Randall S. Billingsley, Ph.D., CFA is a finance professor at Virginia Tech as well as a Chartered Financial Analyst charterholder and holder of the Certified Rate of Return Analyst (CRRA) designation. He consults worldwide, and was formerly Vice President at the Association for Investment Management and Research (now the CFA Institute). An award-winning teacher at both the undergraduate and graduate levels, he has taught review courses for CFA® charter candidates throughout the U.S. and Europe. His equity valuation case study was assigned in AIMR's Level II of the CFA® Curriculum. Billingsley serves as an expert witness on valuation and investment-related litigation.