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AutoCAD for Architecture

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AutoCAD for Architecture


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  • Fully compatible with Release 2000i and Release 2000.
  • In-depth coverage of commands significant to architectural drawing—e.g., MULTILINE; and AIA CAD Layer guidelines.
    • Gives special attention to commands that are architecture specific and procedures that apply to architectural drawings so that students can increase their productivity. Ex.___

  • Step-by-step exercises throughout.
    • Enables students to practice what they have learned, and learn while practicing. Ex.___

  • Extensive coverage of Express Tools.
    • Provides students with progressive material on advanced topics. Ex.___

  • Detailed treatment of drawing set-up procedures.
    • Offers students a solid foundation upon which to build their AutoCAD knowledge and skills, and presents them with time saving standards. Ex.___

  • Tips, tricks, warnings, and shortcuts.
    • Allows students to incorporate a different procedure, present an alternate point of view, be alert to things they should not do, and save drawing time. Ex.___

  • More than 150 real-world, hands-on drawing exercises.
    • Prepares students for work they will do on a daily basis in their architecture-related profession. Ex.___

  • The “Tool and Apparatus” concept—Central to each chapter and exercise.
    • Explains a command, option, or procedure as a tool, so that students can execute it with an exercise as an apparatus. Ex.___

  • Logical, progressive presentation.
    • Supplies students with a format in which each chapter is built upon the skills covered in the previous one. Ex.___

  • Chapter-opening objectives.
    • Outlines what tasks students should be able to perform upon completion of that chapter. Ex.___

  • Chaper tests.
    • Offers students an opportunity to review key AutoCAD commands, terms, concepts, and processes. Ex.___

  • Tables and charts.
    • Highlights certain parts of the text to enhance students' understanding of important material. Ex.___


  • Copyright 2002
  • Dimensions: 8-1/2" x 11"
  • Pages: 864
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-091436-3
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-091436-1

This comprehensive text leads students through the basic fundamentals and advanced features of AutoCAD for architectural drawing. Step-by-step exercises and applications with tutorials make this a hands-on learning system. Saka teaches students how to produce architectural working drawings and construction-related documents accurately and precisely, along with the skills required to master 2D drawing commands and procedures.

  • Based on AutoCAD 2000 and 20001. Updates for new releases provided at website www.prenhall.com/saka
  • In-depth coverage of commands significant to architectural drawinge—e.g., MULTILINE; and AIA CAD Layer guidelines.
  • Step-by-step exercises throughout.
  • Extensive coverage of Express Tools.
  • Detailed treatment of drawing set-up procedures.
  • Tips, tricks, warnings, and shortcuts.
  • More than 150 real-world, hands-on drawing exercises.
  • Logical, progressive presentation.
  • Chapter-opening objectives.
  • Chapter tests.
  • Tables and charts.

VISIT www.prenhall.com/saka for drawing files and release updates

Sample Content

Table of Contents

Chapters end with Review Questions and Problems.</D>

1. Introduction to AutoCAD 2000i and AutoCAD 2000.

The Architect's Tools of CAD. The Digital Designforce. AutoCAD 2000i and AutoCAD 2000. Launching AutoCAD 2000i. AutoCAD 2000 Startup Feature. AutoCAD 2000 Graphics Window. Resizing a Floating Toolbar. Right-Click Shortcut Menu. Right-Click Customization. MS IntelliMouse Functions. Internet Functions of AutoCAD 2000i. Internet Functions of AutoCAD 2000. What Else Is New in AutoCAD 2000? Useful CAD Web Sites. The Ergonomics of the CAD Workstation.

2. Establishing Drawing Settings.

Organizing and Planning for AutoCAD Drawings. Understanding Drawing Settings. Considerations Before Drawing. Understanding Drawing Units. Understanding Drawing Precision. Angle Format. Angle Direction. Understanding Drawing Scale in Relation to Final Outcome of the Drawing. Introduction to Scale Factor, Sheet Size, and Limits. Scale Factor and Text Height.

3. Establishing Drawing Setup.

Understanding Drawing Setup. Starting a New Drawing. Startup Recommendations. Using Limits to Change Drawing Scale and Paper Size. Opening a Drawing.

4. Establishing Drawing Aids.

Using Drawing Aids. Creating a Grid on the Screen. Establishing a Snap for the Grid. Establishing Grid and Snap Using a Dialog Box. Using System Variables. Establishing Grid and Snap at the Command Line.

5. Drawing Lines.

Drawing Lines with AutoCAD. Accessing Commands. Using the LINE Command. Drawing Lines Using Grid and Snap Spacing. Using Point Entry Systems to Draw Lines. Drawing Lines at an Angle. Using the Ortho Mode. Using the Direct Distance Point Entry System. Creating Openings in Floor Plans. Using the COORDS System Variable. Using Blips in Drawings. Drawing Parallel Lines with the OFFSET Command. Creating Construction Lines. UNDOing and REDOing Commands.

