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Electro-Optical Instrumentation: Sensing and Measuring with Lasers

Electro-Optical Instrumentation: Sensing and Measuring with Lasers

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Description

  • Copyright 2004
  • Dimensions: 7 X 9-1/4
  • Pages: 448
  • Edition: 1st
  • eBook (Adobe DRM)
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-244098-9
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-244098-1

This is the eBook version of the printed book. If the print book includes a CD-ROM, this content is not included within the eBook version.

The complete, practical sourcebook for laser sensing and measurement

This is a systematic, up-to-date guide to laser instrumentation for sensing and measurement in contemporary scientific, industrial, automotive and avionics applications. Dr. Silvano Donati presents clear design rules and useful hints for practical implementation of a wide variety of laser instruments. For each type of instrument, the author outlines basic principles, physical limitations, reasonable performance expectations, optical design issues, and electronic signal handling--illustrated with block schemes. Coverage includes:

  • Interferometers for sub-micrometer displacement measurements
  • Nanometer vibrometers and structural integrity testing
  • Doppler velocimeters for anemometry of fluids
  • Range finders and anti-collision systems
  • Non-contact wire-diameter and particle-diameter sizing
  • Alignment and level meter apparatuses
  • Ring laser and optical fiber gyroscopes
  • Optical fiber sensors

Thorough and accessible, Electro-Optical Instrumentation offers balanced coverage of both optical and electronic issues and challenges. It will give working electronic engineers and scientists the knowledge they need to design virtually any electro-optical instrumentation system.

PRENTICE HALL

Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458

www.phptr.com

Sample Content

Table of Contents



Preface.


1. Introduction.

Looking Back to Milestones. References.



2. Alignment, Pointing, and Sizing Instruments.

Alignment. Pointing and Tracking. Laser Level. Wire Diameter Sensor. Particle Sizing. References.



3. Laser Telemeters.

Triangulation. Time-of-Flight Telemeters. Instrumental Developments of Telemeters. Imaging Telemeters. The LIDAR. References.



4. Laser Interferometry.

Overview of Interferometry Applications. The Basic Laser Interferometers. Performance Parameters. Ultimate Limits of Performance. Read-Out Configurations of Interferometry. Laser Vibrometry. Other Applications of Injection Interferometry. White Light Interferometry. References.



5. Speckle-Pattern Instruments.

Speckle Properties. Speckle in Single-Point Interferometers. Electronic Speckle Pattern Interferometry. References.



6. Laser Doppler Velocimetry.

Principle of Operation. Performance Parameters. Electronic Processing of the Doppler Signal. Optical Configurations. References.



7. Gyroscopes.

Overview. The Sagnac Effect. Basic Gyro Configurations. Development of the RLG. Development of the Fiber Optics Gyro. The Resonant FOG and Other Configurations. The 3x3 FOG for the Automotive. The MEMS Gyro and Other Approaches. References.



8. Optical Fiber Sensors.

Introduction. The Optical Strain Gage: A Case Study. Readout Configuration. Multiplexed and Distributed OFS. References.



Appendix A0: Nomenclature.


Appendix A1: Lasers for Instrumentation.

Laser Basics. Frequency Stabilization of the He-Ne Laser. Semiconductor Narrow-Line and Frequency Stabilized Lasers. Diode-Pumped Solid-State Lasers. Laser Safety Issues. References.



Appendix A2: Basic Optical Interferometers.

Configurations and Performances. Choice of Optical Components. References.



Appendix A3: Propagation through the Atmosphere.

Turbidity. Turbulence. References.



Appendix A4: Optimum Filter for Timing.


Appendix A5: Propagation and Diffraction.

Propagation. The Fresnel Approximation. Examples. References.



Appendix A6: Source of Information on Electro-Optical Instrumentation.


Index.

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