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Learn to install and configure WAN switches with an authorized self-study guide
Cisco WAN Switching Professional Reference contains the complete course materials for three official professional-level WAN switching courses:
As client/server applications become more demanding and corporations and e-businesses depend more heavily on the wide-area network (WAN) infrastructure, there is a growing need for skilled WAN engineers who are trained to design and maintain high-availability WANs. Another factor driving the need for expert WAN switching professionals is the fact that prices of large-scale private WAN networks are dropping for the enterprise customer. With WAN switching technology becoming more affordable and increasingly critical to support customers of service providers and carriers, WAN switching know-how is essential for employers and employees alike. This book helps you choose the appropriate equipment for your environment and gives you the tools you need to implement and support the entire line of Cisco WAN switches.
Whether you are searching for an accompaniment to the Cisco WAN switching courses or simply need a comprehensive reference to the complete line of Cisco WAN switches, Cisco WAN Switching Professional Reference provides you with an end-to-end solution for implementing, configuring, and troubleshooting these critical components of any large-scale network architecture.
"Wide-area network switching products and technologies form the telecommunications backbone from which service providers deliver all new communications services across our planet. As we build a bigger, better, and faster global communications infrastructure-one of increasing importance to businesses, governments, schools, and individuals across the world-the need for WAN switching professionals becomes vital to the operation of the network upon which the world does business. The Cisco WAN Switching Professional Reference is the only training guide of its kind on the market today, providing a complete and in-depth understanding of WAN switching technologies." -Charles Giancarlo, Senior VP and GM, Cisco Systems, Inc.(r)
This volume is in the Certification and Training Series offered by Cisco Press. Books in this series provide officially developed training solutions on key internetworking topics to help networking professionals understand technology implementations and prepare for the Cisco Career Certifications examinations.
Learning WAN Switching Technologies
By Tracy Thorpe, CCNP
March 28, 2003
When I first became interested in pursuing the recently retired CCNP WAN (Cisco Certified Network Professional WAN Switching) certification, I searched bookshelves and online bookstores for information that would help me better prepare for the four required exams. I was amazed to discover that, except for the Cisco Systems instructor-led courses, no published study or reference materials existed for those who wanted to learn about the WAN switching technologies at the professional level. As a result, I was concerned that the cost, time, and travel requirements for the instructor-led courses would limit their accessibility, and that information about these technologies should therefore be available in book form as an alternative or supplement to the classroom courses.
WAN switching technologies form the telecommunications backbone from which service providers deliver communications services to all corners of our planet. As this global infrastructure becomes more vital to businesses, schools and individuals, so does the necessity of having skilled WAN switching professionals who are trained on the products used to maintain this infrastructure. The Cisco WAN Switching professional Reference was created with this idea in mind. This professional level WAN switching study and reference guide provides information about WAN switching technologies that was not previously available in book stores. Individuals and companies are now able to purchase this book and immediately receive answers to most of their WAN switching questions.
Cisco WAN Switching Professional Reference contains in-depth information about Cisco's three WAN switching platforms: MGX, BPX, and IGX. This technical information covers WAN switch installation and configuration;, voice, IP, ATM and MPLS features; and how internetworking is initiated between Frame Relay and ATM. The book also covers configuration of ATM ports, ATM connections, and SONET APS with useful examples; and implementation of voice and data channels and connections on the IGX switch. I discuss how to synchronize your network with any type of WAN switch, as well as how to troubleshoot your network efficiently and effectively.
The above skills and knowledge are essential for the successful implementation and operation of a WAN switch network. Cisco WAN Switching Professional Reference was published with the idea that greater knowledge about WAN switching technologies would help increase the success of WAN switching professionals who operate the worldwide WAN networks.
This three-course study and reference guide can be used as a supplementary study guide in combination with other Cisco courses or Cisco Press books, or as a reference guide for the day-to-day maintenance and operation of your Cisco WAN switch network. You should also find it useful preparation for the WAN switching portion of the CCIE Communications and Services certification, and the Cisco Qualified Specialist exams for WAN switching.
Professional Training and Career Development.
I. INTRODUCTION.1. Cisco and WAN Switching.
Joining Forces. What Lies Ahead.
