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CISSP Exam Cram Premium Edition and Practice Tests, 4th Edition

CISSP Exam Cram Premium Edition and Practice Tests, 4th Edition

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Description

  • Copyright 2017
  • Dimensions: 6" x 9"
  • Pages: 650
  • Edition: 4th
  • Premium Edition eBook
  • ISBN-10: 0-13-426310-3
  • ISBN-13: 978-0-13-426310-6

CISSP Exam Cram, Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test

The exciting new CISSP Exam Cram, Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test is a digital-only certification preparation product combining an eBook with enhanced Pearson IT Certification Practice Test. The Premium Edition eBook and Practice Test contains the following items:

  • The CISSP Exam Cram Premium Edition Practice Test, including a total of three practice exams and enhanced practice test features
  • PDF and EPUB formats of the CISSP Exam Cram, Fourth Edition from Pearson IT Certification, which are accessible via your PC, tablet, and Smartphone

About the Premium Edition Practice Test

This Premium Edition contains an enhanced version of the Pearson IT Certification Practice Test (PCPT) software with three practice exams. In addition, it contains all the chapter assessment questions from the book. This integrated learning package:

  • Allows you to focus on individual topic areas or take complete, timed exams
  • Includes direct links from each question to detailed tutorials to help you understand the concepts behind the questions
  • Provides unique sets of exam-realistic practice questions
  • Tracks your performance and provides feedback on a module-by-module basis, laying out a complete assessment of your knowledge to help you focus your study where it is needed most

Pearson IT Certification Practice Test minimum system requirements:

Windows 10, Windows 8.1, Windows 7, Microsoft .NET Framework 4.5 Client; Pentium-class 1 GHz processor (or equivalent); 512 MB RAM; 650 MB disk space plus 50 MB for each downloaded practice exam; access to the Internet to register and download the assessment engine and exam databases


About the Premium Edition eBook

CISSP Exam Cram, Fourth Edition, is the perfect study guide to help you pass the new eight domain version of the CISSP exam. It provides coverage and practice questions for every exam topic, including substantial new coverage of encryption, cloud security, information lifecycles, security management/governance, and more. The book contains an extensive set of preparation tools, such as quizzes, Exam Alerts, and two practice exams, while the companion website’s test engine provides real-time practice and feedback.

Covers the critical information you’ll need to pass the CISSP exam!

  • Enforce foundational security operations concepts
  • Apply reliable authentication, authorization, and accountability
  • Design security architectures that can be verified, certified, and accredited
  • Understand the newest attacks and countermeasures
  • Use encryption to safeguard data, systems, and networks
  • Systematically plan and test business continuity/disaster recovery programs
  • Protect today’s cloud, web, and database applications
  • Address global compliance issues, from privacy to computer forensics
  • Develop software that is secure throughout its entire lifecycle
  • Implement effective security governance and risk management
  • Use best-practice policies, procedures, guidelines, and controls
  • Ensure strong operational controls, from background checks to security audits

Sample Content

Sample Pages

Download the sample pages (includes Chapter 2 and the Index.)

Table of Contents

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

CHAPTER 1: The CISSP Certification Exam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Assessing Exam Readiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18

    Taking the Exam . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    Examples of CISSP Test Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

    Answer to Multiple-Choice Question . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Answer to Drag and Drop Question . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Answer to Hotspot Question . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    Exam Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

    Question-Handling Strategies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    Mastering the Inner Game . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

CHAPTER 2: Logical Asset Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    Basic Security Principles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28

    Data Management: Determine and Maintain Ownership . . . . . . 30

        Data Governance Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30

        Roles and Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32

        Data Ownership . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

        Data Custodians . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34

        Data Documentation and Organization . . . . . . . . . 35

        Data Warehousing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

        Data Mining . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

        Knowledge Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36

    Data Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

        Data Lifecycle Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

        Data Audit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

        Data Storage and Archiving . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38

    Data Security, Protection, Sharing, and Dissemination . . . . . . . 41

        Privacy Impact Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

        Information Handling Requirements . . . . . . . . . . 43

        Data Retention and Destruction . . . . . . . . . . . . 44

        Data Remanence and Decommissioning . . . . . . . . . 45

    Classifying Information and Supporting Assets . . . . . . . . . 46

        Data Classification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

    Asset Management and Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

        Software Licensing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50

        Equipment Lifecycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

    Determine Data Security Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

        Data at Rest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

        Data in Transit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54

        Endpoint Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

        Baselines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57

    Laws, Standards, Mandates and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . 58

