Markus Jakobsson, Ph.D. is currently principal scientist at Palo Alto Research Center, and an adjunct associate professor at Indiana University. He has previously held positions as principal research scientist at RSA Laboratories, adjunct associate professor at New York University, and was a member of the technical staff at Bell Laboratories. He studies the human factor of security and cryptographic protocols, with a special focus on privacy. Markus has coauthored more than a hundred peer-reviewed articles and is a co-inventor of more than fifty patents and patents pending. He received his Ph.D. in computer science from University of California at San Diego in 1997.