbal/Verbal Communication

      Childbirth and Pain Response

    Arab-Americans

      Time Considerations

      Use of Nonverbal/Verbal Communication

      Childbirth and Pain Response

    Nursing Plan Dietary Considerations Across Cultures

    Religious Beliefs and Refusal of Care Considerations

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

19. Legal Issues in Nursing Practice.

    Legal Issues in Nursing Practice

    Types of Laws

      Statutory Laws/Regulatory Laws

      Civil Law

      Criminal Law

      Common Law

    Code of Ethical Behavior in Nursing Practice

    Legalities That Affect Nursing Practice

      Negligence

      Malpractice

      Assault

      Torts

      Fraud

      Witnessing Consent for Care

    Managing Client Care

    Exam Prep Questions

      Answer Rationales

20. Practice Exam I.

21. Answers to Practice Exam I.

      Answer Rationales

22. Practice Exam II.

23. Answers to Practice Exam II.

      Answer Rationales

Appendix A. CD Contents and Installation Instructions.

    The CramMaster Engine

    Multiple Test Modes

      Pretest Mode

      Adaptive Drill Mode

      Simulated Exam Mode

    Installing CramMaster for the NCLEX-PN(r) Exam

    Using CramMaster for the : NCLEX-PN(r) Exam

    Customer Support

Appendix B. Things You Forgot - on CD.

Appendix C. Alphabetical Listing of Nursing Boards in the United States and Protectorates - on CD.

Appendix D. Need to Know More? - on CD.

Glossary.

Index.

Updates

Errata

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