II. MULTIBAND SWITCH AND SERVICE CONFIGURATION.2. IGX Product Overview and System Hardware.
IGX System Hardware. 8410 Rack-Mount Chassis. 8420 Standalone Chassis. 8430 Standalone Chassis. IGX Cards. IGX Power Supplies. IGX Network, Trunks, and Lines. IGX Message Formats. FastPacket Format. ATM and STI Cell Formats. Reliability Features. NPM Card Redundancy. Y-Cable Redundancy. Automatic Fault-Management Features. Fault Management. Bandwidth Management Features. IGX Cellbus. Cellbus Lanes. Packet Flow. Voice Packet Flow. Data Packet Flow. Frame Relay. ATM Connections. Frame Relay-to-ATM Interworking. Summary. Review Questions.3. IGX Node Administration, Trunks, and Lines.
IGX Access. Control Port. Auxiliary Port. LAN Port. Logging into the Network. Command-Line Interface Screen. Syntax. Privilege Levels and IGX Entry Methods. IGX Privilege Levels. Direct Entry. Menu-Driven. IGX Commands. help Command. dspcds Command. dspcd Command. dsppwr Command. cnfpwd Command. dsppwd Command. cnfdate and cnftime Commands. cnftmzn Command. cnfterm Command. dsptermfunc Command. cnfprt Command. dspnds Command. cnfname Command. dsplancnf Command. dspnwip Command. Trunk Definition and Types. Trunk Card Groups Hardware Review. Trunk Technologies and Formats. ATM Cell Payloads. Framed Versus Unframed Trunks. Fractional T1, E1, or Y1 Trunks. IMA (Inverse Multiplexed ATM) Trunks. Transmitting FastPackets or ATM Cells on Unframed Trunks. Transmitting FastPackets or ATM Cells on Framed Trunks. Trunk Notation. Calculating NTM Trunk Capacity. Calculating UXM Trunk Capacity. IGX Trunks. Displaying Trunks. Upping a Trunk. Adding a Trunk Between Nodes. Displaying a Trunk's Configuration. Configuring a Trunk. Configurable Trunk Parameters. Displaying the Network. Accessing Remote Nodes in the Network. Deleting a Trunk Between Nodes. Downing a Trunk. Line Definition. Line Types. Line Card Groups Hardware Review. Line Technologies and Formats. Multiplexed Versus Unmultiplexed Lines. Time-Division Multiplexing Review. Line Framing Review. Line Notation. Displaying Lines. Upping a Line. Displaying a Line's Configuration. Configuring a Line. Configurable Line Parameters. Downing a Line. Summary. Review Questions.4. Voice and Data Channels and Connections.
Voice Connections. Voice Connections and Channels. Voice FastPackets. Voice Compression Techniques. Voice Activity Detection. Voice Connection and Channel Commands. Adding a Voice Connection. CVM Voice Connection Types. UVM Voice Connection Types. Configuring Line Pass-Through on a UVM. Displaying Line Pass-Through on a UVM. Adding a Voice Connection. Displaying All Connections. Displaying Detailed Parameters of One Connection. Deleting Connections. Voice Connection and Channel Review. PCM Voice Sample Processing. Voice Activity Detection. Configuring Voice Channel Utilization. Adaptive VAD. High-Speed Modem Detection and Fax Detection. Modem/Fax Upgrades. Configuring Gain. Echo in a Voice Circuit. Echo Perception and Echo Cancellation. Displaying Echo Canceller Parameters. Configuring Echo Canceller Parameters. Signaling Transport and Processing. Voice Signaling Review. CAS Signaling Review. IGX Voice Signaling Topics. Signaling Bit Transport. Signaling Bit Timing. Voice Channel Dial Types. Data Networks. Private Line Replacement. Data Card Groups Hardware Review. Data Connections and Channels. Data Connection Characteristics. Data FastPackets. Building Data FastPackets. Data Frame Multiplexing. Data FastPackets with DFM. Adding a Data Connection. Data Connection Types. Partially Filled FastPackets. Transporting Control Signal States. UVM/CVM Super-Rate Connections. CVM DS0A Subrate Connections. UVM/CVM Transparent Data Connections. Zero Code Suppression Review. FastPacket Coding. Displaying All Connections. Displaying Detailed Parameters of One Connection. Deleting Connections. Data Channel Commands. Data Channels. Data Channel Types. Configurable Data Channel Characteristics. Configuring Data Channel Utilization. Serial Data Channel Review. DCE and DTE. Input Control Signal Transport. Configuring Input Control Signal Sampling. Specifying Output Control Signals. Interface Control Templates Example. Displaying Interface Control Templates. Configuring Output Control Signals. Configuring an ICT. Copying Interface Control Templates. Data Channel Clocking. Isochronous Data Clocking. Configuring a Data Channel's Clock Mode. Displaying Real-Time Control and Clock Signals. Data Channel Configuration Summary Display. References. Summary. Review Questions.5. Frame Relay Ports and Connections.
