- “I’m still at the beginning of my career. It’s all a little new, and I’m still learning as I go.”
- —Orlando Bloom
JavaFX Script Basics
JavaFX is partially a declarative language. Using a declarative language, a developer describes what needs to be done, then lets the system get it done. Olof Torgersson, Program Director for the Chalmers University of Technology Master’s program in Interaction Design and Associate Professor at Göteborg University, has been researching declarative programming for over 10 years. From his analysis of declarative programming approaches, we find this definition:
- “From a programmer’s point of view, the basic property is that programming is lifted to a higher level of abstraction. At this higher level of abstraction the programmer can concentrate on stating what is to be computed, not necessarily how it is to be computed”1
JavaFX Script blends declarative programming concepts with object orientation. This provides a highly productive, yet flexible and robust, foundation for applications. However, with this flexibility comes responsibility from the developer. JavaFX Script is a forgiving language and being declarative, it assumes inherent rules that may obscure a programming fault. The most obvious of these is that null objects are handled by the runtime engine and seldom cause a Java Null Pointer exception. As a result, the program will continue when a null is encountered
within an expression, and will produce a valid result. However, the result may not have been what you expected. Therefore, the developer needs to be extra vigilant when writing code and more thorough when testing it. At first, this may seem alarming; however, this is offset by the ease of use and greater productivity of JavaFX and by the fact that JavaFX tries to mitigate the user from experiencing a crash.
One of the benefits of JavaFX being a declarative language is that much of the “plumbing” to make objects interact is already provided within the language. This allows the developer to be able to concentrate more on what needs to display, and less on how to do it. The next sections provide an overview of the JavaFX Script language including syntax, operators, and other features.