        United States Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

        International Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68

CHAPTER 3: Physical Asset Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

    Physical Security Risks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

        Natural Disasters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73

        Man-Made Threats. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74

        Technical Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

    Facility Concerns and Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

        CPTED . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

        Area Concerns . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

        Location . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

        Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

        Doors, Walls, Windows, and Ceilings . . . . . . . . . . 79

        Asset Placement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

        Physical Port Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82

    Perimeter Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

        Fences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83

        Gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

        Bollards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

        CCTV Cameras . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

        Lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

        Guards and Dogs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

        Locks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

    Employee Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

        Badges, Tokens, and Cards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94

        Biometric Access Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

    Environmental Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98

        Heating, Ventilating, and Air Conditioning . . . . . . . . 98

    Electrical Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

        Uninterruptible Power Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

    Equipment Life Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101

    Fire Prevention, Detection, and Suppression . . . . . . . . . . 101

        Fire-Detection Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

        Fire Suppression . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103

    Alarm Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

        Intrusion Detection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

        Monitoring and Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112

    Suggested Reading and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

CHAPTER 4: Security and Risk Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

    Security Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116

        Third-Party Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

        Organization Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119

    Protection of Intellectual Properly . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121

    Privacy Laws and Protection of Personal Information . . . . . . . 121

    Relevant Laws and Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

    United States Legal System and Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . 123

    International Legal Systems and Laws . . . . . . . . . . . . 124

    Computer Crime and Hackers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

        Sexual Harassment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

    Risk Management Concepts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

        Risk Management Frameworks . . . . . . . . . . . . 129

        Risk Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130

    Countermeasure Selection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146

    Develop and Implement Security Policy . . . . . . . . . . . 149

        Security Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150

        Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

        Baselines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152

        Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

        Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153

    Types of Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

        Administrative Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154

        Technical Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

        Physical Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

        Access Control Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155

    Implement Personnel Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

        New-Hire Agreements and Policies . . . . . . . . . . . 157

        Separation of Duties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

        Job Rotation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

        Least Privilege . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158

        Mandatory Vacations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

        Termination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159

    Security Education, Training, and Awareness . . . . . . . . . . 160

        Security Awareness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161

        Social Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162

    Professional Ethics Training and Awareness . . . . . . . . . . 163

        ISC2 Code of Ethics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

        Computer Ethics Institute . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

        Internet Architecture Board . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165

        NIST SP 800-14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166

        Common Computer Ethics Fallacies . . . . . . . . . . . 167

        Regulatory Requirements for Ethics Programs . . . . . . . 167

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173

CHAPTER 5: Security Engineering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

    Fundamental Concepts of Security Models . . . . . . . . . . 176

        Central Processing Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176

        Storage Media . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181

        I/O Bus Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183

        Virtual Memory and Virtual Machines . . . . . . . . . . 184

        Computer Configurations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186

    Security Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

        Protection Rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 187

        Trusted Computer Base . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189

        Open and Closed Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192

        Security Modes of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

        Operating States . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 194

        Recovery Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

        Process Isolation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

    Common Formal Security Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . 196

        State Machine Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 197

        Information Flow Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

        Noninterference Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

        Confidentiality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 199

        Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202

        Other Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205

    Product Security Evaluation Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . 206

        The Rainbow Series . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207

        Information Technology Security Evaluation Criteria . . . . . 210

        Common Criteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 210

    System Validation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

        Certification and Accreditation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 213

    Security Guidelines and Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . 214

        Enterprise Architecture . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215

        Regulatory Compliance and Process Control . . . . . . . . 218

    Vulnerabilities of Security Architectures . . . . . . . . . . . 218

        Buffer Overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219

        Back Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220

        State Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220

        Covert Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 220

        Incremental Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 221

        Emanations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222

        Web-based Vulnerabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223

        Mobile System Vulnerabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . 225

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231

CHAPTER 6: The Application and Use of Cryptography . . . . . . . . . . . . 233

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

    Cryptographic Basics. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234

    History of Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

    Steganography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 243

        Steganography Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244

        Digital Watermark . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245

    Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 246

    Cipher Types and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247

    Symmetric Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249

        Data Encryption Standard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 252

