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Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols and Systems

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Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks: Protocols and Systems


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  • Copyright 2002
  • Dimensions: 7" x 9-1/4"
  • Pages: 328
  • Edition: 1st
  • Book
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-007817-4
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-007817-9

The authoritative guide to the state of the art in ad hoc wireless networking.

  • Reflects the field's latest breakthroughs
  • Covers media access, routing, service discovery, multicasting, power conservation, transport protocol, and much more
  • Includes a complete narration of prototype implementation with communication performance results from practical field trials
  • Introduces key applications for home, business, auto, and defense

"Ad hoc" wireless networks eliminate the complexities of infrastructure setup and administration, enabling devices to create and join networks "on the fly"-anywhere, anytime, for virtually any application. The field is rapidly coming of age, reflecting powerful advances in protocols, systems, and real-world implementation experience. In Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks, one of the field's leading researchers brings together these advances in a single consolidated and comprehensive archive. C.K. Toh covers all this, and more:

  • Key challenges: device heterogeneity, diverse traffic profiles, mobility, and power conservation
  • Routing protocols for ad hoc networks, including Associativity Based Routing (ABR) and other IETF MANET protocols
  • Real-world implementation issues-including a complete prototype implementation
  • Ad hoc wireless network performance: results obtained from the latest field trials
  • Leading approaches to service discovery
  • Addressing TCP over an ad hoc wireless network environment
  • Support for multicast communications
  • The role of Bluetooth and WAP

Ad Hoc Mobile Wireless Networks introduces detailed application scenarios ranging from home and car to office and battlefield. C.K. Toh also introduces several of the field's leading projects, from Motorola's PIANO platform to UC Berkeley's "Smart Dust." Whether you're a researcher, scientist, implementer, consultant, technical manager, CTO, or student, you won't find a more authoritative and comprehensive guide to the new state of the art in ad hoc networking.

Sample Content

Online Sample Chapter

The Wireless Network Evolution

Table of Contents

About The Author.



Quotes & Words of Wisdom.

1. Introduction to Wireless Networks.

Evolution of Mobile Cellular Networks. Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM). General Packet Radio Service (GPRS). Personal Communications Services (PCSs). Wireless LANs (WLANS). Universal Mobile Telecommunications System (UMTS). IMT2000. IS-95, cdmaOne and cdma2000 Evolution. Organization of this Book.

2. Origins Of Ad Hoc: Packet Radio Networks.

Introduction. Technical Challenges. Architecture of PRNETs. Components of Packet Radios. Routing in PRNETs. Route Calculation. Pacing Techniques. Media Access in PRNETs. Flow Acknowledgments in PRNETs. Conclusions.

3. Ad Hoc Wireless Networks.

What Is an Ad Hoc Network? Heterogeneity in Mobile Devices. Wireless Sensor Networks. Traffic Profiles. Types of Ad Hoc Mobile Communications. Types of Mobile Host Movements. Challenges Facing Ad Hoc Mobile Networks. Conclusions.

4. Ad Hoc Wireless Media Access Protocols.

Introduction. Problems in Ad Hoc Channel Access. Receiver-Initiated MAC Protocols. Sender-Initiated MAC Protocols. Existing Ad Hoc MAC Protocols. MARCH: Media Access with Reduced Handshake. Conclusions.

5. Overview of Ad Hoc Routing Protocols.

Table-Driven Approaches. Destination Sequenced Distance Vector (DSDV). Wireless Routing Protocol (WRP). Cluster Switch Gateway Routing (CSGR). Source-Initiated On-Demand Approaches. Ad Hoc On-Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV). Dynamic Source Routing (DSR). Temporally Ordered Routing Algorithm (TORA). Signal Stability Routing (SSR). Location-Aided Routing (LAR). Power-Aware Routing (PAR). Zone Routing Protocol (ZRP). Source Tree Adaptive Routing (STAR). Relative Distance Microdiversity Routing (RDMAR). Conclusions.

6. Associativity-Based Long-Lived Routing.

A New Routing Paradigm. Associativity-Based Long-Lived Routing. ABR Protocol Description. Conclusions.

7. Implementation Of Ad Hoc Mobile Networks.

Introduction. ABR Protocol Implementation in Linux. Experimentation and Protocol Performance. Important Deductions. Conclusions.