Frame Relay. Frame Relay Cards. Port Queues. Signaling Protocols. Signaling Protocol Timers and Counters. Asynchronous Update Mode. Network-to-Network Interface. Frame Relay Port Commands. Configuring Frame Relay Ports. Modifying Frame Relay Ports. Frame Relay Connections. Global Addressing. Converting Frame Relay Frames to FastPackets. First or Middle FastPacket Header. Explicit Forward Congestion Notification. Cell Loss Priority. Rate Adjustment. Hop Count. Last FastPacket Header. VC Queues. VC Queue Parameters. Standard Versus Cisco Parameters. UFM Leaky Bucket Policing. ForeSight in the Network. What Is Congestion? ForeSight Rate Adjustments. ForeSight and VC Queue Servicing. Bit-Oriented Protocol Frame Structures. Frame Forwarding. Frame Relay Channel Statistics. Frame Relay Connection Commands. Configuring Frame Relay Connections. Summary. Review Questions.6. ATM Ports and Connections and ATM-to-Frame Relay Interworking.
ATM Ports. ATM Port Commands. dspcd Command. dspports Command. dspport Command. upport Command. cnfport Command. dspportq Command. cnfportq Command. ATM Connections. Types of ATM Connections. Connection Policing. Leaky Bucket Model. Dual Leaky Bucket Model. CBR Traffic Policing. VBR Traffic Policing. ABR Traffic Policing. UBR Traffic Policing. ABR Flow Control. VC Queuing for ABR Traffic. Congestion Control Segments. Standard ABR. ABR Implementation on the UXM. ABRSTD Rate Adjustment. ABR ForeSight Rate Adjustments. ABRFST Rate Adjustment. ATM Connection Commands. addcon Command. delcon Command. cnfcls Command. dspcls Command. dspcon Command. dspcons Command. cnfcon Command. References. Interworking ATM and Frame Relay. Frame Relay Service-Specific Convergence Sublayer. Service Interworking. ATM Encapsulation. Frame Relay Encapsulation. Adding ATM-Frame Relay Connections. Summary. Review Questions.7. Connection Routing, Synchronizing the Network, and Managing Jobs.
Connection Admission Control. Load Model Versus Actual Utilization. Estimating Connection Load. Connection Characteristics. Expected Versus Actual Trunk Loading. Handling Bursts. Statistical Reserve. IGX Commands Used to Configure Routes. Configuring Routes. Types of Routes. Reasons for Rerouting. Rules for Rerouting. dspload Command. dsptrkutl Command. dsprts Command. cnfpref Command. cnfrtcost Command. cnfcos Command. dncon Command. upcon Command. IGX Commands Used for Network Synchronization. Network Synchronization. Carrier Network Timing. Clock Sources. IGX Trunks as Clock Sources. Rules for Selecting a Clock Reference. dspclksrcs Command. dspcurclk Command. cnfclksrc Command. dspalms Command. dsptrks Command. clrclkalm Command. IGX Commands Used to Manage Jobs. Managing Jobs. Job Privilege Levels. Creating Jobs. Planning a Job. Job Execution. Editing a Job. Stopping a Job. Creating Job Triggers. addjob Command. dspjobs Command. dspjob Command. editjob Command. runjob Command. stopjob Command. deljob Command. addjobtrig Command. deljobtrig Command. Summary. Review Questions.8. Troubleshooting.
Major and Minor Alarms. Locating Alarms. Hardware LEDs. Alarm Categories. Card Alarms. Bus Alarms. Trunk Alarms. Line Alarms. Port Alarms. Connection Alarms. Troubleshooting Commands. dspalms Command. dsplog Command. clrlog Command. dsptrkerrs Command. cnftrkalm Command. clrtrkalm Command. dsplnerrs Command. dsplnalmcnf Command. cnflnalm Command. clrlnalm Command. resetcd Command. addloclp Command. addrmtlp Command. addextlp Command. dellp Command. tstcon Command. Connection Testing. tstcon Command. Local Loopback. Remote Loopback. External Loopback. Using the Data Faceplate. Summary. Review Questions.