6. Drawing Basic Objects and Shapes.

The Dragging Effect of Objects. Single and Multi-Entity Objects. Drawing Polylines. Drawing Round and Semiround Objects. Drawing Circular Polylines. Drawing Solid Objects. Drawing Rectangles. Drawing Polygons. Drawing Angled and Rounded Corners. Drawing Freehand Lines. Drawing Perfect Curves. Drawing Revision Clouds.

7. Creating Precision Points and Segments.

The Object Snap and AutoTrack Modes. Object Snap. Object Snap Modes. Setting Running Object Snap Modes. AutoTrack. Object Snap Tracking. Establishing Points on Screen. Establishing Points on Objects.

8. Saving and Ending Drawings.

Saving Drawings. Naming Drawings. Drawing File and Summary Information. Exiting AutoCAD.

9. Creating Layers, Linetypes, and Lineweights.

Introduction to Layers. Why Use Layers? Creating Object Properties ByLayer. Naming Layers. Creating Layers. Using the Object Properties Toolbar. Making a Layer Current. Deleting Layers. Establishing Lineweights. Managing Lineweights. Lineweights in Model and Paper Space. Status of Layers. Layer Details Area. Managing Layers. Managing Linetypes. Establishing Linetype Scale. Express Layer Tools.

10. Multiple Design Environment and AutoCAD DesignCenter.

The Multiple Design Environment (MDE). Work Across Drawings. Copying Information Between Drawings. The AutoCAD DesignCenter (ADC). Using the AutoCAD DesignCenter.

11. Displaying Objects and Creating Views.

Getting Close to Your Work. Zoom Options. Zoom Realtime. Pan Realtime. Zoom and Pan Realtime Duo with Right-Click. Using Zoom Transparently. Drawing View Display Accuracy. Creating Drawing Views. Using the -View Command. Using the Aerial View Window.

12. Bask Editing and Modifying.

Introduction to Modifying. Creating a Selection Set for Editing. Erasing Objects. Removing Objects from the Selection Set. Adding Objects to the Selection Set After Removing Objects from the Selection Set. Using the OOPS Command. The PICKAUTO System Variable. Adding All Objects to the Selection Set. Reselecting a Previous Selection Set. Editing Stacked Objects. Using Express Selection Tools. Using the TRIM Command. Using the EXTEND Command. Using the LENGTHEN Command. Using the SCALE Command. Changing the Scale of the Entire Drawing. Using the STRETCH Command. Using the MOVE Command. Using the COPY Command. Using the ROTATE Command. Move Copy Rotate Express Tools. Using the MIRROR Command. Using the ALIGN Command. Using the ARRAY Command. Using the CHANGE Command. Using the SELECT Command. Using the BREAK Command. Creating and Naming Object Groups. Creating a Selection Set Based on Object Type and Properties: Using the QSELECT Command. Editing Polylines.

13. Advanced Editing.

Automatic Editing. Editing Objects with Grips. Object Selection Modes. Using the Properties Window. Using Quick Select with Properties Window. Changing Object Properties Using Match Properities.

14. Creating Text Styles and Placing Text.

Creating Text Styles. Calculating Text Heights. Placing Text on Drawings. Using the DTEXT and TEXT Commands. Using the MTEXT Command. Using the MTEXT Shortcut Menu. Using the QTEXT Command. Editing Text. Express Text Tools.

15. Managing AutoCAD Files and Establishing User Settings.

Using Windows Explorer. Search Paths and File Locations. Creating User Profiles. Using the Options Dialog Box.

16. Drawing Information at Your Fingertips.

Using the Inquiry Toolbar. Finding the Distance Between Two Points. Listing Object Information. Listing Drawing Information. Finding Coordinates for a Point. Finding Areas of Objects and Shapes. Displaying Mass Properties of Shapes.

17. Drawing MultiLines.

Introdction to MultiLines. Advantages of the MultiLine Command. The MultiLine Command. Using the Equation Method to Calculate Offset Values. Multiple Use of the MultiLine Scale Option. Using the Alternate Equation Method to Calculate Offset Values. Using the Direct Distance Offset Method to Calculate Offset Values. Using the MultiLine Properties Dialog Box. Drawing Floor Plans with the MultiLine Command. Developing a Library of MultiLines. Editing MultiLines. Stretching MultiLines. Automatically Editing MultiLines with Grips.