8. Communication Performance of Ad Hoc Networks.

Introduction. Performance Parameters of Interest. Route Discovery (RD) Time. End-to-End Delay (EED) Performance. Communication Throughput Performance. Packet Loss Performance. Route Reconfiguration/Repair Time. TCP/IP-Based Applications. Conclusions.

9. Energy Conservation: Power Life Issues.

Introduction. Power Management. Advances in Device Power Management. Advances in Protocol Power Management. Power Conservation by Mobile Applications. Periodic Beaconing On Battery Life. Standalone Beaconing. HF Beaconing with Neighboring Nodes. Comparison of HF Beaconing with and without Neighbors. LF Beaconing with Neighboring Nodes. Comparison of LF Beaconing with and without Neighbors. Deductions. Conclusions.

10. Ad Hoc Wireless Multicast Routing.

Multicasting in Wired Networks. Multicast Routing in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks. Existing Ad Hoc Multicast Routing Protocols. ABAM: Associativity-Based Ad Hoc Multicast. Comparisons of Multicast Routing Protocols. Conclusions.

11. TCP Over Ad Hoc.

Introduction to TCP. Versions of TCP. Problems Facing TCP in Wireless Last-Hop. Problems Facing TCP in Wireless Ad Hoc. Approaches to TCP over Ad Hoc. Conclusion.

12. Internet & Ad Hoc Service Discovery.

Resource Discovery in the Internet. Service Location Protocol (SLP) Architecture. SLPv2 Packet Format. Jini. Salutation Protocol. Simple Service Discovery Protocol (SSDP). Service Discovery for Ad Hoc. Ad Hoc Service Location Architectures. Conclusions.


Bluetooth Specifications. Bluetooth Architectures. Bluetooth Protocols. Bluetooth Service Discovery. Bluetooth MAC. Bluetooth Packet Structure. Bluetooth Audio. Bluetooth Addressing. Bluetooth Limitations. Bluetooth Implementation. Conclusions.


The WAP Forum. The WAP Service Model. The WAP Protocol Architecture. The WWW Programming Model. The WAP Programming Model. Conclusions.

15. Ad Hoc Nomadic Mobile Applications.

In the Office. While Traveling. Arriving Home. In the Car. Shopping Malls. The Modern Battlefield. Car-to-Car Mobile Communications. Mobile Collaborative Applications. Location/Context Based Mobile Services. Conclusions.

16. Conclusions and The Future.

Pervasive Computing. Motorola PIANO Project. UC Berkeley Sensor Networks: Smart Dust. EPFL Terminodes/Large-Scale Networks. 802.15 PANs and 802.16 Wireless MANs. Ad Hoc Everywhere?

Glossary of Terms.





So many advances have been made in the field of infrastructureless wireless networks that it is time to consolidate the insights and technical know-how of this exciting and state-of-the-art technology into a book for educational and research purposes.

This book presents an introduction to wireless networks and packet radio networks in Chapters 1 and 2. These chapters allow the reader to gain a broader understanding of existing wireless networks before embarking into the details of ad hoc wireless networks. Packet radio networks are considered an earlier form of ad hoc networks since they address mobility and allow repeaters to be mobile. Chapter 3 provides an introduction to ad hoc wireless networks, highlighting the presence of device heterogeneity, different traffic profiles, mobility, and technical challenges. Chapter 4 exposes the problems associated with media access in ad hoc networks and presents some suitable solutions. Chapter 5 then gives an overview of existing ad hoc routing protocols, highlighting their features and differences. A new routing protocol based on the concept of long-life routing, or associativity, is presented in Chapter 6.

Insights into the implementation of a practical ad hoc wireless network are revealed in Chapter 7. Many may wonder about the communication performance of a practical ad hoc wireless network. Chapter 8 discusses this and presents results obtained from practical field trials. The importance of power conservation and the impact of periodic beaconing on battery life are discussed in Chapter 9. Support for multicast communications in an ad hoc wireless network and the various existing multicast routing protocols are discussed in Chapter 10. Support for reliable TCP communications over an ad hoc mobile environment is presented in Chapter 11.

Users of a network must be able to discover the presence of services in the network. Hence, Chapter 12 explains some existing service discovery methods. Fundamentals of the evolving Bluetooth technology are given in Chapter 13. The principles of Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) are explained in Chapter 14. Possible ad hoc mobile applications are revealed and discussed in Chapter 15. Finally, a conclusion is presented in Chapter 16.


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