III. BPX SWITCH AND SERVICE CONFIGURATION.9. BPX Product Overview and System Hardware.
The BPX Product Family. Trunks, Lines, and Connections. Trunks. Lines. Connections. BPX Service Types. Traffic and QoS Parameters. ATM Cell Format and Cell Relay Switching Features. ATM Cell Format. Cell Relay Switching Features. Administrative Access to BPX. Reliability Features. Y-Cable Redundancy. SONET/SDH Automatic Protection Switching. Automatic Fault Management. BPX Network Features. Network Types. Sample Cisco WAN Network. Service Expansion Shelf. BPX Functions. BPX System Hardware. Chassis. Card Groups. BPX Card Module Groups. BPX Common Core. Broadband Network Interface. Polling Polling Cycle. Polling Cycle Example. BPX System Software. Network Operating System. Network and Platform Software. Connection Admission Control. Traffic Management. Usage Parameter Control. Frame-Based Traffic Control. Closed-Loop Congestion Avoidance. QoS Management. Summary. Review Questions.10. Accessing the CLI and Initial Configuration of the BPX Switch.
The BPX CLI. Control Port. Auxiliary Port. LAN Port. IP Relay. Summary of CLI Access Methods. CLI Command Syntax. Examples of Command Structure. Command Examples. Command Entry Modes and Privilege Levels. Logging into and Out of the Network. CLI Screen. Keyboard Shortcuts. Using help or ? Using the help [character string] or ? [character string] Command. Using the help [command] or ? [command] Command. Using Repeating Commands: . (Dot). Logging Out of the BPX: bye. Commands for the Initial Configuration of BPX. adduser Command. cnfpwd Command. dspcds Command. dspcd Command. dsppwr Command. cnfasm Command. cnfname Command. dspnds Command. cnftmzn Command. cnfdate Command. cnftime Command. cnfterm Command. cnftermfunc Command. window Command. dspprtcnf Command. cnfprt Command. cnflan Command. cnfnwip Command. Adding New Users and Modifying Passwords. How to Add and Display Users and Modify Passwords. Displaying and Monitoring System Data. How to Display and Monitor System Data. Displaying All Cards: dspcds. Displaying Specific Cards: dspcd. Displaying Power: dsppwr. Displaying the Alarm Status Monitor: dspasm. Configuring the Alarm Status Monitor: cnfasm. Assigning Node Names. Node Names and Node Numbers. How to Assign and Verify Node Names. Configuring Node Names: cnfname. Displaying Nodes: dspnds. Setting the System Time and Date. Network-Wide Settings. cnftmzn Command. cnfdate Command. cnftime Command. How to Set the Time Zone, Date, and Time. Displaying and Configuring Serial Ports. Serial Port Communications Parameters. Serial Port Functions. How to Display and Modify Serial Port Configurations and Functions. Displaying Terminal Port Configurations: dsptermcnf. Configuring Terminal Ports: cnfterm. Displaying Port Functions: dsptermfunc. Displaying the Printer Configuration: dspprtcnf. Configuring Print Modes: cnfprt. Using an External Device Window. How to Display and Use the External Device Window. Windowing to External Devices: window. Configuring Node and Network IP Addresses. BPX IP Addressing Schemes. IP Address Locations. How to Configure IP Addresses. Configuring the LAN Port: cnflan. Configuring Network IP: cnfnwip. Displaying the Network IP Address: dspnwip. Summary. Review Questions.11. Configuring Network Trunks and Access Lines.
What Is a Trunk? Trunk Definition. BPX Card Modules That Support Trunks. What Is a Virtual Trunk? Virtual Trunk Definition. Physical and Virtual Trunk Differences. BXM Virtual Interface. BPX Support for Virtual Trunks. Trunk Resource Partitions. Virtual Switch Interface Controllers. Which Resources Are Partitioned? Example of Trunk Resource Partitioning. Summary of Enabled Partitions. Dynamic Partitioning. Activating, Configuring, and Deactivating Network Trunks. How to Activate, Configure, and Deactivate Network Trunks. uptrk Command. cnftrk Command. addtrk Command. dsprtks Command. dsptrkcnf Command. deltrk Command. dntrk Command. vt Command. Steps Used to Activate, Configure, and Deactivate Network Trunks. Steps Used to Activate and Configure Network Trunks. Deactivating Network Trunks. What Is a Line? BPX Modules Supporting Access Lines. Commands for Access Lines. Activating, Configuring, and Deactivating Access Lines. dsplns Command. upln Command. cnfrsrc Command. dsplncnf Command. cnfln Command. Steps Used to Activate, Configure, and Deactivate Access Lines. How to Activate and Configure Access Lines. Deactivating Access Lines. Summary. Review Questions.12. Configuring SONET APS.