18. Architectural Dimensioning.

Architectural Dimensioning Principles. Using the Dimension Style Manager Dialog Box. Using the Create New Dimension Style Dialog Box. Using the New Dimension Style Dialog Box. Dimensioning Applications. Changing Dimensioning Variables During Dimensioning. Dimensioning Mode. Associative Dimensioning. Dimension Definition Points. Editing Dimensions. Using the WIPEOUT Command to Break One of the Overlapping Extension Lines.

19. Creating Architectural Symbols.

The Role of Architectural Symbols. Blocks. Wblocks. Symbols Library. Size and Scale of Blocks. Calculating Insertion Scale Factors. Color and Linetype of Blocks and Wblocks. Creating Block Definition. Creating Wblocks. Inserting Blocks and Wblocks. Creating Architectural Symbols Library. Nesting Blocks. Multiple Block Insertions. Inserting Blocks Using the Multiple Design Environment. Inserting Blocks Using the AutoCAD DesignCenter. Renaming Blocks. Editing Blocks. Express Block Tools. Purging Objects from a Drawing.

20. Creating Architectural Graphic Patterns.

Creating Hatch Patterns. Using ANSI Hatch Patterns. Using Other Predefined Hatch Patterns. Hatch Visibility. Using the Hatch Command. Direct Hatching. Creating Batt Insulation. Editing Hatch Patterns and Boundaries. Using the Super Hatch Express Tool. Editing Super Hatch Patterns.

21. Assigning Attributes to Symbols.

What Are Attributes? Assigning Attribute Information. Assigning Attributes at the Command Line. Assigning Attributes to Existing Blocks. Inserting Blocks with Attributes Using the Command Line. Inserting Blocks with Attributes Using a Dialog Box. Controlling Attribute Visibility. Suppressing Attribute Prompts. Editing Attributes. Redefining Attributes. Assigning Attributes to Title Blocks. Extracting Attributes.

22. Layouts and Paper Spare.

Model Space, Layouts, and Paper Space. Model Space and Paper Space Viewports. Creating Layouts. Copying Layouts Using AutoCAD DesignCenter. Deleting Layouts. Renaming Layouts. Working with Layout Elements. Page Setup. Creating Tiled Viewports. Creating Rectangular Floating Viewports in Paper Space. Creating Polygonal Floating Viewports in Paper Space. Converting Paper Space Objects to Viewports. Switching Between Model Space and Paper Space. Scaling Viewports. Clipping Existing Viewports. Locking Viewport Scale.

23. Printing and Plotting.

Introduction to Printing and Plotting. Plotting Procedures. Plot Styles. Creating Plot Style Tables. Printing and Plotting from the Model Tab. Printing and Plotting from Paper Space Layouts. Editing Plot Style Tables.

24. Externally Referenced Drawings.

External References. The XREF Command. Attaching External References. Detaching, Reloading, and Unloading External References. Binding External References. The XBIND Command. Clipping External References. Editing Referenced Drawings. Demand Loading and Access to Referenced Drawings. Using XRefs in Paper Space Layouts.

Appendix A. Dimensioning Variables.

Appendix B. AIA (256-Color) Layers.



This book provides detailed and systematic explanation of the commands, system variables, tools, procedures, processes, and techniques of AutoCAD for creating architectural and construction-related drawings. It is a practical and comprehensive learning tool, text, and workbook that teaches basic and advanced AutoCAD skills to architects, interior designers, facilities planners, building contractors, architectural drafters, and students of architecture, interior design, and construction. It includes step-by-step exercises for hands-on practical applications that provide the know-how to create basic drawings used in architectural working drawings and construction documents. Commands and procedures ale presented in a logical sequence that is easy to read and understand. The primary objective of this book is to provide enough tools that relate to architectural applications of AutoCAD and not to cover every command and procedure. It is a textbook, not an encyclopedia. Other specific features of this book include the following:

  • Fundamentals of AutoCAD commands and procedures with hands-on, step-by-step exercises to produce basic two-dimensional architectural drawings.
  • Explanation of how AutoCAD procedures relate to what an architect or an interior designer might do when creating drawings.
  • Show and tell approach to what an architect, an interior designer, or a student should know in AutoCAD to create and print architectural drawings accurately and precisely.
  • A full range of AutoCAD commands and features specific to the process of creating architectural drawings that you will use on a daily basis in your profession or in the classroom.
  • Contents structured to teach the skills required to practice and master the two-dimensional drawing commands and procedures that allow you to create architectural working drawings and construction related documents.
  • Concepts and commands that are correlated with architectural examples so that you can apply them immediately to your drawings and identify the appropriate commands and procedures to create the required drawings.
  • Step-by-step exercises to reinforce and apply options and command procedures.
  • Useful tips, notes, and cautions that will increase your productivity without sacrificing accuracy. The shortcuts and tricks definitely increase drawing efficiency.
  • Hands-on system of learning with a show-me-how-it's-done approach supported by practical drawing exercises.
  • Tables and charts to make the learning process easier and faster.
  • Advanced commands, procedures and Express Tools to boost productivity.