        Triple-DES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 255

        Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) . . . . . . . . . . 257

        International Data Encryption Algorithm . . . . . . . . . 258

        Rivest Cipher Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 258

    Asymmetric Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259

        Diffie-Hellman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261

        RSA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 262

        El Gamal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263

        Elliptical Curve Cryptosystem . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263

        Merkle-Hellman Knapsack . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 264

        Review of Symmetric and Asymmetric Cryptographic Systems . . 264

    Hybrid Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 265

    Integrity and Authentication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 266

        Hashing and Message Digests . . . . . . . . . . . . . 267

        Digital Signatures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 270

        Cryptographic System Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

    Public Key Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

        Certificate Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 272

        Registration Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

        Certificate Revocation List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273

        Digital Certificates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 274

        The Client’s Role in PKI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276

    Email Protection Mechanisms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 277

        Pretty Good Privacy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 278

        Other Email Security Applications . . . . . . . . . . . 278

    Securing TCP/IP with Cryptographic Solutions . . . . . . . . . 279

        Application/Process Layer Controls . . . . . . . . . . . 280

        Host to Host Layer Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . 280

        Internet Layer Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282

        Network Access Layer Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . 283

        Link and End-to-End Encryption . . . . . . . . . . . . 284

        Cryptographic Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 292

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 293

CHAPTER 7: Communications and Network Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . 295

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

    Secure Network Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

    Network Models and Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 296

        OSI Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297

        Encapsulation/De-encapsulation . . . . . . . . . . . . 303

    TCP/IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 304

        Network Access Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305

        Internet Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 306

        Host-to-Host (Transport) Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . 311

        Application Layer . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 314

    LANs and Their Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 318

        LAN Communication Protocols . . . . . . . . . . . . 318

        Network Topologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 319

        LAN Cabling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 322

        Network Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

        Network Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

    Communication Standards . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 327

    Network Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

        Repeaters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

        Hubs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

        Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 328

        Switches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 329

        Mirrored Ports and Network Taps . . . . . . . . . . . 330

        VLANs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 331

        Routers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 332

        Gateways . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

    Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 333

    WANs and Their Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336

        Packet Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 336

        Circuit Switching . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 337

    Cloud Computing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 341

    Voice Communications and Wireless Communications . . . . . . 342

        Voice over IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 343

        Cell Phones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 344

        802.11 Wireless Networks and Standards . . . . . . . . . 346

    Network Access Control Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355

        Firewalls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 355

        Demilitarized Zone . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 357

        Firewall Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

    Remote Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 359

        Point-to-Point Protocol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 360

        Remote Authentication Dial-in User Service . . . . . . . . 362

        Terminal Access Controller Access Control System . . . . . . 362

        IPsec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 362

    Message Privacy and Multimedia Collaboration . . . . . . . . . 364

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 366

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 370

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 371

CHAPTER 8: Identity and Access Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 374

    Identification, Authentication, and Authorization of People and Devices . .. 375

        Authentication Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 376

        Identity Management Implementation . . . . . . . . . . 391

    Single Sign-On . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 392

        Kerberos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393

        Sesame . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 396

    Authorization and Access Control Techniques . . . . . . . . . 397

        Discretionary Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 397

        Mandatory Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 398

        Role-Based Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 401

        Other Types of Access Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . 402

    Access Control Models . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403

        Centralized Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 403

        Decentralized Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 407

    Audit and Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408

        Monitoring Access and Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . 408

        Intrusion Detection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 409

        Intrusion Prevention Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414

        Network Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 414

        Keystroke Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 415

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 417

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 421

    Suggesting Reading and Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . 422

CHAPTER 9: Security Assessment and Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 425

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426

    Security Assessments and Penetration Test Strategies. . . . . . . 426

Audits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 426

        Vulnerability Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427

        Penetration Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 428

    Test Techniques and Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432

    Security Threats and Vulnerabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435

        Threat Actors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435

        Attack Methodologies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437

    Network Security Threats and Attack Techniques . . . . . . . . 439

        Session Hijacking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440

        Sniffing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 440

        Wiretapping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441

        DoS Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442

        Distributed Denial of Service . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443

        Botnets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443

        Other Network Attack Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . 446

    Access Control Threats and Attack Techniques . . . . . . . . . 448

        Unauthorized Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448

        Access Aggregation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448

        Password Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 449

        Spoofing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453

        Eavesdropping and Shoulder Surfing . . . . . . . . . . 453

        Identity Theft . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 453

    Social-based Threats and Attack Techniques . . . . . . . . . . 454

    Malicious Software Threats and Attack Techniques . . . . . . . . 456

        Viruses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 456

        Worms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457

        Logic Bombs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457

        Backdoors and Trojans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458

        Rootkits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461

        Crimeware Kits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461

        Advanced Persistent Threats . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