SONET APS. Basic APS Operation. APS Versions. APS 1:1 Line Redundancy. APS 1+1 Card and Line Redundancy. APS Automatic Operation. APS Manual Operation. K1K2 Control Protocol. APS Implementation on BPX. APS 1:1. APS 1+1. APS 1+1 G.783 Annex B. APS Compared to Y-Redundancy. Activating and Configuring APS. APS Configuration. APS 1+1 Implementation on BXM. Commands for APS. Configuring and Verifying APS Operation. Displaying Cards: dspcd. Adding Card Redundancy: addcdred. Adding APS Line Pairs: addapsln. Configuring APS Lines: cnfapsln. Switching APS Lines: switchapsln. Command Precedence. Summary. Review Questions.13. Configuring ATM Ports.
What Is an ATM Port? Port Definition. Virtual Port Applications. Physical and Virtual Port Differences. BXM Virtual Interface. What Is a Port Queue? Port Queue Definition. BXM Port Queues. Configurable Thresholds. What Is Traffic Shaping? Definition. Implementation. Virtual Port Traffic Shaping. Signaling Protocols. LMI/ILMI Overview. LMI Signaling Protocol. ILMI Signaling Protocol. Activating, Configuring, and Deactivating ATM Ports. Commands for ATM Ports. Steps for Activating, Configuring, and Deactivating ATM Ports. Monitoring and Resolving ATM Port Failures. Commands for Monitoring ATM Port Failures. Steps for Monitoring and Resolving ATM Port Failures. Summary. Review Questions.14. Configuring ATM Connections and Routing AutoRoute Connections.
ATM Connections. ATM Connection Definition. ATM Connection Types. Constant Bit Rate. Variable Bit Rate. Available Bit Rate. Unspecified Bit Rate. Traffic Management Overview. The Role of Traffic Management. Traffic Control Mechanisms. Congestion Control Mechanisms. Traffic Policing. Leaky Bucket Model. Dual Leaky Bucket Model. Policing Implementation for Different Service Types. VC Queues. VC Queue Thresholds. Frame-Based Traffic Control. FBTC Implementation on BXM. Standard ABR. ABR Feedback Mechanism. Resource Management Cells. RM Cell Generation. Operation of Standard ABR in BPX. ABR Standard Implementation on BXM. ABR Standard Rate Adjustments. ABR with ForeSight. Comparison of ABR Standard and ABR ForeSight. ABRFST RM Cell. ABRFST Rate Adjustments. ATM-to-Frame Relay Interworking. NIW and SIW Implementation. BPX Interworking Connection Types. NIW Operation. SIW Operation. Multicast Services. Adding BME Multicast Connections. Multicast Addressing Conventions. Establishing and Configuring ATM Connections. Commands for Establishing and Configuring ATM Connections. How to Establish and Configure ATM Connections. Verifying That BXM Lines and Ports Are Free of Alarms. Monitoring ATM Connections. Channel Statistics. Statistics Applications. Testing. Troubleshooting. Multilevel Channel Statistics. Commands for Monitoring ATM Connections. How to Monitor ATM Connections. Verifying the Card Statistics Level. Determining Connection Routes. BPX Routing Criteria. AutoRoute Routing. Types of Routes. Reasons for Rerouting. Rules for Rerouting. Optional Routing Schemes. Trunk Bandwidth Allocation. Load Model Versus Actual Utilization. Handling Bursts. Connection Load. Connection Characteristics. Connection Load Uses. Expected Versus Actual Trunk Loading. Commands for Routing Networks. How to Route and Configure Connections. Summary. Review Questions.15. Synchronizing the Network and Troubleshooting.