In addition, each chapter and exercise is built around the concept of "tool and apparatus," where I explain a command, option, or a procedure as a tool and then you execute it with an exercise as an apparatus. As you complete the exercises, I am with you every step of the way with explanations and suggestions. This will give you a real sense of progression as you master commands and procedures. Each chapter is written and presented in a pedagogical format in which fundamental commands and concepts are explained first, followed by step-by-step exercises, and advanced features including many of the express tools, ending with review questions and chapter problems. Commands and procedures are presented in a logical sequence and each chapter is created on the skills presented in the previous chapter. Files for chapter exercise can be downloaded from the http://www.prenhall.com/saka web site.

I have given special attention to commands that are specific to architecture and procedures that an architect or an interior designer may apply when creating architectural drawings. For example, I have included an in-depth coverage and explanation of the MULTILINE command in a separate chapter. I have included the AIA CAD Layer guidelines as part of the architectural layer standards in a separate chapter and the actual layers in the Appendix. As you build your knowledge from one chapter to the next, you will progress to become at ease with easy-to-understand commands and procedures. I have included chapter tests for review of commands and key AutoCAD concepts. I have also created a test bank available for instructors and CAD Managers. The test bank can be used to create an AutoCAD exam to assess skills learned in a semester or to test the skill level of a future employee in a firm.


Throughout the book you are requested to access and select commands and respond to commands and their options in the command line using your keyboard or your mouse. The words select, pick, click, left-click, and right-click refer to accessing a command or performing a procedure using the buttons on your muse. The words enter and type refer to typing a command or a system variable at the command line using your keyboard. The word cursor refers to the pick box on the screen and the act of moving the mouse to perform such tasks as picking a point, drawing a line, or accessing a command. Different typefaces are used throughout the book to define procedures and identify AutoCAD commands.


The first chapter of this book provides an overview of the new features of AutoCAD 20001 as well as Internet features of both versions 2000 and 20001. Features that are new in AutoCAD 20001 that pertain to a specific chapter and section are referenced as AutoCAD 20001 Update: followed by the description of the new feature throughout the text. Chapters 2 through 24 are based on the use of AutoCAD2000 and include the updates. If you just started working with AutoCAD 2000 or AutoCAD2000i, each chapter in this book will teach you important concepts and include step-by-step exercises that show you how to use both versions of AutoCAD effectively and efficiently. Exercises provide key elements necessary to complete a specific task. The text is organized around the procedures that an architect or designer might typically follow when performing a similar task. The following guidelines will help you get the most out of this book:

  • Read the chapter objectives at the beginning of each chapter and understand what tasks you should be able to perform.
  • Read the concepts and key terms in each chapter to understand the application of commands and procedures into the drawing processes.
  • Reread essential features that apply to all types of architectural design and drawing tasks.
  • Review key terms and processes before executing exercises.
  • Complete all exercises to apply AutoCAD features to drawing tasks.
  • When using the step-by-step exercises, review each step to understand what you did for what particular reason.
  • After completing an exercise, ask yourself if you can complete the same exercise without following the steps from the book. If so, move on to the next concept. If not, repeat each exercise until you become comfortable performing the exercise on your own.
  • Pay close attention to tips, notes, and cautions. These allow you to incorporate a different procedure, present an alternate point of view, warn you about things you should not do, or provide a shortcut that you may use to save drawing time.
  • After completing a chapter, answer the Review Questions to assess what you have learned.
  • After the Review Questions, complete the Problems at the end of each chapter.
  • Don't give up if you become frustrated. Practice over and over again until you understand the procedures related to each objective.
  • Don't be afraid to experiment. There is a lot of room for self-exploration and self-discovery. With patience and practice, AutoCAD will grow on you.

This book can also be used as a reference and training manual in the office and in the studio. With many tools to create company standards to facilitate productivity, it can also be used as the office or studio companion with major architectural CAD concepts and applications that you need to produce and manage construction documents. Whether you are a professional or a student learning AutoCAD on your own or through an instructor-led course, you can use this text as a guide that will provide the know-how you need to increase and boost productivity and efficiency at work or in the classroom. Whether you are a novice or a seasoned AutoCAD user, this text will lead you through the basics as well as the advanced features of AutoCAD.

The successful application of AutoCAD to architectural drawings requires only a basic understanding of the architectural drawing processes, time, patience, and practice. This may be a lot to ask at first, but envision yourself as the person able to create wonderful architectural drawings that some day will transform into a skyscraper or an opera house.


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