Introduction: The Real Threat of Disinformation Campaigns
In any war, the dissemination of propaganda and the use of disinformation are just as effective as the destruction or disruption of an enemy's infrastructure.
Disinformation campaigns, such as spreading false rumors electronically that are picked up by the media as true, cracking into news servers to plant false or misleading stories, or entering false or misleading information in databases, are tactics that can be used by cyberterrorists to undermine the effectiveness of organizations relying on that information.
One effective method to accomplish this spread of disinformation is DNS poisoning (also called DNS spoofing). This tactic consists of convincing a name server that a domain has a different IP address. A close cousin is domain hijacking, which involves stealing a domain at the registrar level.