Mark C. Smith is the software architect at Pearl Crescent, LLC where he is creating next generation Internet software. Previously, Mark was the chief architect for directory products at Netscape Communications Corporation, an America Online company, where he was responsible for the technical evolution of Netscape Directory Server and several other AOL products and services. Mark was previously a driving force behind the University of Michigan’s LDAP implementation and a key designer of the university’s directory service. He is a co-author of the books "LDAP: Programming Directory-Enabled Applications with Lightweight Directory Access Protocol" and "Understanding and Deploying LDAP Directory Services" and has written many RFCs and Internet Drafts. Mark has a bachelor’s degree in Computer Engineering from the University of Michigan and is an active member of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF), where he participates in the continuing evolution of LDAP.