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Ethernet Tips and Techniques

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Ethernet Tips and Techniques


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  • Copyright 1998
  • Dimensions: 6" x 9"
  • Pages: 272
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-755950-X
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-755950-3


The #1 Ethernet quick reference for network professionals!

Network professionals at Hewlett-Packard, DEC and other top companies know Byron Spinney's handbook is the source for fast, accurate Ethernet answers. Newly updated and expanded, Ethernet Tips and Tricks delivers all the information you need to take your Ethernet network into the 21st century.

Start with the fundamentals: a crystal-clear explanation of what Ethernet LANs are and how they work. Review every type of Ethernet: 10 Mbps Ethernet, 100 Mbps Fast Ethernet, 100BASE-FX, and Gigabit Ethernet. Understand every Ethernet media type: coax, thinnet, unshielded twisted-pair, and fiber. Learn about every hardware component in an Ethernet network, from NICs to bridges, routers and switches.

Then, with the help of practical case studies, walk step by step through:

  • Ethernet design, including estimating network requirements, defining structure, choosing media and selecting hardware.
  • Ethernet installation, including deciding whether to contract, choosing a contractor, documenting your installation, conduits, firewalls, and testing.
  • Ethernet maintenance, including preventive and corrective maintenance for cables and equipment; and the basics of network management.

Ethernet Tips and Tricks includes EIA/TIA cabling specifications, basic UTP wiring diagrams, a guide to Ethernet acronyms, and much more. If you depend on Ethernet, you'll never find a more useful everyday reference.

Sample Content

Table of Contents


1. An Introduction to Local Area Networking.

Local Area Networks. Brief History. LAN/WAN. ISO/OSI. Chapter Summary. Vocabulary. Chapter 1 Review Questions.

2. Introduction to Ethernet.

Introduction. A Brief History. What Is Ethernet? Why Ethernet? Why Not Ethernet? Chapter Summary. Chapter 2 Review Questions.

3. Ethernet Versions.

Ethernet Version 1. Common Ground. Ethernet Version 2. IEEE 802.3 Standard. Chapter Summary. Major Concepts. Vocabulary. Chapter 3 Review Questions.

4. 10Mbps Ethernet.

Introduction. Data Link Layer. Chapter Summary. Vocabulary. Chapter 4 Review Questions.

5. Fast Ethernet.

Introduction. Modifications to the 802.3 Standard. Clause 21—100BASE-T Introduction. Clause 22—Media Independent Interface (MII). Clause 23—100BASE-T4 Transceiver. Clause 24—100BASE-X Transceiver. Clause 25—TX PMD. Clause 26—FX PMD. Clause 27—Repeaters. Clause 28—Auto-Negotiation. Clause 29—Topology. Clause 30—Management. Summary. Vocabulary. Chapter 5 Review Questions.

6. 100BASE-T2, T4, and TX.

Introduction. 100BASE-T Media. 100BASE-T2. 100BASE-T2 Pin Assignments. 100BASE-T2 Crossover. 100BASE-T4. 100BASE-T4 Pin Assignments. 100BASE-T4 Crossover. 100BASE-TX. 100BASE-TX Pin Assignments. 100BASE-TX Crossover. Chapter 6 Review Questions.

7. 100BASE-FX.

Introduction. 100BASE-FX.

8. Media.

Introduction. AUI. Thick Coax (10BASE5). Fiber Optic (10BASE-F, 100BASE-FX). Thin Coax (10BASE2). Unshielded Twisted Pair (UTP). Chapter Summary. Chapter 8 Review Questions.

9. Hardware.

Introduction. Transceivers. Repeaters. Bridges. Switches. Routers. Network Interface Card (NIC). Review Questions.

10. Design.

Introduction. Three Basic Rules. Rules. Design Step One. Design Step Two. Design Step Three. Design Step Four. Design Step Five. Design Step Six. Design Step Seven. Design Step Eight. The Final Step. Chapter Summary. Case Study. Review Questions.

11. Installation.

Introduction. The Decision to Contract. Selecting a Contractor. The First Step. What to Watch For. Documentation. Getting Ready. Starting the Installation. Case Study. Chapter 11 Review Questions.

12. Maintenance.

Introduction. Connectivity Maintenance. Equipment Maintenance. Network Management. Case Study. Chapter Summary. Chapter 12 Review Questions.