Network Synchronization. Carrier Network Timing. Clock Sources. BPX Trunks as Clock Sources. Rules for Selecting a Clock Reference. Synchronization Example. Commands for Synchronizing Networks. How to Synchronize Networks. What Is an Alarm? Node and Network Alarms. Monitoring and Resolving BPX Trunk Alarms. Statistical and Physical Trunk Errors. Commands for BPX Trunk Alarms. How to Monitor and Resolve BPX Trunk Alarms. Monitoring and Resolving BPX Line Alarms. Statistical and Physical Line Errors. Commands for BPX Line Alarms. How to Monitor and Resolve BPX Line Alarms. Locating Alarms. Local Alarms. Remote Alarms. Hardware LEDs. Alarm Categories. Card Alarms. Bus Alarms. Connection Alarms. Multicast Connection Alarms. Monitoring Multicast Connections. Connection Testing. Testing Connection Integrity. Commands for Troubleshooting. dspslotalms Command. dspsloterrs Command. dspslotalmcnf Command. addloclp Command. addrmtlp Command. dellp Command. resetcd Command. Summary. Review Questions.
IV. MGX ATM CONCENTRATOR CONFIGURATION.16. MGX Product Overview and System Hardware.
The MGX Product Family. MGX Feature Comparison. MGX Product Features. MGX User Services. MGX Optional Features. Network Management. CLI. CWM. Customized SNMP Management Tools. MGX Networking. MGX 8850-PXM45/8230 Tiered Network. BPX/MGX 8250 Tiered Network. MGX Standalone Devices. MGX 8850-PXM45 and a BPX/SES PNNI Network. MGX 8850 Processor Cards. The PXM1. PXM1 Back Cards. PXM1 Functions. The SRM Card. SRM Functions. The RPM Card. RPM Functions. Types of RPM. RPM Front and Back Cards. MGX Service Modules. CESM Features. FRSM Features. AUSM Features. VISM Features. Reserved Card Slots. High and Low-Speed Card Modules. Configuring Double-Height Card Slots. MGX Required Features and Hardware. Guidelines. Frame Relay Only Example. Multiservice Example. Summary. Review Questions.17. The User Interface and MGX Network Configuration.
Methods for Connecting to the Command-Line Interface. MGX Command Syntax. Add Port Command Example. Configure Line Command Example. Help Command. Finding Command Syntax. MGX CLI Error Messages. MGX User IDs and Passwords. Commands for Managing User IDs and Passwords. Logging into and out of the MGX CLI. Card and Port Resource Partitions. FRSM Example. MGX Node Configuration Commands. Display Cards Command. Display Card Command. Display Interface IP Command. Configure Name Command. Display Card Resource Partitions Command. Redundancy on the MGX Switch. Service Module Redundancy. 1-to-N Redundancy Process. MGX Card Redundancy Commands. Add Redundancy Command. Display Redundancy Command. Summary. Review Questions.18. Lines, Feeder Nodes, and SONET APS.
Lines. PXM1 OC-3c Example. FRSM-8T1 Example. MGX Commands. Display Lines Command. Display Line Command. Add Line Command. Configure Line Command. Display Alarm(s) Commands. Display and Configure ATM Line Commands. Add Port, Configure Port, and Delete Port Commands. Display Ports Command. Display Port Resource Partition Command. Display Trunks Command. Configure Interface as Trunk Command. Commands for Displaying, Adding, and Configuring Lines. The Display Lines Command. The Display DS3 Lines Command. Display DS3 Line Command. The Add Line Command for MGX Service Modules. The Configure Line Command. Commands for Monitoring Line Alarms and Errors. The Display Alarms Command. The Display Alarm Command. The Display Alarm Counter Command. The Configure Bit Error Rate Test Command. The Display BERT Command. How to Add Lines to an MGX Service Module. SRM-3T3 Distribution of T1 Lines. SRM-3T3 Features. T1 Line Distribution Process. Commands for T1 Line Distribution. How to Test T1 and E1 Lines on MGX Service Modules. Bit Error Rate Testing. Procedures for Testing T1 and E1 Lines on MGX Service Modules. Feeder Nodes. Types of Feeder and Backbone Nodes. How to Add a Feeder to a BPX Network. How to Add a Feeder to an MGX 8850-PXM45 Network. Setting Up an MGX 8850 Standalone Switch. Sonet APS. APS Versions. APS 1+1 Unidirectional Example. Commands for Configuring SONET APS on a PXM1 Line. Summary. Review Questions.19. Connection Types.
