Kenneth Pugh, has over two-fifths of a century of software experience. Previously a principal at Pugh-Killeen Associates, he is now a fellow consultant for Net Objectives. He has developed software for everything from radar tracking to financial analysis. Responsibilities have included everything from gathering requirements to testing. After the start of the new millennium, he has worked with teams to create software more effectively with lean and agile processes. He has spoken at numerous national conferences; consulted and taught all over the world; and testified on technology topics. This is his seventh book. In 2006, his book Prefactoring won the Jolt Award [DrDobbs01]. In his spare time, he snowboards, windsurfs, and backpacks. Between 1997 and 2003, he completed the Appalachian Trail. The cover photograph of Mount Katahdin, the northern end of the trail, was taken by the author from Abol Bridge in Maine.