13. The Future of Ethernet.

Introduction. Strategy for Survival. Gigabit Ethernet Technology. Gigabit Migration. Conclusion. Chapter Summary.

Appendix A:Collision Domain Basics.

Appendix B:EIA/TIA Cable Categories.

Common Specifications. Category 3. Category 4. Category 5.

Appendix C:Twisted-Pair Wiring Diagrams.

10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, and 100BASE-T2 Pin Assignments. 10BASE-T, 100BASE-TX, and 100BASE-T2 Crossover. 100BASE-T4 Pin Assignments. 100BASE-T4 Crossover.

Appendix D:Abbreviations and Acronyms.

Appendix E:Other Sources of Information.





When I started working with computer systems over 18 years ago, memory was core and 32KB was considered a luxury. Networks were in the formative stages. Documentation was scarce and what could be found was usually written by an engineer for readers with technical backgrounds.
A few years have passed; memory is now semiconductor and 32MB is not considered unusual. Networks can be found in practically every company with a few PCs, but good books for the novice are still hard to find. There are many sources from which to choose, but few deliver the information that is really needed. My first experiences with data communications were with Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) VT50 terminals and Teletype hardcopy terminals. Communications to these terminals required close proximity to the host computer, a separate line to each terminal, and a dedicated Input/Output (I/O) control port for each. The terminals were called “dumb” because they could only display and transmit characters with no other processing capabilities. The cost for “dumb” terminals in the '70s rivals what we would pay today for a well-equipped Personal Computer (PC).
I consider it a great honor to have been in the industry long enough to experience such significant changes. In an industry characterized by these changes, it is noteworthy when there is a standard or technology that is crafted carefully enough to still be a cornerstone after 14 years. Ethernet is such a technology. Since the release of version 2 in November of 1982, it has become, and remains, the dominant Local Area Network (LAN) technology.
This book is written to accomplish three purposes:
1.An introduction to Local Area Networking, which will provide the basic understanding of LANs, including relative history and concepts.
2.An introduction to Ethernet, what it is, what the versions are, and a technical overview of how it functions.
3.A brief tutorial on the basic concepts of design, installation, and maintenance of a simple Ethernet network, complete with case studies.
This book is targeted for the networking novice interested in the fundamentals of Ethernet and of the design, installation, or troubleshooting of a simple Ethernet network. It contains information to help you really get started. Basic information is provided about technical aspects of Ethernet and Fast Ethernet, their standards, cable types and rules, and hardware and rules. A case study at the end of the chapters on design, installation, and maintenance illustrates the theories presented and shows how to put them into practice.
I have expanded and rewritten this book considerably from the previous two versions. This expansion and rewriting are a direct result of feedback from readers and from watching the threads in the comp.dcom.lans.ethernet newsgroup.

This book is organized into thirteen chapters and five appendices.

  • Chapter 1 is an introduction to local area networking.
  • Chapter 2 is an introduction to Ethernet. It provides a brief history of Ethernet and discusses the core of what Ethernet is.
  • Chapter 3 discusses Ethernet versions. This chapter covers Ethernet versions 1 and 2, and the IEEE 802.3 standard. Common properties, details of operation, and differences are covered in this chapter.
  • Chapter 4 is a discussion of 10Mbps Ethernet.
  • Chapter 5 is a discussion of 100Mbps Ethernet or Fast Ethernet.
  • Chapter 6 provides an overview of 100BASE-T technologies.
  • Chapter 7 presents an overview of 100BASE-FX
  • Chapter 8 covers the basic media types for Ethernet and Fast Ethernet.
  • Chapter 9 is about the hardware that is used in Ethernet networks.
  • Chapter 10 discusses the basics of network design.
  • Chapter 11 covers the basics of network installation.
  • Chapter 12 covers the basics of network maintenance.
  • Chapter 13 is a discussion of the future of Ethernet.
  • Appendix A covers some collision domain basics.
  • Appendix B is the EIA/TIA cabling specifications.
  • Appendix C contains wiring diagrams for the basic UTP cables.
  • Appendix D is an acronym guide that covers not only the acronyms in this book but many other networking and computer-related acronyms that you should find useful.
  • Appendix E contains contact information for standards organizations.


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