Supported VC Types: PVCs, SPVCs, and SVCs. PVC Definition. SPVC Definition. SVC Definition. PVC Example. SPVC Example. SVC Example. Connection Types in the Backbone Network. BPX Connection Types. MGX 8850-PXM45 Connection Types. Connection Types for MGX Feeder Connections. MGX Connections. Network Connections. Slave and Master Connection Definitions. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying MGX 8850-PXM45 Connections. Add Connection Command. Delete Connection Command. Delete Connections Command. Configure Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. How to Add a Connection in an MGX 8850-PXM45 Network. Circuit Emulation Ports. Support of Unstructured and Structured Ports. Unstructured Example. Structured Example. Circuit Emulation Connections. Signaling on Connections. Feeder Example. Local Example. Circuit Emulation Clocking Modes. Synchronous Clocking. SRTS Clocking. Adaptive Clocking. How the CESM Manages Traffic. CESM Egress Queues. Ingress Traffic. Egress Traffic. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying Circuit Emulation Ports. Add Port Command. Display Ports Command. Display Port Command. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying Circuit Emulation Connections. Add Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. Configure Connection Command. Commands for Verifying Circuit Emulation Connections. Test Connection Command. Test Delay Command. Display Channel Count Command. How to Create Circuit Emulation Services in an MGX Network. Summary. Review Questions.20. Frame Relay Ports and Connections.
Frame Relay Ports. Port Types. Serial Frame Relay Ports. Narrowband Channelized Frame Relay Ports. Narrowband Fractional Frame Relay Ports. FRSM Port Queues. Low-Speed FRSM Port Queues. High-Speed FRSM Port Queues. How Traffic Moves Through the FRSM. Ingress Frame Relay Traffic for Low-Speed FRSMs. Ingress Frame Relay Traffic for High-Speed FRSMs. Egress Frame Relay Traffic for Low-Speed FRSMs. Egress Frame Relay Traffic for High-Speed FRSMs Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying Frame Relay Ports. Display Ports Command. Display Port Command. Add Port Command. Configure Port Command. Extended Configure Port Command. Configure Port CLLM Command. Commands for Monitoring Frame Relay Ports. Display Port Counter Command. Configuring a Frame Relay Port on an FRSM. Frame Relay Connections. Connection Types. Feeder Example. Local Example. Interworking. Network Interworking. Service Interworking. Frame Relay Policing. Low-Speed FRSM Policing. Low-Speed FRSM Example. High-Speed FRSM Policing. High-Speed FRSM Example. ForeSight on Frame Relay Connections. Potential Congestion Locations. ForeSight Congestion Criteria. ForeSight Configurable Characteristics. Example of a Congested Network. Example of an Uncongested Network. ABR for Frame Relay .The RM Cell. When Are RM Cells Sent? Potential Congestion Locations. ABR Rate Adjustments. Configurable ABR Connection Parameters. Example of a Congested Network. Example of an Uncongested Network. VC Queues on the FRSM. Initial Burst Size Definition. Initial Burst Size Example.Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying Frame Relay Connections. Add Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. Configure Channel Policing Command. Configure Channel Excess Information Rate Command. Configure Channel ABR Parameters Command. Configure Channel ForeSight Command. Configure Channel Mapping Command. Configure Channel Ingress and Egress Queue Commands. Commands for Verifying Frame Relay Connections. Test Connection Command. Test Delay Command. Display Channel Count Command. Creating Frame Relay Connections in an MGX Network. Summary. Review Questions.21. ATM Ports and Connections.