        Ransomware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462

    How Computer Crime Has Changed . . . . . . . . . . . . 464

    Well-Known Computer Crimes and Criminals . . . . . . . . . 465

    Investigating Computer Crime . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 466

        Computer Crime Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

        Incident Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 467

    Forensics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 472

        Standardization of Forensic Procedures . . . . . . . . . . 473

        Computer Forensics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 474

    Investigations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 479

        Search, Seizure, and Surveillance . . . . . . . . . . . . 479

        Interviews and Interrogations . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480

        Honeypots and Honeynets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 480

        Evidence Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 481

    Trial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 482

        The Evidence Life-Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 483

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 484

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 487

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 488

CHAPTER 10: Security Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 491

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 492

    Foundational Security Operations Concepts . . . . . . . . . . 492

        Managing Users and Accounts . . . . . . . . . . . . . 493

        Privileged Entities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495

        Controlling Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 495

        Clipping Levels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496

    Resource Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496

        Due Care and Due Diligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . 496

        Asset Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497

        System Hardening . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 497

        Change and Configuration Management . . . . . . . . . 498

        Trusted Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 500

        Remote Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 502

        Media Management, Retention, and Destruction . . . . . . 502

    Telecommunication Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503

        Cloud Computing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 503

        Email . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 504

        Whitelisting, Blacklisting, and Graylisting . . . . . . . . . 506

        Fax . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 506

        PBX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 507

        Anti-malware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 509

        Honeypots and Honeynets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 510

        Patch Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511

    System Resilience, Fault Tolerance, and Recovery Controls . . . . . 511

        Backups . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 511

        Fault Tolerance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 513

        RAID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 514

        Recovery Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 516

    Monitoring and Auditing Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . 518

        Auditing User Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 519

        Monitoring Application Transactions . . . . . . . . . . 520

        Security Information and Event Management (SIEM) . . . . . 521

        Network Access Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 522

        Keystroke Monitoring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 523

        Emanation Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524

        Controlling Physical Access . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 524

    Intrusion Detection Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 525

        Network-Based Intrusion Detection Systems . . . . . . . . 526

        Host-Based Intrusion-Detection Systems . . . . . . . . . 527

        Signature-Based, Anomaly-Based, and Rule-Based

        IDS Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 527

        Intrusion Prevention Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530

    Responding to Operational Security Incidents . . . . . . . . . 530

        Incident Response . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 530

    The Disaster Recovery Life Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . 531

        Teams and Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 533

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 535

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 538

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 539

CHAPTER 11: Software Development Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 541

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542

    Software Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 542

        Avoiding System Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 543

        The System Development Lifecycle . . . . . . . . . . . 545

    Development Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554

        The Waterfall Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554

        The Spiral Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 554

        Joint Application Development . . . . . . . . . . . . 555

        Rapid Application Development . . . . . . . . . . . . 556

        Incremental Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556

        Prototyping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 556

        Modified Prototype Model (MPM) . . . . . . . . . . . 557

        Computer-Aided Software Engineering . . . . . . . . . . 557

        Agile Development Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . 557

        Capability Maturity Model . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 558

        Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 560

    Change Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 561

    Programming Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 562

        Object-Oriented Programming . . . . . . . . . . . . 565

        CORBA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566

    Database Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 566

        Database Terms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 567

        Integrity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569

        Transaction Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 569

        Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems . . . . . . . . . 570

    Security of the Software Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . 571

        Mobile Code . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 573

        Buffer Overflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 574

        Financial Attacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575

        Change Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 575

        Viruses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 576

        Worms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 577

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 579

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 583

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 585

CHAPTER 12: Business Continuity Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 587

    Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 588

    Threats to Business Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 588

    Business Continuity Planning (BCP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589

        Project Management and Initiation . . . . . . . . . . . 591

        Business Impact Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 593

        Recovery Strategy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 599

        Plan Design and Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . 615

        Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 618

        Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 619

        Monitoring and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . 621

    Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 623

    Answers to Exam Prep Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 627

    Need to Know More? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 629

Practice Exam I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 631

Answers to Practice Exam I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 645

Practice Exam II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 661

Answers to Practice Exam II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 675

TOC, 9780789755537, 7/27/2016

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