ATM Ports. ATM Port. IMA Port. Inverse Multiplexing Over ATM. AUSM Port Queues. QBin Characteristics. QBin Configuration Example. Virtual Circuit Queues. How Cells Move Though the AUSM. Ingress ATM Traffic. Egress ATM Traffic. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying ATM Ports on the AUSM. Display Ports Command. Display Port Command. Add Port Command. Add IMA Group Command. Configure IMA Group Command. Display Port Queues Command. Display Port Queue Command. Extended Configure Port Queue Command. Display ILMI Command. Configure ILMI Command. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying ATM Ports on the PXM1. Display Ports Command. Add Port Command. Display Port Resource Partition Command. Configure ILMI Command. Display ILMIs Command. Commands for Monitoring ATM Ports. Display Port Counter Command. Display ILMI Counter Command. How to Configure an ATM Port on the AUSM and PXM1. ATM Connections. Connection Types. ATM Feeder Connection. ATM Local Connection. ATM Class of Service. ATM Classes of Service. ATM Policing. Leaky Bucket Model. Dual Leaky Bucket Model. Leaky Bucket Characteristics. Policing Based on Class of Service. Time-Based Model for PCR and CDVT. CBR Example. VBR Example. ForeSight on ATM Connections. Potential Congestion Locations. ForeSight Congestion Criteria. ForeSight Configurable Characteristics. ABR for ATM. Potential Congestion Locations. VC Queues on the AUSM. Frame-Based Traffic Control. Configuration Example. Queue Characteristics. Commands for Adding, Displaying, and Configuring ATM Connections on the AUSM. Add Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. Configure Channel ForeSight Command. Configure UPC CBR Command. Configure UPC VBR Command. Configure UPC rt-VBR Command. Configure UPC ABR Command. Configure UPC UBR Command. Configure Connection ABR Parameters Command. Display Connection Standard ABR Command. Configure Channel Queue Command. Commands for Adding, Displaying, and Configuring ATM Connections on the PXM1. Add Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. Display Channels Command. Display Channel Command. Configure UPC CBR Command. Configure UPC VBR Command. Configure UPC ABR Command. Configure UPC UBR Command. Configure Channel Queue Command. Commands for Verifying ATM Connections. Display Channel Count Command. Test Connection Command. Test Delay Command. Test Connection Segment Command. How to Create ATM Connections on the AUSM and PXM1. AUSM Procedure. PXM1 Procedure. Summary. Review Questions.22. Voice, IP, and ATM MPLS Features.
VISM Overview. MPLS Overview. RPM Overview. VISM Voice Features. VISM Release 1.5 Features. VISM Release 2.0 Features. VISM Release 2.1 Features. Voice Connections. Endpoints. Channel Identifiers. Feeder Example. Local Example. How PCM Samples Are Converted into ATM Cells. AAL2 Segmentation. AAL2 Coding. Voice Over AAL2 Network. VoIP Network. Voice Over ATM Services on the VISM. Digital Signal Processors. VISM Clocking. VISM Clocking Options. Configuration Procedures. Commands for Adding, Configuring, and Displaying Voice Connections. Display VISM Parameter Command. Configure VISM Mode Command. Add Port Command. Display Port Command. Add Resource Partition Command. Display Resource Partition Command. Configure Line Signaling Command. Display Line DSP Command. Add Endpoint and Add Endpoints Commands. Display Endpoints Command. Display Endpoint Command. Add Connection Command. Display Connections Command. Display Connection Command. Add CID Command. Display CIDs Command. Display CID Command. Commands for Verifying Voice Connections. Test Connection Command. Test Delay Command. Display Connection Count Command. Display Managed CID Counter Command. Introduction to Multiprotocol Label Switching. ATM MPLS Technical and Business Benefits. Label Switching Advantages. The Problem of Persistent Loops Due to Protocol Conflicts. Cisco WAN Switches with MPLS Support. MPLS Features Supported on the MGX Switch. MPLS Networks Using the MGX Switch. Setting Up MPLS on the MGX Switch. Network Topology. MPLS and Virtual Private Networks Using the Route Processor Module. VPN Requirements. MPLS VPN Features. Supported Platforms. How Do VPNs Work? VPNs for MPLS. VPN Route-Target Communities and Export and Import Lists. IBGP Distribution of VPN Routing Information. Label Forwarding. RPM Memory Locations. RPM Port Numbering. Definition. Cisco IOS Command-Line Interface. RPM CLI Access. CLI Modes. Entering Commands. Changing the RPM Configuration. Commands for Configuring the RPM. Enable Command. Show Running Configuration and Show Startup Configuration Commands. Copy Command. Reload Command. Configure Terminal Command. Boot System Command. Hostname Command. Enable Password Command. Line Command. Password Command. RPM Resource Partition Command. Commands for Setting Up the RPM ATM Switch Interface. Show Interface Command. Interface Command. Shutdown Command. How to Set Up the RPM. Configuring Subinterfaces. Subinterface Example. PVCs on the RPM. Commands for Configuring Subinterfaces. Show Interface Command. Interface Command. Shutdown Command. IP Address Command. Commands for Creating and Displaying PVCs on the RPM. ATM PVC Command. Show ATM Virtual Circuit Command. Map Group Command. Map List Command. IP Command. Show ATM Map Command. Add Connection Command. Show Switch Connections Command. Creating Connections on the RPM. Summary. Review Questions.Appendix A. Answers to Review Questions.
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